Tag Archives: j.apple108


For this peer-review, I read a post about Direct to Consumer ads by @thejenetic that was published on November 28. From reading this contribution, I learned how this person feels about DTC ads. This person is against DTC ads. Also, I learned how the pharmaceutical industry is increasing its advertisement over the past 4 years; they’re spending millions, billions of dollars for this DTC ads. From what I understand, DTC ads affect consumers because they buy drugs that probably aren’t effective not to mention with a lot of bad side effects. It would be good for an older adult or a teenager to read this contribution because it will help these people understand and learn about the Direct to Consumer ads; it is important for people to know the truth. An older adult would benefit from reading this because I’ve noticed that there are a lot of DTC advertisement directed toward older adults. For example, some ads would say something like “Are you having back problems?, are you having a hard time walking?, etc.” For teenagers, they may benefit from reading this because most of them aren’t aware of the issues related with DTC ads. DTC ads target everybody but especially people who aren’t aware, I think. Direct to Consumer ads may say something “Are you having trouble sleeping?” I mean who isn’t having trouble sleeping sometimes?

The strongest (or most credible) part of this contribution is when this person actually read a lot of articles to back up what they said in this prompt. There are links to click on to take you to those articles just in case you want to know where they got the information. The weakest part (or something that someone might question) about this contribution is probably not citing all the information at the end. One part that I had to read more than once in order to understand it is ” The AMA also listed a study found that when medications were marketed directly to the consumer they saw an increase in the price of 34.2%.” The sentence structure got me confused. I found one error where this person said “To make things worse the pharmaceutical industry is pushing for more freedom in their advertisement practices so they can market drugs for off-label uses.” I believe this person may be missing a comma at the start of this sentence after the word “worse”. One part that made me want to read more on this topic is in general all the issues about direct to consumers ads. I am a curious person so it made me want to read more even though I also did read and watched videos about this DTC ads practice. On a 1 to 4 scale where 1 is the lowest possible and 4 is the highest possible, I rate this contribution a 3.5 overall because it contained informative information. But because, in addition, it had two sentences that were confusing and didn’t provide a citation at the end of the work.

Greenwashing Post

Prompt: What does it mean to be green? What does sustainability mean and why is it important? How does being “green” help us and the environment?

Answer: To be green, according to the slides is to be environmentally friendly and most importantly it has to do with sustainability. Sustainability can be describe as maintaining the earth’s most valuable resources alive meaning using as little as we can to maintain those resources because otherwise we will run out of it or the future generations will not have those resources. Being green means being eco-friendly, conserving energy, and not using too much of what you do not need. For instance, turning off the lights when you do not need it or having the sink turned off when you’re brushing your teeth and only when you need it. Doing small things to converse resources on earth means being green and many more. Sustainability is important because if we use the resources we have now, eventually there won’t be resources left for the future generations.

GB #5

For this last glossary building, I checked out the Green Washing slides & Pharmaceutical slides and I found some terms that I thought were important to understand. I took geology and geography classes in a community college where I learned about this “green” topic. In both of these classes, my professors discussed about sustainability a lot. They discussed about the environment and how humans are affecting the environment everyday without realizing the great effect their actions have on the environment. Most of my professors were very passionate and caring about the environment. I learned a lot and now I am more aware about my actions to the environment. I like to think that I am someone who cares about the environment. However, many of us can say that we care about our environment but probably end up hurting the environment without being aware.

One of the main term that I found on the slide was the term sustainability and I think it is important to understand and what it really means. Sustainability means taking care of our resources and not wasting resources too fast. It means that our needs are met but also without making it difficult to meet future generations needs according to the slide. We have to watch out and not be careless about the future generations needs. From the pharmaceutical slides, I found Me-toos which I did not know what it was. According to the slides and other articles I read, Me-toos are either cheaper or expensive drugs that are similar to pre-existing drugs. Consumers may pay more for little benefit according to the slides. Me-toos drugs can be positive and negative. I also did a bit of research about the DTC ads. DTC stands for Direct to Consumer ads and this have to do with prescription drugs advertisement on TV, internet, magazines, and newspapers. According to the PowerPoint slides and other articles I read, only New Zealand and U.S. allow this. The problem with this is that it does not really advertise the effects of taking those drugs. Of course because they want people to buy it. It is economically driven rather than to inform the people.

  • Sustainability: “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” from GreenWashing Slides
  • Me-toos: Drugs that are similar to existing drugs and either cheaper or more higher costs to consumers with not much benefit
  • Direct to Consumer ads: Drugs being advertised on internet, TV, newspapers, etc. It is economically driven rather than informing people about the side effects

GB #4

Many of us do not know much about illness and where to go to get the right care when we need or for our loved ones. When we have knowledge of some things related with illness and mortality, we could make a good choice. As I was reading about medical mistakes, I was shocked to find out that more people die due to medical mistakes. I used to think differently. There are so many things that people do not about this topic. This article I read called How Many Die From Medical Mistakes In U.S. Hospitals? discussed about the numbers of patients died because of medical mistakes. According to the article, “bad hospital care contributed to the deaths of 180,000 patients in Medicare alone in a given year.”  Deaths of 180,000 patients was only in 2010 and now the number of deaths has greatly increased according to the article. The article stated that medical mistakes is the 3rd leading cause of death in the U.S.

