Category Archives: Health Care

Weekly posts

Consumer Protection & Regulation Oct 13/15

As a big consumer of online everything, I thought it was interesting to learn about the Consumer protection regulations that exist for us shoppers. These regulations can be helpful to those who have deposits in their bank, because it can protect them with their confidential information that may be seen by private firms, from taking out a loan with an unknown interest rate, and again, from being a victim of credit card hacking. The regulations are actually very helpful to consumers, because imagine trying to buy something that says it has no interests at all, and then finding out it has a 30% interest rate. I would honestly not be too happy about having to pay a 30% for a loan when I could have searched with a different bank for a smaller interest rate. One of the flaws that is mentioned is that having access to this information will do no good, when most of us are not understanding how to evaluate the financial information given to us. That is why it would be recommended to have a financial advisor that knows a thing or two about buying houses, so that you are able to make the best financial and personal decision on your dream home.

 

Early life and Childhood/Youth Prompt 1: Oct 20/22

 

Since I already used the Babies_Etc_ Slides for my first prompt, I decided to take on the first prompt on the Birth Slides. The first slide starts off the question, who are the consumers? In this case, mothers and father to be and the fetus. Parents to be are especially vulnerable to fall in the trap of thinking they need every single baby item that hits the market. They are also vulnerable to being pushed by other consumers or producers into which birth methods to use. It is very common to have babies at a hospital, since they will have people that can look after them from the moment they find out they are pregnant. There is, however, another popular method to giving birth and that is by having a midwife. Midwifes are to be licensed before practicing, as required by Washington state. Insurance companies cover this method, and Medicaid is one of them. On another note, I always hear mothers ask if they are getting epidural. You know, the big needle placed on the mother’s back prior to giving birth to help ease the intense pains. This needle process is known as an epidural and it is quite common for many mothers that give birth in hospitals. As common as epidurals are, it is also common to ask mothers that question, and it almost seems as if it done to see which mothers are NOT taking the epidural. Why is it so common to hear about epidurals? I would say it is, because many women are scared to have one during their labor due to the scary risks that they hear about. Finally, one of the most important slides that were mentioned (at least to me based on what I read because I have no children to actually know how these things are practiced) was the slide on maternity care. In terms of the baby’s health, it all starts off with the fetus. Babies can be born at full term, but may experience Fetal Alcohol Syndrome if the mother consumed alcohol while pregnant. One of the slides mentions that evidence shows that there is not enough resources for maternity care. It mentions smoking cessation support, which would be fitting for Fetal Alcohol cessation support. It is hard for many mothers to stop the bad habits that can affect their babies before they are even born like smoking, alcohol and drugs, which is why it would be helpful if mothers could find many resources to help them cease these habits (minimum throughout their pregnancy).

 

Financial Health Prompt 1: Oct 27/29

Financial health is just as important as physical and mental health, when it comes to taking care of oneself. I really can’t say what is important about financial health decisions, since I don’t make wise choices when it comes to that either. I can say that speaking for myself and for things that I feel I should always strive to improve on is making sure that I think about what I buy. Regardless of what is it, I tend to buy things without realizing (more like thinking about or acknowledging) that it can harm the environment or even myself. I am big fan of anything makeup, and I realize that I do have to work on buying less of it, especially since I have yet to go through my first eyeshadow palettes that I got years ago (which by the way they just had to be tossed out without being close to it being empty). My point is that we should all work towards consuming just a tiny bit less to help out our wallets, our health, and our mental wellness. My hope is that we can work every day, even if it is in small steps, towards simplicity. I guess that could be a challenge in today’s world of consumerism, but I do think that it is possible to maximize our health status. Policy makers, I think, should focus on the way that products are sold to us, by making sure that no label has even more “hidden” labels. It would make us as consumers really think about what is going into the products that we buy. Though it is a team effort (from policymakers and us as consumers), it is ultimately up to the person that is affected by the product directly and their friends and family to help them make wise choices as consumers. By consuming less, we can avoid financial problems with our credit cards, our housing situation, and even helping out those that may need a boost financially.

