Category Archives: photovoice

Photovoice- Birth Control

Bedsider-Birth-Control-Effectiveness-Poster01-IUDChart-final.nocrop.w710.h2147483647Screen Shot 2017-07-30 at 3.21.03 PMScreen Shot 2017-07-30 at 3.25.10 PM

For this photo series I decided to discuss something that is very important to me both as a female and as a young adult in college. Sexual health is not only something very important to be educated on, but also to keep up with on a personal level. While sexual health is a natural part of our lives, it is also a large consumer market. Birth control methods are great money-makers in the modern world, but for most people, these methods are also a necessity. I took the time to do some research about what information this “market” is giving us, as well as whether the information is helpful to the consumer or not.

Choosing a birth control method can be very overwhelming today, with its myriad of options, but there is actually a ton of very simple and helpful resources that make the decision much easier. For my first photo I chose to insert a chart from Bedsider which lays out all of one’s birth control options, as well as their ranked effectiveness and how likely pregnancy is to occur. Though extremely simple, as a consumer I really appreciated how they chose to lay out the information. Although it is not a complete picture of each method, a chart like this is a great first step in showing consumers their options. I also loved their emphasis on condom use along with all forms of birth control for STI prevention. Upon using the chart, it became clear that intra-uterine devices were the most effective form of birth control on the market and decided to further research the options within this category. The second chart listed all available IUDs on the market along with the hormones they use and how much, as well as the length of time each brand is effective for. The asterisks (*) provided the information that further studies have found that some of these devices last longer than originally marketed for. I felt this chart was a great resource for consumers to decide what brand they could further research to best suite their needs, as well as a provided a platform to research levonorgestrel and its affects. I decided to look into the two most common brands, Mirena and Paraguard.

Each brand had its own website with features such as cost, who it works best for, frequently asked questions, side effects, etc. I decided to screen grab the side effects page from each brand because I felt as a consumer I would want to compare and contrast these important issues. Overall, I had a great experience in the so-called birth control market. It is rare, as a consumer, to feel that the products and the information they provide are truly after your best interest; however, it truly seemed to me that these brands wanted to provide all possible information for their consumers to make an informed decision for their sexual health. This market lays out all the choices for the consumer and provides substantial information for each one. Though it did seem that specific brands within one category may have tried to compete in price, all brands provided necessary information and made it clear that their brand may not be the best option for some people. All areas that I researched within this market also emphasized the importance of speaking to one’s healthcare provider to discuss your best options.

I thoroughly enjoyed using photos to discuss a consumer market in the world of health, or sexual health more specifically. As someone who is an active consumer in this particular marketplace, I had never actually done this much research. Sexual health is something that I believe to be extremely important and I was surprised at how much I had learned after doing research and finding these photos. Reading about all the different methods on the market and seeing birth control from a consumer’s perspective really broadened my knowledge of the options I have as well as the importance of being educated. I had never before thought to read about a hormone and the effects of each dosage of it, nor had I considered the effectiveness of different forms of prevention. In every day life, I often get frustrated by all of the different brands and options that we are given every day. Is Mr. Clean better than Scrubbing Bubbles? Is Ben and Jerry’s cheaper than Tillamook? Why can’t their just be one great brand for everything that we need? But thoroughly reviewing each IUD brand, I realized the importance of options. No two people are the same and what works for some may not work for others. I became more appreciative of the options we have today, and my faith in humanity was slightly restored as I read about brands that truly want the best for their consumers. Using these photos provided a glimpse into the great experience I had with researching this market, and I think visual displays are a great learning tool. A picture is worth a thousand words, right?

