Category Archives: Uncategorized

Consumer Protection & Regulation Prompt One

The area that I chose to focus on for consumer health and this weeks topic of protection and regulations is within the automobile industry. I personally have dealt with this issue with Ford. I have a 2012 Ford Focus and I bought it in 2015. When I test drove the car, there was no issue during the that point in time. Then six months down the road, the car started to stutter when I would drive.

To elaborate, the newer models of Ford Focuses and Fiestas are made with a transmission that is automatic but acts as a manual (if that makes sense). It would shutter because the transmission would not move into gears quick enough – for example, as I would accelerate, the gears would not change quick enough to allow for a smooth transition. This was one of the first recalls that I had received for the car was for a faulty transmission.

To date, I have received five different recalls for my car since I purchased it in early February 2015. I have received two recalls for the transmission, one for the emergency breaks, one for the door latch, and one for one of the many computers that control the basic functions of my car. The recall for the computer was a pretty significant one because it was the computer that controlled the transmission and it had died. My transmission had over heated which caused my car to break down on the freeway in the evening and I was by myself trying to make it home.

As a consumer, I would have liked to know if there were any issues that I would face or if these issues were to happen, the issues would be fixed beforehand. Granted, all of the issues were fixed and covered by Ford – however, these issues could have caused larger issues. For example, what if I had caused an accident or anything along those lines? I think that as a consumer for an automobile, I should be told all of the information for the vehicle before hand because then I could have purchased another vehicle. The law that would have been beneficial to know is the United States Code for Motor Vehicle Safety (Title 49, Chapter 301) defines motor vehicle safety as “the performance of a motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment in a way that protects the public against unreasonable risk of accidents occurring because of the design, construction, or performance of a motor vehicle, and against unreasonable risk of death or injury in an accident, and includes nonoperational safety of a motor vehicle.” I feel that this law would have showed me that my life would have been protected since the car had so many “unknown” problems at the time.


Glossary Building #2

In the Overview of Nutrition PowerPoint the term eating patterns is used to describe food choices. After closely examining and considering the different aspects that go into eating patterns my understanding of the term is not solely dependent on what one person simply wants to eat. Eating patterns include preference, habit or tradition, social pressure, availability, convenience, economy, emotional needs, values or beliefs, attitudes, nutritional value and outside incentives.

Again in the Overview of Nutrition PowerPoint the term food culture is introduced. I was a bit confused with the term and considered the terms independently. Foods meaning any nutritious substance that people or animals eat or drink, or that plants absorb, in order to maintain life and growth. Then culture meaning the ways we believe, act and think. Together, my interpretation of the term food culture refers to the way we believe, act or think about any nutritious substance that people, animals and plants eat or drink in order to maintain life and growth. Simply put, food culture refers to the way we think, believe or act in regards to food.

In the same powerpoint, Overview of Nutrition, the term portion distortion is used. The term is followed by the question, “How much BIGGER are we eating?” which led me to think about what portion distortion meant. Individually, portion, refers to a helping, fraction or divide. Then distortion refers to misrepresentation or bend. Together, my interpretation of the term portion distortion would then mean the misrepresentation of a helping with regards to food. Basically, in this way our vision of what is an adequate serving or helping size does not accurately reflect what is healthy.

Consumer Protection & Regulation: Prompt 1

After looking over the different articles I found the article concerning Walmart’s announcement to phase-out hazardous chemicals most intriguing. Since I had found out that I was pregnant I became very cautious and aware of the products I utilized as a consumer. I also plan to be this way when my little guy is born and it is eye-opening to see that products used everyday and of such popular brands have such harmful chemicals in them.

As a consumer I feel that I am not protected as much as I would like to be. This is because labels are just that labels. They hopefully reveal all that is in a product, but they also provide so much information on them that a consumer would be overwhelmed with the amount they’d have to Google before purchasing that item. For myself, I look at labels and for the most part it is a lot of language, so I Google what I don’t know. It would probably be in my best interest to learn or become better familiar with the Environmental Protection Agency, the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics, the Toxic Control Substances Act, and the Safer Chemicals, Healthy Families coalition. All of these agencies and acts were introduced in the article provided by USA Today, which can serve as a great introduction to the issue. The knowledge of these agencies and acts combined with knowledge of products or chemicals that are hazardous to us are what can help us be healthier consumers. This issue is a lot to consider when going shopping for day-to-day products, but even simple awareness like looking closer at labels can really help us be better consumers for ourselves and those we care about.