 

Prompt 1: Foods in Moderations does work? Nov 10/12

 

Okay, Okay, right off the bat I’d have to agree with the description that the article gives on what most of us consider “moderation”. That one doughnut, or that one pizza night will add up in the long run if that is the way that I eat every single day. “When you are eating something from the same category of non-health foods once a day, it’s not a treat- it’s a habit” (Greatest.com). I definitely see myself as “justified” “moderator”, because I justify all the moderation that I do with my eating, and wow is that a big part of my diet. I tend to justify my eating habits by the amount of exercise that I do at my place of work. I walk at a fast pace all day and only sit to enjoy my breaks, which make me justify the way I eat when I get home, because I must have burned off all those calories right? It is true, that perhaps eating this way may at some point increase all probabilities of getting some sort of diet-related disease, and I should especially consider this because my dad and his family have hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol and other health problems that could be controlled better with a healthier lifestyle.

Retrieved from:https://consuminghealthmatters.files.wordpress.com/2017/04/whyeverythinginmoderationdoesntworkarticle.pdf

Prompt Two Oct6/8

Have you ever read a CBO report, or even a summary of one? Do you know what the CBO is? Consumers really should know about this important piece of our federal government.  CBO stands for Congressional Budget Office, and it provides nonpartisan (meaning not slanted toward either party) information and analyses surrounding bills and laws. Take a look at this agency’s take on the proposed American Health Care Act, that, if signed into law, would replace the ACA. Once you’ve read at least a bit of it, respond to the questions below. What did you learn reading this resource that you think many consumers probably don’t know? What do you want to know now? Where might you find out more?

 

I had never heard of what a CBO report consisted of or what it really meant in terms of a budget report. After doing a bit a research on the topic, I came to the conclusion that the CBO provides as the name states, the budget information to Congress. It is a nonpartisan agency that works with the staff from the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) in providing an estimate of what is spent from the ACA and how reductions in the budget for that program could affect the people and the government. It would reduce the spending of the program by 26% in 2026, yet it would also affect those who benefit from this policy if they became uninsured. One of the things that I learned about this report and this Act specifically is that the reports are very detailed with unbiased information on how the budget is used and how it can be improved. I would want to know about the CBO itself and what it is that is suggested for people to do if the budget is cut and they find themselves uninsured. I know that it is an informative website on budget, but it could also be helpful if they set up links where they could read more about how it affects them and where they can find resources where it’s in their area or online. In this case, I could probably find out more about it by searching other websites, or perhaps even by asking with local health insurance workers (clinics and hospitals).

 

 

 Prompt 1: Illness and Mortality Prompt Nov 17/19

Basic consumer help for illness, long-term care, and death and dying

I decided to type in long term care in the search bar, and the first website that popped up was LongTermCare. Gov. As soon as I clicked on this website, It gave me several links to topics like The Basics, Medicare & Medicaid, Where you Live Matters, How to Decide, Cost & Pay, as well as care according to age. I wouldn’t really say that there is anything that is less helpful, because the website also has links to help you find services and health studies, like Alzheimer’s. If this website didn’t work out, I would suggest for people to look at websites that might specifically cater to their needs or the needs of their loved ones. For example, if someone was only looking for illness care, then I would start off with that search, and if that didn’t work out, I would also try calling my local health care offices.

Retrieved from: https://longtermcare.acl.gov/

 

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Glossary Post

  • VBAC- Vaginal Birth After C-Section 
  • Intervention approach to Birth 
  • Midwifery 

The choice to have a vaginal birth (Natural birth) after a c-section (surgical procedure for delivery through incision) is up for debate. Over the last decade, delivery by c-section has become increasingly common. In some states  women who previously had a C-section delivery are often denied the option of having a vaginal birth their next time. The reasons for this range from hospital policies, to a lack of doctors willing to do it. This is because of the possible medical and legal risks involved. It has been stated that a vaginal birth after c-section is not as risky as original assumed. Roughly half of women who had a c-section report being interested in a vaginal birth. By allowing women to choose how they would like to give birth introduces an opportunity for women to take part in their health care and invest in their bodies. This could make some headway into drawing more attention to women’s health and sexual health.

The previous term can fit in perfectly to the intervention approaches to child birth. Intervention approaches to birth are various assistance by medical provides in the process of pregnancy and birth. This can include c-section, induction, episiotomy, and VBAC bans. These interventions are used for specific medical needs and or hospital policies. Mothers who have of specific medical needs, or who have a birth plan can also receive access to midwifery services. Midwifes are female (usually) nurses trained to assist women in childbirth. They are there to assist women during and post pregnancy to ensure all birth plans run smoothly. Most people do not know that they qualify for midwifery services through their health care insurance. Many insurances in Washington state cover midwifery services. It is important for women, especially mother expecting new babies to be aware of their barriers, options and qualification. We must truly utilize our resources because to could alter our quality of life even in the smallest way. We should get what we pay for.