Photovoice Project

I wanted to reflect on some of my dietary/health choices and how some of the choices effect my Crohn’s Disease. The things I chose to focus on were: Dairy products like ice cream sandwiches or milk, alcohol, Coca-Cola, and use of tobacco products. The questions I chose to focus on were “How healthy is it” and “Do I really know what I need to to make a healthy choice?” In most of the pictures, I focused on the nutritional information because this is the most important part of the decision making. Personally, I tend to ignore the nutrition facts because my metabolism hasn’t caught up to me yet. But I’m aware of the dietary changes that my mom has made, and how well they worked, so that isn’t the best excuse either. I have the ability to know whatever I need to know, I just don’t take advantage of that ability. I think this indifference is the cause of many consumer problems we see today, either because we aren’t motivated to learn the information, or because we don’t care about the consequences. Subjects like obesity and hard drug use come to mind.

Most of these choices I focused on are unhealthy in a general sense, or unhealthy specifically for me. Dairy is the only food product in my project that most people can consume without negative consequences in my list, but Crohn’s ruins that for me. Not only does dairy cause acne, but it messes with my stomach quite a bit. Alcohol, soda, and tobacco products are bad choices for my health with or without Crohn’s.

Alcohol has negatively effected my family in the past on multiple occasions, so I try to be careful with the prevalence of my consumption. Not only do I have a high risk of addiction, but my liver isn’t a fan of my choices either.

Soda (or my preference, Coca-Cola) has plenty of acidity and 39 grams of sugar. I know that it will bother my stomach and erode the enamel on my teeth over time. I quit a few years ago, but I always get it while out for food.

Tobacco products aren’t even a health question. Even though I’m only a social smoker, the negative effects are not going to disappear. You don’t need to smoke on a daily basis to experience the problems associated with nicotine and other chemicals.

Taking the pictures helped me to reflect upon the bad choices I’m making as a consumer. Not only is the information widely available on the internet, but there are clear labels in front of my face as I consume the products I’m speaking of. The prevalence of information does not correlate with the consumer actually having knowledge of the information. Although economists operate under the assumption that consumers have full market knowledge, we acknowledge this is not true. My generation and the generations after us will be blessed with the ability to learn about anything we please. As different services become more technologically advanced and complicated, it will be our responsibility to improve upon our understanding and help others do the same. Although we will continue to use the internet primarily for social interaction, I hope that more of the population can learn to evaluate the things they consume like we have in this class. Add this to the list of classes that high-schoolers should take before going out into the real world, because consumer health… matters.

*unable to upload pictures or powerpoint, emailed instead.

Photovoice: “Moderate Drinker”

What are healthy drinking habits? Where is the line between moderate and excessive drinking? Do we know what we need to in order to make healthy choices when it comes to drinking alcohol? What is socially acceptable vs. the recommended dietary limit of alcohol? What’s the typical discourse? I don’t believe most consumers know exactly what the limits of drinking are in order to make informed and healthy choices. I think the common knowledge and typical discourse is that one drink is equal to one serving, no matter the ABV content, what it’s been mixed with, or how big the glass is. This is incorrect, and many people might be drinking excessively without even being aware. In this post, I hope to give you the information you need in order to make healthier drinking decisions. And in doing so, we can change this discourse regarding healthy drinking habits when we celebrate with our friends and family.

This photo is of a beer sample my mom had while we were out to eat. The beer was 4.5%, she had one, and I drove us all home since I had none. She did not drink anything else for the rest of her evening. “Moderate drinking.”


According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, moderate drinking is considered 1 drink per day for women, and up to 2 drinks per day for men. “In comparison to moderate alcohol consumption, high-risk drinking is the consumption of 4 or more drinks on any day or 8 or more drinks per week for women and 5 or more drinks on any day or 15 or more drinks per week for men. Binge drinking is the consumption within about 2 hours of 4 or more drinks for women and 5 or more drinks for men” ( I believe there is a huge disconnect between what is considered healthy moderate drinking, and what is socially acceptable, and what is marketed to us.
Now let’s define what 1 drink is according to the CDC:
• 12 ounces of beer (5% alcohol content).
• 8 ounces of malt liquor (7% alcohol content).
• 5 ounces of wine (12% alcohol content).
• 1.5 ounces or a “shot” of 80-proof (40% alcohol content) distilled spirits or liquor (e.g., gin, rum, vodka, whiskey). (

One of these beers is 8% and the other is 8.6%. These were from my fridge.