Well, when I was reading about California hospital article, I saw this Interactive map where it shows infection rates by hospitals. People can check this map to help them be informed about infection rates by hospitals. As I was reading this article California Hospitals Lose Ground In Quality Of Care, Report Card Shows, I learned that some California hospitals received a C or worse for patients safety. I did not know this information; I’m glad to know. I also read about kidney failure and I found this word I didn’t know, Dialysis. According to MedicineNet.com, Dialysis is “The process of removing waste products and excess fluid from the body.” Once a person’s kidney fails, they require dialysis to help and assist them. This article Geography is destiny in deaths from kidney failure, study shows, there’s less likelihood of getting the right kind of dialysis and there’s risk of dying. End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is the very last stage of kidney disease; this basically means that the kidney no longer works; therefore, a person might need dialysis to assist them.

  • Interactive map: Used for the public to check infection rates by hospitals according to How Many Die From Medical Mistakes In U.S. Hospitals? 
  • Dialysis: “The process of removing waste products and excess fluid from the body.” according MedicineNet.com
  • End-Stage Renal Disease: Last & final stage of chronic kidney disease; kidney no longer works


Johns Hopkins Medicine. “Geography is destiny in deaths from kidney failure, study shows.” ScienceDaily, 24 June 2015.

Terhume, Chad. “California Hospitals Lose Ground In Quality Of Care, Report Card Shows.” Kaiser Health News.

“Medical Definition of Dialysis.” MedicineNet, http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=2980.

“End Stage Kidney Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention.” Healthline, Healthline Media, http://www.healthline.com/health/end-stage-kidney-disease.






Pharmaceutical Industry Prompt 2

When I clicked on the website, it took me to a basic introduction section. The information of the site that is most relevant and consumer friendly to me is the section where it talks about introduction part,  Product Claim Advertisements, and Prescription Drug Advertising: Questions to Ask Yourself.

Why? Because I think that to me, this is consumer friendly. For the introduction part, it gives general information about the site and helps consumer searching through this web understand the purpose of the site.  Basics of Drug Ads section of the site was also most relevant and consumer friendly because it is very clear and understandable information to consumer. The last section that I found most relevant and consumer friendly was the part where it have questions to ask yourself which is very consumer friendly. For instance, it makes people think about what drugs they’re taking and how it affects them. I think that consumers might still be at risk is because not everything ( drugs ) is approved by the FDA. Many people are selling drugs that are not effectively safe; selling these drugs illegally leads consumers to be at risk from purchasing drugs that are not safe and aren’t approved.


PhotoVoice part 1

My idea for this project is to create a PowerPoint. In this power point, I will use photos that I will take. I will take the photos of food before I eat them. I will mostly take photos of food that I personally will eat or popular food.  I will compare the unhealthy food photos with healthy food photos. I will go to fast food restaurant with friends and see what they order. Then I will also go to non-fast food restaurant. After doing all these, I will research how much calories each meal has and I’ll compare it. I will see the difference and I will answer the question “Why is it so difficult to be healthy/easy to be unhealthy?”, “How healthy IS it?”,  or “who has the upper hand and how?” I would do this project by experiencing different food and examining why are unhealthy food popular and what are the causes of this?

Illness & Mortality

Making the best choice for a loved one because they’re aging or sick is hard. We have to look for the best places that our loved one can go for senior assisted care living or best place to take them when they’re sick. During this time, it is hard to find the best resources because death or sickness can be sudden sometimes.  If we do not know much about the many options we have, we might make a poor choice. Doing a bit of research before the time comes can be helpful. Being informed on many options is helpful when those times come in our way.

I found this web called Aging & Long Term Care of Eastern Washington. What I found most immediately helpful is that the website have a lot of common questions to click on if someone wants to know the answers. For instance, it has questions that many consumers would like to know. One of the questions it has there is “what kinds of services are available for seniors and people with disabilities?” In addition, there are other questions answered that many people have.

What lead to more questions than answers was about their medical insurance. When I clicked on where it said “medical insurance”, I was a bit confuse what SHIBA was. There was some information about SHIBA; however, I was not quite sure what SHIBA was as I have never heard of it. I had more questions about what exactly it was so I did a bit of research on my own. I found out a lot more information about this program once I searched. Other than having more questions about SHIBA from a first glance, I found this website somewhat useful. My suggestion to people would be to look somewhere else if the website was not useful or if it was useful but they just have more questions about the program. I suggest to do research if there are questions they want answered.