Sources:

http://beta.latimes.com/health/la-he-0323-hosp-vbac-20100323-story.html

Birth slides

 

Pharmaceutical Industry Prompts/Prompt Two

Direct To Consumers (DTC) is one of the big ways the Pharmaceutical Industry gets people to be aware of their new drugs.   This is done majority of the time through television and probably the Internet also.  DTC striked my attention as I never thought about pharmaceutical advertising since I am not taking any prescription drugs and hope to stay that way.    The following pie chart shows all different ways that a drug(s) is marketed.

pharm-mktg-grab3

Source:   http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/fact-sheets/2013/11/11/persuading-the-prescribers-pharmaceutical-industry-marketing-and-its-influence-on-physicians-and-patients

The following is another example from the World Health Organization (WHO) which caught my attention as I never thought about endorsers as being actors.   I probably don’t recognize all the actors as I do not watch much television.  “In the USA, Democrats in the United States Congress challenged the industry’s use of direct-to-consumer advertising in January 2008, when Congress announced an investigation of several advertisements including the one featuring Robert Jarvik rowing a boat for Pfizer’s cholesterol-lowering Lipitor. A month later Pfizer pulled the ad and Pfizer’s president of worldwide pharmaceutical operations, Ian Read, expressed regret about people getting the wrong impression. Ten months later the pharmaceutical industry announced that it was updating its voluntary standards for direct-to-consumer advertising. It pledged to stop using actors to play doctors, and to make sure endorsers who said they had used a particular drug had actually done so.”

I agree that the endorser who has actually used the drug should advertise so they can talk about their actual experience and this would definitely be consumer friendly.  People would appreciate the advertisements more and possibly use this particular drug also.

Source:  http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/87/8/09-040809/en/

Consumers are still at risk because the following title and example about how much is spent in advertising; I think this is one of the big reasons: “Persuading the Prescribers: Pharmaceutical Industry Marketing and its Influence on Physicians and Patients.   In 2012, the pharmaceutical industry spent more than $27 billion on drug promotion— more than $24 billion on marketing to physicians and over $3 billion on advertising to consumers (mainly through television commercials).  This approach is designed to promote drug companies’ products by influencing doctors’ prescribing practices.”

Source:  http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/fact-sheets/2013/11/11/persuading-the-prescribers-pharmaceutical-industry-marketing-and-its-influence-on-physicians-and-patients

The links through the slides page also mentions that once patent period is gone; other companies make generic form that drug.   This is also in debate though it saves consumers monies who cannot afford expensive drugs.

So in my opinion, if you eat mostly plant-based diet from the time you are young, you can avoid so much of the drug taking.   Of course, along with exercise, limiting processed foods, and junk foods even if they are plant based ingredients.   Many of my friends have changed their diet so can other people.

Glossary Building 4

As people grow older and become elderly, they tend to need more care than younger people do. There are many options out there as to the kind of care that is available depending on how much medical care or assistance an individual needs or if their medical insurance, like Medicaid, covers it. There are many websites out there with information about all of the long term care that ia available for the elderly, but it can be confusing. However, I recommend the DSHS website as it is rather straightforward.

I had heard about a few of the types of care available out there, but didn’t really know what it meant until I had to answer the prompt for illness and mortality. I found it helpful that one of the websites out there explained what some of the terms were. I also found out that there were so many more types of long term care out there than just nursing homes I hadn’t known about. Below I define what some of those types of long term care options are and what the health care coverage Medicaid, that many people have is.

  • Medicaid: a joint federal and state program that helps with medical costs for some people with limited income and resources. Medicaid also offers benefits not normally covered by Medicare, like nursing home care and personal care services (Medicaid).
  • Nursing Homes: a public or private residential facility providing…long-term personal or nursing care for persons (such as the aged or the chronically ill) who are unable to care for themselves properly (Nursing Home).
  • Assisted Living Facilities: facilities in a community setting where staff assumes responsibility for the safety and well-being of the adult. (Long Term Care Residential Options).
  • Retirement Communities: housing exclusively for adults (normally 55 or older). The person is generally healthy…staff at the retirement community does not take on the general responsibility for the safety and well-being of the adult (Long Term Care Residential Options).

