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Glossary Post 2

This glossary building post is about food. Food is a huge part of health consumerism from all ranges of the spectrum from advertisements, to ingredients, to prices. Understanding what some of these food terms mean can help up make healthier choices, spend our hard earned money wiser, and decipher what these food labels and food companies are trying to sell us.

The Food & Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for protecting the public health by ensuring the safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation. They are also responsible for advancing the speed at which new medical innovations are made effective. The FDA is responsible to providing recommended daily reference values. These are simply amounts of certain nutrients such as fat, protein, sugar, and carbohydrates that a person should eat in a single day. They are represented on food labels as percentages of daily value (DV). Added sugar is sugar that is added to a food at the table, in the kitchen, or in the manufacturing plant. It is sugar that does not naturally appear in foods and manufacturers add sugar to 74% of packaged foods sold in supermarkets, according to Sugar Science (2017).

  • Added Sugar- Any sugar added in preparation of foods, either at the table, in the kitchen or in the processing plant. This may include sucrose, high fructose corn syrup and others.
  • Food & Drug Administration- Responsible for the safety and security of human and veterinary drugs, products, and devices.
  • Daily Reference Value- Recommendations from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the amount of protein, fat, cholesterol and carbohydrates a person should eat in a day. Food labels are based on these numbers, which is shown as “DV%”


Sugar Science. 2017. Hidden in Plain Sight. Retrieved from http://sugarscience.ucsf.edu/hidden-in-plain-sight/#.Win32WJSy8q