The alcohol content in these beers proves the disconnect between what we’re being sold, and what is actually a healthy amount of alcohol. And the discourse about this, is not healthy. We want the higher ABV, we think we’re getting more bang for our buck, and we don’t consider the health effects. If I were to have one of the beers from my fridge every night, that’s too many since they are over 8%. And if I were to drink one of those a night, that would be more like 1 ½ beers a night, which would be 10 ½ drinks per week. And that’s “high risk” drinking for a woman. I honestly believed that if I had one I was okay, and I never considered the ABV content of my drinks. My husband, and close friends all buy the higher ABV drinks, because our habits are unhealthy, and we have no real concept of moderate drinking. Our discourse about what healthy drinking is, is non-existent. And I think it’s safe to say that American’s have a portion control problem when it comes to their alcoholic beverages—in addition to everything else we consume. More information brings greater autonomy. I hope I have provided the facts in a simple manner so that you can apply them to your life, and make healthier decisions about drinking.

PhotoVoice Project

Coffee is the life blood of the modern world, and probably has been seen the birth of civilization. Coffee’s heritage can even be traced back to the ancient plateaus of Ethiopia (, 2017). The actual cultivation and trade of coffee began in the Arabian Peninsula in the 15th-16th century, coffee became was known as the Wine of Arabia (, 2017). Coffee arrived in Europe in the 17th century and quickly gained popularity across the continent (, 2017). In England, coffee houses were referred to as Penny Universities, because of the low cost of the beverage and the interesting conversation that could always be found there (, 2017). Finally, once coffee had reached the British colonies that later became the United States and the events of the Boston Tea Party took place, coffee quickly became the American drink of choice (, 2017).

“Coffee – the favorite drink of the civilized world.” – Thomas Jefferson


Processed with VSCO with a9 preset

To answer my first question, “What choices do I have?” Well, the answer is both simple and complicated. There are lots of companies to buy from, and many sources of coffee beans (, 2011). Conversely, despite all the different flavors of coffee that is advertised, there are actually only two types of coffee (, 2011). The two types of coffee bean are Arabica and Robusta. Arabica makes up about 70% of all coffee beans sold and Robusta, which is cheaper, is typically used in instant coffee (, 2011).



My second question is “Who’s selling me what?” In the US, there is really only five top brands that dominate the market: Keurig, Folgers, Starbucks, Maxwell House and Dunkin’ Donuts (, 2015). Of course, there are many independent coffee brands in the market, but none of them come close to the leading five. Besides that, they most likely buy their coffee from the same distributors or producers. Here is a list of top 10 coffee producing countries (, 2016).:

Rank                           Country                                           Coffee Produced in Kilograms

10                                Guatemala                                                    224,871 US tons

9                                  Mexico                                                           257,940 US tons

8                                  Uganda                                                          314,489 US tons

7                                  Honduras                                                      380,296 US tons

6                                  India                                                               385,786 US tons

5                                  Ethiopia                                                         432,287 US tons

4                                  Indonesia                                                      814,629 US tons

3                                  Colombia                                                       892,871 US tons

2                                  Vietnam                                                         1,818,811 US tons

1                                  Brazil                                                              2,859,502 US tons



Coffee is a $100 billion industry, second only to oil (, 2011). I found it interesting to learn that there are only two kinds of coffee bean, even though coffee is made out to be more diverse by coffee companies. Per the National Association of Coffee USA, Arabica beans are grown at very high altitudes, between 3600-6300 feet above sea level, and are the best beans to be used in coffee beverages.


