Taking care of the environment has become increasingly more common over the years. Recycling bins everywhere, solar panels, gas emission standards, extra fees for plastic grocery bags, these are all examples of how going green has changed the way some Americans live. “Green” is a marketing term for any good, service, law, or policy that revolves around being eco-friendly. You may see this is restaurants that provide compostable packaging or cars that claim to use less gas and emit less emissions. Sustainability refers to development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. In other words, it means we need to take care of our resources and use them wisely, and what we do use needs to be replaced or reused. Therefore, our future generations will be able to sustain healthy lives as well.
Moral obligation, or what we think we should do. This was a new phrase to me in terms of environmental sustainability. Moral obligation refers to us knowing exactly what needs to be done to make a change or make a choice. This is something that I think we need to take into consideration more because I often find myself over-using a lot of products such as buying plastic straws or getting plastic grocery bags. I know these things contribute to pollution and environmental damage but I still buy it.
- Green- A marketing term for any good, service, law, or policy that revolves around being eco-friendly.
- Sustainability- Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
- Moral Obligation- What we think we should do.
Food has a huge impact on health consumerism which is why the labeling of food is so important. Food labels are regulated by the Food & Drug administration and are required on almost all products sold in your local grocery store. Trans fat is a type of unsaturated fat that is produced industrially by adding hydrogen to liquid oils, making them more solid. “When the Nutrition Facts label says a food contains “0g” of trans fat, but includes “partially hydrogenated oil” in the ingredient list, it means the food contains trans fat, but less than 0.5g of trans fat per serving.” Claiming to have 0g of an ingredient that is in fact in the product is considered to be a health and nutrition related claim. These are claims such as “low fat”, “fat free” “sodium free”, and “sugar free”. They make the product stand out from the rest and make it seem healthier than your other choices. While the amounts may be small, these claims do not mean the ingredient is not present in your food. Because of the confusion, the FDA enforced the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990. This act is the most important piece of food labeling legislation in recent history. It creates the standard at which these claims are held at. For example, “good source of fiber” can only be used when the food contain 10%-19% of the recommended daily value.
Trans Fat- A type of unsaturated fat that is produced industrially by adding hydrogen to liquid oils, making them more solid.
Health and Nutrition Related Claims- Claims such as “low fat”, “fat free” “sodium free”, and “sugar free”.
The Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990- Requires nutrition labeling of most foods regulated by the FDA, and to require that all nutrient content claims and health claims meet FDA regulations.
USDA. 2013. Obesity and Other Health Concerns Lead Food Companies to Step Up Health and Nutrient Claims. Retrieved from https://consuminghealthmatters.files.wordpress.com/2016/05/healthconcernsleadtolabelclaims.pdf
Glossary post 3 will be focusing on age and older persons. Age is inevitable, and how old a person will become is usually determined by life expectancy. The main determinant of life expectancy is age specific death rates of populations. Birth rates and general mortality rates are included as well. These can show us how long the average person in a certain community can be expected to live.
Long- term services and supports (LTSS) include all services and providers that assist in an individual’s daily tasks such as eating, brushing, bathing, cleaning, and taking medications. These services are important because some illness and accidents have made it so that some people need life-long assistance. These services are important to the older generation because many of them may not have families that can tend to them full-time. Many of those utilizing LTSS are baby boomers. This refers to the group of people born in the years after World War II where there was a significant increase in birth rate. America’s health care costs will likely increase as this group of people reach older ages.
- Life expectancy- How old a person will become
- Long-term services and supports (LTSS)- Long-term services and supports provide assistance with activities of daily living.
- Baby boomers- The group of people born in the years after World War II where there was a significant increase in birth rate.
ASAGING. 2014. Aging in the Community. Retrieved from http://www.asaging.org/blog/aging-community-communitarian-alternative-aging-place-alone
KFF. 2015. Medicaid and Long-Term Services and Supports: A Primer. Retrieved from https://www.kff.org/medicaid/report/medicaid-and-long-term-services-and-supports-a-primer/
This glossary building post is about food. Food is a huge part of health consumerism from all ranges of the spectrum from advertisements, to ingredients, to prices. Understanding what some of these food terms mean can help up make healthier choices, spend our hard earned money wiser, and decipher what these food labels and food companies are trying to sell us.
The Food & Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for protecting the public health by ensuring the safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation. They are also responsible for advancing the speed at which new medical innovations are made effective. The FDA is responsible to providing recommended daily reference values. These are simply amounts of certain nutrients such as fat, protein, sugar, and carbohydrates that a person should eat in a single day. They are represented on food labels as percentages of daily value (DV). Added sugar is sugar that is added to a food at the table, in the kitchen, or in the manufacturing plant. It is sugar that does not naturally appear in foods and manufacturers add sugar to 74% of packaged foods sold in supermarkets, according to Sugar Science (2017).
- Added Sugar- Any sugar added in preparation of foods, either at the table, in the kitchen or in the processing plant. This may include sucrose, high fructose corn syrup and others.
- Food & Drug Administration- Responsible for the safety and security of human and veterinary drugs, products, and devices.
- Daily Reference Value- Recommendations from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the amount of protein, fat, cholesterol and carbohydrates a person should eat in a day. Food labels are based on these numbers, which is shown as “DV%”
Sugar Science. 2017. Hidden in Plain Sight. Retrieved from http://sugarscience.ucsf.edu/hidden-in-plain-sight/#.Win32WJSy8q