References:

Long-Term Care Residential Options. (n.d.). Retrieved November 20, 2017, from https://www.dshs.wa.gov/altsa/residential-care-services/long-term-care-residential-options

Medicaid. (n.d.). Retrieved November 20, 2017, from https://www.medicare.gov/your-medicare-costs/help-paying-costs/medicaid/medicaid.html

Nursing Home. (n.d.). Retrieved November 20, 2017, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/nursing%20home

 

Illness and Mortality: Prompt 1

I found the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services (DSHS) site to be very helpful. There was a page on there called, “Getting Started.” It includes a “What You Need to Know” section. This section included things like explaining the basics of finding adult care, what that includes, and the types of care that are available. There are resources within the website that are helpful to people as it provides links to other pages with more information and has a phone number for people who may want to call in with further questions. Besides the getting started page there is a “Medicaid” and “Long Term Care Housing” page that explains what Medicaid is and how it applies to residential care facilities. The latter page explains the different types of adult care that are available ranging from nursing homes to assisted living facilities to retirement communities, and explains what each of them mean.

Overall, I believe the DSHS website was helpful because it explains all of the terms found within it and how it applies to the subject that is being addressed. My only complaint is that people may get lost in the various pages provided and the links within the pages themselves. However, there is a phone number provided along with the times that people can call in case anyone has further questions.

https://www.dshs.wa.gov/altsa/long-term-care-services-information

 

Pharmaceuticals Prompt 2

On the FDA website I found that some of the information was consumer friendly while other information was not. The first link I clicked on was the getting consumer input link. That took me to a section that discussed why listening to the consumer is important. It also stated that “This site was developed as a collaborative effort between FDA and EthicAd to educate consumers about DTC prescription drug advertisements”. I believe that this is a good start to being more consumer friendly. However, I know that not all people have the same education level or understanding of health terminology which can limit how well someone understands what is said during drug advertisement. The website also had a question tab for frequently asked questions about the FDA and its regulations which I believe would be very helpful for someone that may not have the same knowledge of health and medication as a more health educated person.

 Consumers are still at risk for many reasons. They may not understand their own health and believe an advertised medication may help them but in reality it could harm them. I also believe that the lack of education I discussed earlier is a huge danger to people. The long lists of possible side effects are daunting and can frighten people away from medication that could help them. Many of them do not understand that the drastic side effects have only occurred in such a minuscule percentage that the likelihood of it happening to them is next to none but companies are required to put all known side effects in the open.

Illness & Mortality #1

 It would never be easy to have to learn more about the services offered for your loved ones as aging go the best of them. But when the time comes it would be best to be well prepared and informed about the services and programs that are available to give your loved one an easy, comfortable living situation. I read up on a few pages from the WA state social services on elderly care. It was laid out very well in the sense that it was clear and concise about the services provided and it even talked about how to pay for these services. The payment part is where I initially had the most questions, but it was covered as I read. If I were to be looking for services for my loved on, this would be a good place for me to start. It provides a basic overview of what types of care are out there and what it entails. That was awesome. What was confusing was, it didn’t talk about all the places that each service was available. It spoke briefly about if you lived in King county you could be apart of the PACE program, but what about those in Pierce county? Is there a service similar to that provided or would my loved one need to move to King county? It spoke about the option for long term care homes, in home care, just daily nurse visits, etc. and it talked about needing to pick to specific company that takes Medicaid if using state funds, what companies are included? Where should I go to look and how do I know I am putting my loved one in the best possible care option? Being a state website it could have touched more on that to create a better direction to start looking. With that being the case, I think it would be wise to take to Google and start doing some research about the home options available to you. This could open up the entire world of care and give a great direction to the best care.