As a consumer and a coffee enthusiast, it is good to know that Brazilian Arabica coffee beans are the best on the market. Thankfully, Brazilian Arabica coffee is also the most common, which means that it all comes down to how the beans are roasted, which I’m sure is considered some form of a trade secret because I could not find any information on how exactly it is that so many companies, like Starbucks and D&M, can have so much variation in flavor.

The photos used for this project were more artistic in nature, rather than informative. However, they server their purpose since coffee is more artistic than anything else. In a lot of ways coffee’s trade craft resembles that of the beer industry, and it seems to carry a similar narrative with it as well. These photos help to illustrate the majestic beauty of coffee; they capture the exquisite light as it is reflects off the many forms of coffee, unleashing feelings of bliss and happiness. I can accredit these photos to, which is a free license, open source, online photo data base.



Goldschein, E. (2011, November 14). 11 Incredible Facts About The Global Coffee Industry. Retrieved July 26, 2017, from

The History of Coffee. (n.d.). Retrieved July 26, 2017, from

Szenthe, A. (2015, March 08). Top Coffee Producing Countries. Retrieved July 26, 2017, from

Groden, C. (2015, September 29). Here Are the 5 Top-selling Coffee Brands. Retrieved July 26, 2017, from

Free high quality photos · Pexels. (n.d.). Retrieved July 26, 2017, from

Photovoice Project: Healthy Eating Information and Affordability

For my project, I decided to compare the price tags of two foods and two beverages that I considered to be healthy and unhealthy. For my healthy food/ beverage I chose spinach/green mix and Blueberry Monster Odwalla juice. For my unhealthy food/beverage I chose Animal Crackers and Mtn Dew Black Label. I chose foods and beverages that were not on sale and were sold at my town’s most attended grocery store. I set out to answer these questions: “Do I really know what I need to make a healthy choice?” and “Why is it so difficult to be healthy/ easy to be unhealthy?” Here’s how I used my project to answer each question:

Do I really know what I need to be healthy? 

To answer this question, I wrote down my preconceived notions about each item and nutrient on the chosen nutrition labels (Calorie Count, %DV, nutrients). Then I researched the FDA’s recommendations on how to use nutrition labels in order to make healthy eating choices, and what each listed nutrient did for my body. I compared my preconceived notions to my post research in order to educate myself and figure out if I know what I needed to know in order to be healthy.  I found that I did have some of the knowledge that I needed, as I was right about the purpose and function of many items on the nutrition labels. However, I didn’t have much knowledge about the functions of different types of vitamins, the difference between saturated and trans fat, sodium, and carbohydrates. Thanks to my research I am now better informed I now know more of what I need to know in order to be healthy.

Why is it so difficult to be healthy/easy to be unhealthy? 

To answer this question, I compared the price tags of each of the chosen food and beverages. I did this in order to determine whether the unhealthy or healthy item would be the better deal. After converting both food prices to the price per ounce (and using the price-per-unit information places in the bottom left square on each price tag), I found that the animal crackers were 37.4 cents per oz and the spinach and green mix was about 59 cents per oz; therefore the animal crackers were the best deal by weight. Using the same method, I found that the Odwalla juice was about 19 cents per fl oz and the Mtn Dew was about 11.8 cents per fl oz; making Mtn Dew the best deal. In both categories, the unhealthier choice was the least expensive. This is why it’s harder to be healthy, because it’s less expensive to be unhealthy.

It took some of these photo’s while I was at the grocery store, and others while I was at home. I bought nearly all of the items that I used, in order to avoid having to take too many pictures in the store. It was slightly nerve-wracking taking pictures in the store, I felt like I looked suspicious. Which is funny because I don’t think I was doing anything wrong. I suppose I felt like I stood out in my environment, because I was doing something out of the ordinary. I think that approaching the Photovoice project in this can be valuable for someone that wants to know more about the daily choices consumers in this area of public health. It helped me learn more about how to read a nutrition label, what types of nutrients I should try to get a lot of and a little of, and figure out how to get the best deal when two products have different units of measurements. Not only have I learned skills that will help my be a healthier consumer when buying food in the future, I am also more informed of the choices that other consumers must face on a regular basis.