CP&R Prompt 1

Like many of the other people in this class, I chose to discuss chemicals and hazardous materials in cosmetic products. I am not the most astute or knowledgeable in this area, but I do use quite a lot of makeup. There are a few laws and agencies that protect consumers that buy makeup including the Bureau of Consumer Protection and the FDCA (Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act). The BCP protects customers from unfair and fraudulent business practices while the FDCA gives businesses regulations and standards about the safety of the products.

What other consumers should know includes what is in the makeup we choose to buy and use as well as how to be a smart consumer. Doing research can really help protect individuals as consumers and can make a consumer more inclined to make smart decisions about what they choose to buy. This does not just apply to makeup and other cosmetics but any type of product in general. I also believe it is important to know that not all companies abide by the standards or they do the bare minimum to make their products desirable. Overall, I believe that we as consumers must pay more attention to the laws that are their to protect us as well as the lack of regulations.


CP&R Prompt 1

When I think back to what I used to be served in the school cafeteria back when I was in elementary school to what I was served in the last two years of high school (I graduated in 2014), there is a very notable difference. In elementary school I would have burritos, chicken strips, hamburger sliders, a square piece of pizza, and for dessert/treats there would sometimes be frozen fruit juice bars or a treat I especially loved: birthday cake. A small, sugary, frosting filled mini birthday cake all for me. I never thought the food was bad (sometimes), but now as an adult and looking at the things I was served as a child, it seems to have been loaded with trans fat, sugar, and sodium.

In the latter half of high school when the new standards for school meals were being implemented, I still thought the food was good (sometimes–most of the time lol) but it was no longer as greasy or salty or sugary. Those treats I had liked seem to have been taken out. The food included more whole grain and there was a variety of fruits and veggies daily that I could choose from.

True, we missed some of the old things that were once served (like mini birthday cakes), but it was for the better. For some students, school food is the only reliable meal they have and if the only food they are being served is full of trans fat and sodium, then that meal is doing them more harm than good.

I do believe that student’s health is better protected than it once was with the new regulations and standards. The only thing is that I don’t believe (I could be wrong) that we have been told the ingredients or calories the foods served in schools have. However, I did find the following page from USDA that has bulleted points on the precautions it takes over school food and some of the options they offer within each food group.


CP & R Prompt One

After reviewing a few articles under the consumer protection & regulations page, I decided to talk about the recall on Toyota vehicles that needed replaced parts for their brakes on certain vehicles. As a consumer, I do feel safe just because many car industries do recall their vehicles to have certain areas fixed on them, and fix them with no charge for you. I did not know that Toyota does not need an approval from the NHTSA to undergo such actions to their vehicles. The NHTSA would be an agency I would learn more about, just because I would like to know more about their involvement in the vehicle industry. This is something I would make all consumers aware of, which can help make certain decisions if needed.

Morning Challenge

Wednesday: The very first day of the challenge was not terrible like assumed it would be. I have never been much of a morning person, and for some reason often do not have a morning appetite (Breakfast is not my favorite meal). because i open up a coffee shop at 6 AM every other morning i have needed to get into some sort of routine. But this doesn’t fix the fact that i once in a while skip some things when i wake up a little late. i always  brush my teeth and wash my face, so this was not too hard. i have very curly hair so i always try to tame it before going out into public. The two hardest parts about this challenge was drinking water and abstaining from sugary drinks first thing (Again! i work at a coffee shop). Making myself drink water did help in how much i craved other beverages throughout the day, but i did give in early and had my daily dose of sugary caffeine. Maybe the next day will work better.