“Aging, disabled, Medicaid, applications, help, information, disabilities.” Aging and Long Term Care of Eastern Washington, http://www.altcew.org/aging-disability-resources-senior-information-assistance/.


GB #3

For this third glossary building, I have read about food. As I was reading about added sugars, I learned that people consume lots of added sugars without realizing it. The article I read also state that overconsumption of sugar is not good for people’s health. This article I read Added sugar is hiding in 74% of packaged foods, it says that a lot of the food we eat contains sugar and that it is hard to see it on the food label as there are 61 names for sugars. Therefore, it is hard for people to know how much they are consuming.  Even healthy looking food can contain lots of sugar according to the article. Also, I have seen the word “processed foods” a lot and what I read about processed foods surprised me because when I thought of processed foods, I thought differently than what the word really means according to the article What is a Processed Food? You Might Be Surprised!

One of the words I found that I think consumers should know is added sugars. According to sugar science, added sugar means specifically any sugar added during preparation of foods, in the processing plan, and or at the table. Many of us eat added sugar because it is everywhere. Usually whenever I look at the food label, I often see “added sugar”.  As I was going through the PowerPoint, I saw this acronym GRAS. I did not know what it was so I searched it. This acronym stands for Generally Recognized as Safe. This is used in the food industry a lot as they have to determine which food is safe and what not. According to the U.S. Food & Drug Administration, use of food substance can be generally recognized as safe through scientific procedures. There are other ways to determine when food substance can be GRAS. The last word I chose is processed foods because I think it will be helpful for consumers to know what it really means. Also, it will be nice to know what exactly are processed foods. I have heard of this word many times; however, something else came in mind. When I heard “processed foods”, I thought of junk food or something sweet like snacks. However, I found out that processed foods means that any little change made before it is consumed. I was surprised but also glad to know this information. Drying, cooking, preserving with salt, washing and packaging vegetables is consider processed foods and many other form is consider processed foods according to the article What is a Processed Food? You Might Be Surprised! Basically lots of foods are consider processed if not most.

Added sugars: “Any sugar added in preparation of foods, either at the table, in the kitchen or in the processing plant. This may include sucrose, high fructose corn syrup and others. ” (SugarScience)

GRAS: Stands for Generally Recognized as Safe. Food industry use this to determine safe and unsafe foods.

Processed Foods: “Food processing is any deliberate change in a food that occurs before it’s available for us to eat. It can be as simple as freezing or drying food to preserve nutrients and freshness, or as complex as formulating a frozen meal with the right balance of nutrients and ingredients. ” (What is a Processed Food? You Might Be Surprised! )



“Glossary.” SugarScience.UCSF.edu, 6 Oct. 2014, http://sugarscience.ucsf.edu/glossary.html#.Wgp0SZN94_U

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. “Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS).” U S Food and Drug Administration Home Page, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, http://www.fda.gov/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling/gras/.

“What is a Processed Food? You Might Be Surprised!” Understanding Our Food Communications Tool Kit, Sept. 2010, pp. 1–3.

( http://www.foodinsight.org/sites/default/files/what-is-a-processed-food.pdf )


GB #2

As I was reading about debt, I thought of how many students are taking out loans to pay for their education. In this article, The Top 10 Student Loan Tips for Recent Graduates, there were a lot of useful information that could be helpful for students. In this article, I found a lot of terms that I thought would be important for people to know and especially to those who are borrowing loans. I also read this article called Debts and Deceased Relatives; it was interesting and useful information about relatives’ debts and what happens after they die. What happens once you die and you still owe a lot of money? Does your family have to pay for you?

I have found a lot of terms that I think are important to know. The first one I found to be an important word to know is forbearance. According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, this word means refraining from something such as obligation, debt, or right. Forbearance allows students to postpone their payment or possibly reduce it. The second word I found is debt collector. A debt collector is a person or company that collects money that’s owed to others and in particular if the debts are past-due according to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. According this this article Debts and Deceased Relatives, usually family members aren’t obligated to pay the deceased person’s debts unless their name is on the will. The estate of the deceased person should pay the unpaid debts according to the article. The third term is delinquent. According to Dictionary.com, delinquent means failing to fulfill an obligation or something that’s overdue. According to The Top 10 Student Loan Tips for Recent Graduates, delinquent is when a person fails to pay and it can lead to default. When a person goes into default, their credit score is ruined, government can seize their tax refunds, the amount of money a person owes increases a lot and leads to other problems.

  • Forbearance:  a refraining from the enforcement of something (such as a debt, right, or obligation) that is due  (Merriam-webster.com)
  • Debt Collector:  A person or company that collects debt owed to others ( Consumer Financial Protection Bureau)
  • Delinquent: failing in or neglectful of a duty or obligation or something that’s overdue (Dictionary.com)