Animal CrackersSpinachMTN Dew

Photovoice: Water Pollution

The issue that I will be focusing on is how it is impacting us as the consumer and how important it is to keep our water clean. Research shows that over half the global population faces a shortage of clean water. What does this mean to the consumer? Well, as consumers we must be willing to take action in not wasting water when it’s not necessary.

Pollution in the water is a major problem in the world considering the fact that there is only a limited amount of water that is drinkable. According to Society (1996) “Freshwater makes up a very small fraction of all water on the planet. While nearly 70 percent of the world is covered by water, only 2.5 percent of it is fresh. The rest is saline and ocean-based. Even then, just 1 percent of our freshwater is easily accessible, with much of it trapped in glaciers and snowfields” (Society, 1996, para. 4). In many cases people as well as our environment need water in order to survive. It is important to keep our water clean and not continue to pollute it. People have to challenge themselves in keeping and conserving what little water we have and in order to do that we must help by not polluting it with garbage and poisons such as lead. According to the World Wide Fund for Nature (2017) “Pollutants like oil, detergents, nitrogen and phosphate from fertilizers and lead can have a tremendous impact on the ecosystem, especially if the water gets polluted. In a lake, for example, it can wreak havoc on the ecological balance by stimulating plant growth and causing the death of fish due to suffocation resulting from lack of oxygen. The oxygen cycle will stop, and the polluted water will also affect the animal’s dependent on the lake water” (World Wide Fund for Nature, 2017, para. 3). There are many choices available to reduce the amount pollution in the world. People must be aware of the different methods to properly dispose of unwanted oils, plastic waste, and lead from ammunition or other sources.


The photos that I took show the amount of toxic pollution and waste that is left behind near or at our lakes and rivers. I decided to photograph a nearby firing range that has a direct water flow into a major lake and a major river that flows straight into the Pacific Ocean. These rivers and lakes are directly being exposed to toxins. Examples include brass that leaves lead which in turn ends up in our lakes and rivers and toxic garbage as shown above. The oil container appears to have been sitting near the river and it was leaking oils into the water (it was disposed of properly when found). The photos presented helped me think about why it is so important to keep our water clean from toxins. I have found that there are many instances in which people leave garbage and toxic waste sitting around which in turn affects our lakes and rivers. Due to these pollutions it affects the ecosystem and in turn affects us.

My experiences of finding and taking photos of pollution within our waters was fairly an easy task. I found that many people do not respect our environment. It may be that they are unware that there is not an unlimited amount of water in the world. I found that the world is covered by about 70 percent of water but only about 3 percent is drinkable. A person must also take into account the ecosystem and how it as well needs water to flourish. It is important that people learn to effectively preserve and take care of our waters and understand what resources are available. According to World Wide Fund for Nature (2017) “Learn where freshwater resources exist; how they are used; and how climate, technology, policy, and people play a role in both creating obstacles and finding solutions” (World Wide Fund for Nature, para. 8).


Apec Water. (n.d.). The Importance of water and Your health. Retrieved July 27, 2017, from

 Society, N. G. (1996). Freshwater Crisis. Retrieved July 27, 2017, from

World Wide Fund for Nature. (2017). Study the effect of pollution on an ecosystem. Retrieved July 27, 2017, from

PhotoVoice: Plastic Bags

Bags have been around the United States since 1979, the United States alone uses 30 billion bags annually. To hit a little close to home Washingtonians, use more than 2 billion single use plastic bags each year. Seattle alone uses 292 million annually and only 13% are recycled (O’Brian, 2017).

Each individual averages about 350 to 500 plastic bags annually (Malissa).