Thursday: I  did not need to work early this morning so i slept in a little later. I brushed my teeth and held a warm wet cloth on my face; which always makes me feel refreshed and threw my hair in a bun.This day i had an early Pilates class at 9Am so i filled a water bottle and made myself drink most of it on my way to class. this really helped me focus in class and feel less dehydrated after. i also noticed i craved less sugar. because i had a short break between classes i decided to drink a hot tea instead of a coffee. This did not bother me as much as i thought it would.

Friday: Friday was much like Wednesday’s work day except i was feeling a little more tired in the morning. teeth, face and hair we similar, but i skipped the water. when i got to work i noticed how much i craved water, so i made large 24 oz cup of water and made myself drink it throughout my morning shift. i was surprised how much it effected my mood and energy. Days that i drink only coffee at work i notice how tired i am when i go to finish the rest of my day at school. After drinking water i had energy as well as an appetite. i would like to keep this routine.

Saturday: For the first time in a while i have a Saturday off of work. Because it was the first day of could sleep in a little longer, i did not worry about waking up to brush my teeth, wash my face and tame my hair. in fact the only thing i did was brush my teeth and instead took a shower (which is also a great way for me to wake up). I skipped the water first thing and got a coffee. Man! did that give me a headache. at this point i am not sure if i crave coffee or sugar because i want it, but because it was a part of my routine for so long.  My headache caused me to switch to water all day.

Sunday: Sunday was a lazy homework day. it was beautiful outside, but i found myself sliding out of bed as slow as i could, much like Saturday. After washing my face and brushing my teeth, i made tea instead of just water. in fact i had a few cups of tea throughout the day. i noticed i had no headaches and no caffeine crashes. It was refreshing to be able to find energy in something that also makes you feel clean and clear.

This challenge is something i plan to incorporate more into my life so i can continue feeling the positive impact. it is a great feeling when you take the extra time to take care of yourself in even the smallest ways

Challenge 1 – Accepted!


This morning I went to the bathroom again after already going in the middle of the night, which happens every night. I went back to bed and sipped on some water before finally getting the day started. After feeling my little guy kicking up a storm I got out of bed, washed my face, brushed teeth, brushed my hair and needed something to eat. I fixed the bed, grabbed my water and drank it while I looked for something to eat. I finally landed on some Honey Nut Cheerios and I was over my water. I can only hold off for so long.



I was in a rush this morning because I had to leave my apartment for them to pave our parking lot. We were informed they’d start at 7:45am, but they decided to start at 6:45am. I grabbed my water, brushed my teeth and brushed my hair in a hurry. As I packed up my stuff I sipped on my water, grabbed snacks for the road and rushed out the door. I finally was on the road and in need of some food. I ate all my snacks and reached for my water only to find it was empty. I was pretty upset, but once I got to my parents I filled up my bottle and was peachy.



Today I was better prepared to leave on my time because they were still working on our parking lot. I grabbed my water, brushed my teeth and brushed my hair. After fixing the bed I still had time to sit and eat something, so I went for the cereal and a banana. Water didn’t need to hold me over today, but I drank a ton of it since it was leg day.



I woke up much later than normal today. I got out of bed, fixed it and went to the bathroom. I looked at the time and I needed to get to the gym. So I brushed my teeth and hair and looked for something quick to grab on my way out. I rushed out the door with 2 applesauce pouches in hand, but eventually realized I forgot my water bottle. I stopped by Safeway to grab a bottle of water, but I had already eaten my applesauce. It was a pretty busy day of cleaning after the gym and I don’t think I drank enough water because my mind went from one task to another.



Today I woke up quite early. I had to get to church by 8:30 so I was already up and at it. I fixed the bed and headed to the bathroom, brushed my teeth, fixed my hair and glammed up just the slightest. I grabbed my water bottle and checked the time. As I sipped on my water I noticed I had some time to eat something so I grabbed a bowl and poured out some cereal. When I finally left I remembered my water bottle today! I drank lots of water throughout the day cheering on the Seahawks and watching football with my dad.


