Tag Archives: trujillob2018

Food Prompt 2

My reaction to the article was actually shocking, it first started by talking about an individual’s 7-day plan of eating junk food in moderation and I thought it was good. But then I continued reading and saw that the individual wasn’t eating in moderation, it’s was a life style. I was very wrong about that. I really liked the part about how there aren’t superfoods but there is supervillain food. That is something that consumers should know because many think that healthy food would beat junk food when in reality it won’t because some are made with harsh chemicals that healthy food won’t be able to beat. I don’t see my self in it, I grew up eating healthy food on a daily basis and no junk food at home (not even a piece of candy). That lifestyle has stayed that way since I left to college. Even now I only eat one piece of junk food every 2 weeks or so. I don’t plan it, it just happens. The next step for me would be to just keep the same diet that I have. I was fortunate to grow up with this healthy lifestyle that changing it could potentially make things worse.

Reflection Post

This is the first public health class that I have taken, from every post I made my knowledge as a consumer has increased. I’m aware of things that I wasn’t aware of before. The weekly post helped me think about the idea of plastic bags for my photovoice project. I think it is very meaningful for most public health students to be able to do the things on the list. It allowed us to learn new things from each thing on the list. It also let us think outside the box when answering the weakly post. I never had a class like this and I really enjoyed it. I’m glad I took part of this class!

PhotoVoice: Plastic Bags

Bags have been around the United States since 1979, the United States alone uses 30 billion bags annually. To hit a little close to home Washingtonians, use more than 2 billion single use plastic bags each year. Seattle alone uses 292 million annually and only 13% are recycled (O’Brian, 2017).

Each individual averages about 350 to 500 plastic bags annually (Malissa).


This individual is wearing 500 bags; this gives you an idea on how much each individual in the United States uses plastic bags annually. At first, hearing that an individual uses 350 to 500 bags, you don’t really think much but when you actually see it it’s shocking. You start to imagine all the times you have gone to the grocery stores and start to think about the amount of bags you leave with afterward. All those bags are roaming around our environment affects our health and ecosystem. We might go to the store and say “it’s only one bag it won’t do much” but all those “one bag” adds up. Since the day I took that photo I think of all the plastic bags that I have used and that I need to reduce the amount of bags that I use.

So if only a few plastic bags are being recycled, where are the rest of the plastic bags going?

They tend to end up in landfills, trees, ocean, in the forest and in your home.


I set up the bags this way because it reminds me of my mother’s Heartleaf Philodendron. It is extremely easy to grow just like the pile of bags my parents consume on a weekly basis. They seem to look very harmless like the plant but don’t let that fool you.

All these plastic bags roaming around are not healthy for us and for the environment. Depending on where the plastic bags are they can break down into smaller pieces. When they do break down they are not gone. The smaller pieces that remain are hazardous, they are then consumed by shellfish, fish, turtles, marine mammals, and birds, dogs, and so on. In 2010 a beached gray whale was found to have 20 plastic bags in its stomach (O’Brian, 2017).

From what you read you see that bags are appearing randomly in different areas and millions being used daily. Numbers will continue to increase if something is not being done. Fortunately, we have alternatives.

To reduce the usage of plastic bags, reusable bags are now being produced to replace plastic bags. They are strong, cheap, and last longer. You will reduce the amount of bags and have a cleaner environment. Some stores will reward you for bringing in reusable bags (KCL, 2014). Recycling plastic bags is another choice that you have.


For those who want to start using reusable bags but don’t know what to do with the plastic bags that they have, a good way to get rid of them is by returning them to these locations. If it wasn’t for me taking this photo I would have not been aware that these stores participate in recycling plastic bags. For someone to complete a project like this, it will allow them to see how beneficial it is for them to reduce the amount of plastic bags and they will see that any little change they do, they will help the environment and improve their health.

KCL. (2014, July 20). 8 Retailers That Reward You for Bringing Your Own Bags! Retrieved July 20, 2017, from http://thekrazycouponlady.com/tips/finance/earn-shop-8-retailers-reward-bringing-bags

Malissa L. (n.d.). Retrieved July 25, 2017, from https://www.reusethisbag.com/25-reasons-to-go-reusable.php

O’Brian, M. (2017). Plastic Bag Ban. Retrieved July 24, 2017, from https://www.seattle.gov/council/meet-the-council/mike-obrien/plastic-bag-ban

Glossary Post 6

Quarantine = separates and restricts the movement of people who were exposed to a contagious disease to see if they become sick.

Quarantine and Isolation. (2017, March 21). Retrieved July 26, 2017, from https://www.cdc.gov/quarantine/index.html

Prevalence = is the proportion of a population who have (or had) a specific characteristic in a given time period – in medicine, typically an illness, a condition, or a risk factor such as depression or smoking.

What is prevalence? (n.d.). Retrieved July 26, 2017, from https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/prevalence/index.shtml

Morbidity = refers to having a disease or a symptom of disease, or to the amount of disease within a population. Morbidity also refers to medical problems caused by a treatment.

NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms. (n.d.). Retrieved July 26, 2017, from https://www.cancer.gov/publications/dictionaries/cancer-terms?cdrid=44514

Early Life and Childhood/Youth Prompt 1

An article in the Los Angeles Time was published saying that infant mortalities have decreased. The reason why many infant mortality occurred was that of low birth weight, congenital malformations, sudden infant death syndrome and maternal complications(Gorman, 2013). This was advertised to thousands of people and health officials focused on reducing infant mortality by providing quality prenatal care for months. So nothing occurs to their infants. This is where they health officials would make money. But good medical care during pregnancy cannot undo a lifetime of exposure to stress and bad environments (Gorman, 2013). Also, private cord blood banks are telling families that saving their umbilical cord would save their life if they needed it (Moninger, 2015). When Tracey and Victor Done’s 4-month-old son needed it, it did not work for him. The bank was alleging false advertising and consumer fraud (Moninger, 2015)

I say that the pre-parents would like to know if any genetic mutations they have will be passed down to their new/future child. My sister has a little girl who inherited a disease called dystonia with cerebral parsley. That diseases will never allow her to live a normal life. My sister wanted to have another child and she wanted to see the chances of her next child having the same disease. She and her husband had to get a genetic testing done. Fortunately, their next child came out healthy.

Gorman, A. (2013, April 17). U.S. infant mortality rate declines. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from http://articles.latimes.com/2013/apr/17/science/la-sci-infant-mortality-20130417

Moninger, J. (2015, July 28). The Cord Blood Controversy. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from http://www.parents.com/pregnancy/my-baby/cord-blood-banking/the-cord-blood-controversy/

Glossary Post 3 and 4

Infant mortality rate: Compares the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.

COUNTRY COMPARISON: INFANT MORTALITY RATE. (n.d.). Retrieved July 20, 2017, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2091rank.html

Population-based practice: A population is a collection of individuals who have one or more personal or environmental characteristics in common

About MDH. (n.d.). Retrieved July 20, 2017, from http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/opi/cd/phn/docs/0303phn_popbasedpractice.pdf

Primary care: Is that care provided by physicians specifically trained for and skilled in comprehensive first contact and continuing care for persons with any undiagnosed sign, symptom, or health concern (the “undifferentiated” patient) not limited by problem origin (biological, behavioral, or social), organ system, or diagnosis.

Primary Care. (2017, March 03). Retrieved July 20, 2017, from http://www.aafp.org/about/policies/all/primary-care.html

Social Norms: are the rules of behavior that are considered acceptable in a group or society. People who do not follow these norms may be shunned or suffer some kind of consequence. Norms change according to the environment or situation and may change or be modified over time.

Y. (2016, July 18). Social Norm Examples. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from http://examples.yourdictionary.com/social-norm-examples.html

Accreditation: is a process of review that healthcare organizations participate in to demonstrate the ability to meet regulatory requirements and accreditation standards established by a recognized accreditation organization. Accreditation reflects an agency’s dedication and commitment to meeting standards that demonstrate a higher level of performance and patient care.

Accreditation Commission for Health Care . (n.d.). Retrieved July 20, 2017, from http://www.achc.org/about-accreditation.html

Chronic Diseases: The Leading Causes of Death and Disability in the United States. Chronic diseases and conditions—such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and arthritis—are among the most common, costly, and preventable of all health problems.

Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2017, June 28). Retrieved July 20, 2017, from https://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/overview/index.htm


Challenge: Honoring Choices

On 4th of July week, my family lost a very close friend at a young age. She got an infection that started in her feet and went all the way to her lungs killing her. This death actually got us talking about what we wanted to do if one of us were in a state where we were severely ill and we wouldn’t make it. My parents both said that if there was nothing for the doctors to do they would want to be discharged and be at home surrounded by loved ones. They do not want to get us into debt and they don’t want to be taking medication causing them so many sides effects that wouldn’t even help them at the end. I wasn’t so comfortable talking about this topic because it got me thinking about the future. But talking about this will prepare me and also the consumer about to do in the future and be ready for what might occur.

Glossary Post 2

Values: 1. Important and lasting beliefs or ideals shared by the members of a culture about what is good or bad and desirable or undesirable. Values have major influence on a person’s behavior and attitude and serve as broad guidelines in all situations. Some common business values are fairness, innovation and community involvement.

How has this term impacted your life? (n.d.). Retrieved July 13, 2017, from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/values.html

Discrimination: The act of making or perceiving a difference :  the act of discriminating a bloodhound’s scent discrimination

Discrimination. (n.d.). Retrieved July 13, 2017, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/discrimination

Public Health: Promotes and protects the health of people and the communities where they live, learn, work and play.

While a doctor treats people who are sick, those of us working in public health try to prevent people from getting sick or injured in the first place. We also promote wellness by encouraging healthy behaviors.

Public health saves money, improves our quality of life, helps children thrive and reduces human suffering.

What is Public Health? (n.d.). Retrieved July 13, 2017, from https://www.apha.org/what-is-public-health

Thinking and Discourse Prompt One

When comparing both questions, the first question that they give is a very broad question compare to the second question. In the second one, they give the participant a more in-depth question allowing the individual to think about the question. But I would say that the first question is much clearer because it gets straight to the point. Since the individual posted a broad question they are able to use the result for any type data they want to present. But overall the second question allows the consumer to answer correctly based on what they really believe in.