Glossary Building 2

There is indeed a lot of business to be made with new parents, which makes them some of the most vulnerable consumers. This is especially true because the grand majority of parents would do anything to protect their babies and the companies/industries that are targeting them use fear and emotion to convince them to do the “right” thing for their baby, and since many first time parents are trying to figure out the parenting thing, they will believe them. In the Early Life Matters page, I read several articles that provided some interesting terms and information on companies that are thriving on new parent’s fears. One of the worst industries that targets parents is that of the cord blood industry involving private cord blood banks. Private cord blood banks convince new parents to pay to store and freeze their baby’s cord blood since the blood in the umbilical cord has a plethora of stem cells that have been used to treat over seventy different diseases. The idea is that if their baby is found to have a life threatening disease in the future, the cord blood is there for them, but if the baby was already born with a disease, their infected cord blood does nothing for them. For other families, they pay, but never use that cord blood. It’s money wasted.

Women who have had C-sections during one birth are usually not allowed to go through a vaginal birth because doctors won’t agree to do it it or it is against hospital policy. Unless, going through a vaginal birth for their next child is life threatening or would cause severe complications for the mother and her baby, it should be the mother’s choice what type of birth she should have.

Glossary terms/definitions:

  • Cord Blood Banking (Public/Private): The practice of preserving for future use fetal blood that remains in the umbilical cord at the time of birth. (medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com)
  • Stem Cells: an unspecialized cell that gives rise to differentiated cells (www.merriam-webster.com)
  • Cesarean Section (C-Section): A surgical procedure in which incisions are made through a woman’s abdomen and uterus to deliver her baby (medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com)

References:

https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/cesarean+section

http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Umbilical+Cord+Blood+Banking

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/stem%20cell

Moninger, J. (2017, August 30). The Cord Blood Controversy. Retrieved November 08, 2017, from http://www.parents.com/pregnancy/my-baby/cord-blood-banking/the-cord-blood-controversy/

Roan, S. (2010, March 23). More women should have choice of vaginal birth after C-section, panel says. Retrieved November 08, 2017, from http://www.latimes.com/health/la-he-0323-hosp-vbac-20100323-story.html

 

Kiwis and Eagles and Prescription Medication

The United States and New Zealand are unique in a very particular way: you’ll be able to see advertisements on television for different prescription drugs – you know, to mention to your doctor in case you suffer from any of the symptoms that the advertisement seems to mention.

They’re iconic for their awkwardness – whether it be the timing (watching an erectile dysfunction ad with family can be a tad offputting), or the endless barrage of symptoms (the joke that the drug will kill you before the actual disease does), the rule is unique to the US and New Zealand, two countries that share a language and an affinity for a bird (the bald eagle, and the kiwi, respectively), but are on completely different sides of the world.

While those will argue that it can offer some increased awareness of certain conditions, or treatments for conditions, and can give autonomy for patients, I think that this particular issue shouldn’t be something just given out.

Aside from the practical standpoint of it raising medical costs through a bloated advertising budget – I’m a public relations major, and I have come to fully understand that a television commercial campaign can become expensive. Other mediums tend to be less expensive for advertising, but in general, ads are expensive.

It also encourages people to ask for name brand, which, if a generic is available, should really be what is prescribed unless the taker has an allergy to binding ingredients in the generic, or something along those lines. If people specifically are able to get that same coverage for a name brand as a generic, when there is an alternative, it can bring up healthcare costs for all others and effectively raise premiums. Which, would be fine, if it was necessary: but when people are told that “Xyterna” (this is a fake name for a drug that I made up, if this is really the name of a prescription drug then I guess that’s the career path I should look into) is the way to go, many who may not be educated may demand to doctors thats what they want.

Not to mention: doctors should be making healthcare recommendations for patients, not the other way around. If that was the case, then I’m sure there’d be hundreds of people who were real proud of their ‘ice cream diet’ and how much it’s helping them lose weight.

I feel as though the protections that are in place in certain places are definitely a benefit: while I understand not everyone has the same worldview as me (that intervention through agencies and the ‘red tape’ of process and time, is, typically, the only way to make sure that things are not done for the gain of corporate interests), I do think, generally, it’s in peoples best interest to make sure that the things that they’re consuming are safe for them, and in the case of advertising on behalf of a pharmaceutical, it can be potentially dangerous. It’s a gross thing to me, advertisement for healthcare, though again: that’s one that’s up in the air, depending on your worldview.

Challenge: are you using personal products with harmful ingredients instead of products that have organic or plant based ingredients? Reasons; read below.