Healthcare Prompts:

Prompt 1

I believe the best aspect of the current ACA is the amount of access and coverage that has been added and improved for all Americans, but women and children specifically. With the current ACA, women now have access to all kinds of health and maternity health services that can severely impact the quality of their lives and their families lives in very positive ways. Services offered to women currently no matter their SES, include Family planning, Preventative services (Birth control, Cancer Screenings), Maternity Services, Prescription drug coverage gaps and more. Children can now stay on their parent’s medical coverage until age 26. Through Medicaid, young, uninsured individuals and families can access services that are targeted to improve health and well-being. I believe the best opportunity for improving the way the law works for most ordinary consumers is to make Americans more aware of their options. It is possible that most uninsured individuals are unaware of options and services available to them. If Americans knew what they qualified for they may save themselves a lot of stress and worry. I believe the next step is to improve the number of qualified applicants utilizing these services while they last. They goal is to make sure all Americans have the right to lead happy. healthy lives.

I believe the best thing for a friend to know is that they should always apply for Medicaid or an insurance coverage plan even if THINK they don’t qualify. According to, Some states have expanded their Medicaid programs to cover everyone with incomes below a certain level. Other states have yet to do this. So, if you qualify for Medicaid all depends on if your state has expended their program. You can qualify for Medicaid based on factors such as, your income, household size, disability, family status, and other factors. Every state has different eligibility standards. If the state you live in has not expanded their Medicaid, and you believe your income qualifies for Medicaid, make sure to still apply for medical coverage because you may qualify for another coverage plan. If your state did not expand Medicaid and you do not qualify for any standards, you can receive care at a nearby community health center. The health care law has expanded funding to community health centers, which provide primary care for millions of Americans. Long story short, it is a great idea to always apply for medical coverage no matter your status. It is possible you qualify for more than you think! (Medicaid & Chip, If we were to lose Medicaid expansion thousands of individuals and families would lose their coverage and any chance at decent health care (50- State Look at Medicaid Expansion, 2017).

Prompt 2

Before now I had no idea what the CBO was. I know now that it stands for the Congressional Budget Office. I also know now that this senate bill will cause many deserving individuals and families to become uninsured and the ability to obtain health coverage will become much more difficult. The view of healthcare will be less of a right. As an aspiring Public Health professional, the future I see is one where everyone can find access to the services and healthcare they need to ensure healthy bodies and well-beings. I see health being a right opposed to a luxury. With a bill like this, more people will feel the bad than the few that will feel the good. We can hope that those who are still uninsured take advantage of all that we currently have before we see things change drastically.

A 50-State Look at Medicaid Expansion. (2017, July). Retrieved October 09, 2017, from

How to Qualify For Medicaid and CHIP Health Care Coverage. (n.d.). Retrieved October 09, 2017, from

Health Care: Prompt Two

To be completely frank, I have never heard of a CBO report. After reading the summary and perusing through the actual report I learned a great deal about our current state of health care insurance and possibly the future of our health care. The CBO report bluntly states that while the new law will decrease federal spending by $321 billion dollars it will also increase the number of uninsured by 22 million. It is important to know that by enacting the Better Care Reconciliation Act of 2017 we would be taking away insurance from many individuals. It would nearly eliminate government spending on healthcare and place control of healthcare insurance in the hands of private sectors or markets. Although it will decrease federal spending it will increase individual private out-of-pocket spending for the consumers. Overall, this new legislation would benefit the more fortunate than the less fortunate. This is the basic gist of the report and I would certainly like to know more about specific terms.

For someone reading it like myself who isn’t completely versed in this language or terminology I would like to understand what it all really and truly means. For example, what does it mean to be or not be enrolled in nongroup coverage? Or what does the appropriation of funds for cost-sharing subsidies mean? And what will define the difference between low and high health expenditures? It also mentions waivers to change the structure of subsidies for nongroup coverage or the specifications for essential health benefits (EHBs), what does this look like and what are considered essential health benefits? I would also like to know what the CBO report looks like under the current law. I currently benefit from our current healthcare law and plan on acquiring more knowledge about how I’ll be affected. I definitely could look at the related publications provided at the end of the summary as well as doing some scholarly searching.