This individual is wearing 500 bags; this gives you an idea on how much each individual in the United States uses plastic bags annually. At first, hearing that an individual uses 350 to 500 bags, you don’t really think much but when you actually see it it’s shocking. You start to imagine all the times you have gone to the grocery stores and start to think about the amount of bags you leave with afterward. All those bags are roaming around our environment affects our health and ecosystem. We might go to the store and say “it’s only one bag it won’t do much” but all those “one bag” adds up. Since the day I took that photo I think of all the plastic bags that I have used and that I need to reduce the amount of bags that I use.

So if only a few plastic bags are being recycled, where are the rest of the plastic bags going?

They tend to end up in landfills, trees, ocean, in the forest and in your home.


I set up the bags this way because it reminds me of my mother’s Heartleaf Philodendron. It is extremely easy to grow just like the pile of bags my parents consume on a weekly basis. They seem to look very harmless like the plant but don’t let that fool you.

All these plastic bags roaming around are not healthy for us and for the environment. Depending on where the plastic bags are they can break down into smaller pieces. When they do break down they are not gone. The smaller pieces that remain are hazardous, they are then consumed by shellfish, fish, turtles, marine mammals, and birds, dogs, and so on. In 2010 a beached gray whale was found to have 20 plastic bags in its stomach (O’Brian, 2017).

From what you read you see that bags are appearing randomly in different areas and millions being used daily. Numbers will continue to increase if something is not being done. Fortunately, we have alternatives.

To reduce the usage of plastic bags, reusable bags are now being produced to replace plastic bags. They are strong, cheap, and last longer. You will reduce the amount of bags and have a cleaner environment. Some stores will reward you for bringing in reusable bags (KCL, 2014). Recycling plastic bags is another choice that you have.


For those who want to start using reusable bags but don’t know what to do with the plastic bags that they have, a good way to get rid of them is by returning them to these locations. If it wasn’t for me taking this photo I would have not been aware that these stores participate in recycling plastic bags. For someone to complete a project like this, it will allow them to see how beneficial it is for them to reduce the amount of plastic bags and they will see that any little change they do, they will help the environment and improve their health.

KCL. (2014, July 20). 8 Retailers That Reward You for Bringing Your Own Bags! Retrieved July 20, 2017, from

Malissa L. (n.d.). Retrieved July 25, 2017, from

O’Brian, M. (2017). Plastic Bag Ban. Retrieved July 24, 2017, from


The NFL football training day officially started yesterday, July 26th, signifying the first beginnings of the football season if finally hear. For many, this is exciting news as it has been a long couple months without being able to sit comfortably on our couches wasting the day away as Sunday Football games take place across the country. However, the controversial thing about football is why do Americas love to partake and support an event that is ruining players lives once they are retired and older.

The real question is how healthy IS this? I know several people who push there own children to play football as kids, but others I hear wont let their kids even think about playing due to the consequence and effects long term.

I have been shooting football pictures for years now and have seen so many injuries that could have gone horribly wrong. I have seen students and heard stories of them be paralyzed and suffer concussions and many other long term effect that have changed their lives forever. I have photographed two plays that I look at thinking if a player had been hit just right, they could have had severe consequences.

One of the games I photographed actually had a student taken off the field and ambulanced to a nearby hospital due to being severely concussed and unable to move off the field. Here are the two photos:


In this one, it is a clean catch, however the player #1 has his arm in between player #92’s arms in which could easily have pulled them both back landing on their spines as well as colliding heads. It just amazes me how this photo is a clean and clear catch but could have been completely different. I never really realized this till after I took the photo, because at the time I was just excited my team made the catch.


This photo was the same game that resulted in a student of the opposite team to be taken to the hospital. He was out of school for a solid year. This photo is another great shot, however, as he was going into the unzone, his body was twisted due to the opposing player trying to knock him out of bounds. However, the player was able to get the ball over the pylon resulting in a touchdown. However, the scoring player could have easily been tangled up and twisted worse than he had been.

But what was I thinking about? We got another touchdown and whether or not I was able to capture the moment perfectly.

Thank goodness, football players have the protection they need and has been improving ever since. However, it has always been this way and the consequences of these players lives, especially the professionals, are not worth it in the end. Football is life for a lot of people. Yet, the main company of the NFL sees the damages that come from the sport and the long-term effects on these player and their families.

The movie concussion came out for a reason and for me, the movie was very eye opening. Ricardo Lockette who played for the Seattle Seahawks two seasons ago, will never play football again in his life. He had only been with the Hawks for about 2 seasons. The moment he was hit on national television, in which many Seattle residence watched, you knew he was out like a light bulb. My thoughts changed right then and there. It was not about the game, it was about, “Did I just watched someone become paralyzed or maybe even die, to entertain me?” This begs me to ask the question of what is being sold to me here?

I am a huge football fan, don’t get me wrong. But after that moment and other stories and watching injury after injury occur in the NFL franchise, it would seem as if there is nothing that can be done. In the end, it is a business, but is the business selling me entertainment or the idea of letting this brutality go on and be okay with it? We put football on such pedal stool in America is what I am saying, and we are okay with supporting people to hurt themselves and get beat up, or in some cases watch peoples hopes and dreams fall when they can no longer walk again. It is a very interesting things to think about and it has stuck with me every season I watch and support my team.

It is a very controversial public health discussion, but I think it is one that all of America needs to think about a little more, without the NFL clouding our judgement and how we look at football.


Helmets can prevent a lot of things, but there is never a 100% guarantee you will walk off the field. It is a risk I have seen every year whether professional or not.

PhotoVoice Plan

For my Photovoice Project I’d like to tackle the issue of Crohns Disease. I’ve essentially ignored the fact that I have it, making very few dietary changes over the last few years. In order to make myself address this problem directly, I’ll research some of the problem areas in my diet and how others handle it. My mother has made multiple serious diet changes herself over the years, and I’d like to learn about those more as well.

Welcome to Week Six – Winding down and taking stock….

As you focus on catching up, and producing a powerful photovoice assignment, take a moment to reflect on the PUBH 209 course objectives outlined in the syllabus. Please review them.

Course Objectives Reflective Prompt – due PW Friday July 28 or LC Sunday July 30
By the LC deadline of next Sunday July 30 at 10pm, post a reflective statement about your progress in consumer health, how meaningful you believe it is for most public health students (or even others) to be able to do the things on the list, and other thoughts about the course objectives, especially as they relate to improving personal and societal health and other outcomes. Use your username and Course Objectives as tags and Reflection as the category. I’ve copied the course objectives here below for your convenience.

Course Objectives: By the end of the course, students will be able to:

  • describe the impact of recent health care legislation on consumers;
  • describe U.S. consumer protection laws, agencies, and strategies;
  • find and use credible information about health-related services & products;‎
  • describe industry influence, fraud, quackery & unscientific claims
  • collect and share qualitative data regarding consumer health
  • outline key historical events that affect people’s choices and outcomes in a given realm of consumer decisions
  • provide and analyze examples of credible, accessible consumer-relevant information and sources, with an emphasis on helping others to distinguish between sources that help and hinder healthy decision making.
  • compare health-related policy and societal decision making in the United States and other locations, as well as across regions of the United States; as a result of comparing these contexts, they will be able to emphasize any apparent links to health behavior, choices, and outcomes.

It is my hope that you find that, through the materials provided to you and the requirements for you to read, think, explore, and write about consumer health-relevant issues and strategies, you can do at least 5 of the listed items very well, at least one other on the list fairly well, and at least one other adequately.

(Keep in mind that at THIS point we still have 1/6 of the class to go, so if there is an item you believe you can not do at all or can only do marginally at best, you still have a week to work on that skill! You may perhaps decide to address that intention in your reflective statement….)