  1. Pick five products such as shampoos, soaps, hair coloring, toothpaste,  and make-up.
  2. Read the ingredients and see if they are all organic and safe ingredients.
  3. Please post as to if you’re planning to replace or already using safe products for your skin.

 

Many products list “fragrance” on the label, but very few name the specific ingredients that make up a “fragrance.” This lack of disclosure prevents consumers from knowing the full list of ingredients in their products. While most fragrance chemicals are not disclosed, we do know that some are linked to serious health problems such as cancer, reproductive and developmental toxicity, allergies and sensitivities. Clearly, there is a need for stronger regulations, more research, and greater transparency.

FOUND IN: Most personal care products including sunscreen, shampoo, soap, body wash, deodorant, body lotion, makeup, facial cream, skin toner, serums, exfoliating scrubs and perfume.

WHAT TO LOOK FOR ON THE LABEL: Fragrance, perfume, parfum, essential oil blend, aroma.

WHAT IS FRAGRANCE? Fragrance is defined by the FDA as a combination of chemicals that gives each perfume or cologne (including those used in other products) its distinct scent. Fragrance ingredients may be derived from petroleum or natural raw materials. Companies that manufacture perfume or cologne purchase fragrance mixtures from fragrance houses (companies that specialize in developing fragrances) to develop their own proprietary blends. In addition to “scent” chemicals that create the fragrance, perfumes and colognes also contain solvents, stabilizers, UV-absorbers, preservatives, and dyes. MORE…

HEALTH CONCERNS: The International Fragrance Association (IFRA) lists 3,059 materials that are reported as being used in fragrance compounds.[1] Of these 3,059 ingredients, some have evidence linking them to health effects including cancer, reproductive toxicity, allergies and sensitivities.

A 2016 study assessed self-reported health effects from fragrance. This survey of a random sample of US residents found that 99.1% of participants are exposed to fragranced products at least once a week from their own use, others’ use, or both. Participants also reported an extensive list of health effects experienced when exposed to fragrance ranging from migraines and asthma to gastrointestinal problems and cardiovascular problems. The findings showed that a high percentage of the participants did not know of the chemicals included in fragrance and would not continue to use a fragranced product if they had previously known it emitted pollutants.[2]

Acetaldehyde: Acetaldehyde adversely affects kidneys and the reproductive, nervous and respiratory systems.[3] This chemical is listed as known or suspected to cause cancer in California’s Proposition 65.[4] Both the International Agency for Research on Cancer and the National Toxicology Program classify acetaldehyde as potentially carcinogenic to humans.[5], [6]

Benzophenone: Benzophenone is linked to endocrine disruption and organ system toxicity,[7] and experimental studies suggest benzophenone may lead to several kinds of tumors.[8] Derivatives of benzophenone, such as benzophenone-1 (BP-1) and oxybenzone (BP-3), are potential endocrine disruptors.[9]Benzophenone is listed as a possible human carcinogen under California’s Proposition 65.[10]MORE…

VULNERABLE POPULATIONS: All, especially pregnant women, infants

Many products list “fragrance” on the label, but very few name the specific ingredients that make up a “fragrance.” This lack of disclosure prevents consumers from knowing the full list of ingredients in their products. While most fragrance chemicals are not disclosed, we do know that some are linked to serious health problems such as cancer, reproductive and developmental toxicity, allergies and sensitivities. Clearly, there is a need for stronger regulations, more research, and greater transparency.

FOUND IN: Most personal care products including sunscreen, shampoo, soap, body wash, deodorant, body lotion, makeup, facial cream, skin toner, serums, exfoliating scrubs and perfume.

WHAT TO LOOK FOR ON THE LABEL: Fragrance, perfume, parfum, essential oil blend, aroma.

WHAT IS FRAGRANCE? Fragrance is defined by the FDA as a combination of chemicals that gives each perfume or cologne (including those used in other products) its distinct scent. Fragrance ingredients may be derived from petroleum or natural raw materials. Companies that manufacture perfume or cologne purchase fragrance mixtures from fragrance houses (companies that specialize in developing fragrances) to develop their own proprietary blends. In addition to “scent” chemicals that create the fragrance, perfumes and colognes also contain solvents, stabilizers, UV-absorbers, preservatives, and dyes. MORE…

HEALTH CONCERNS: The International Fragrance Association (IFRA) lists 3,059 materials that are reported as being used in fragrance compounds.[1] Of these 3,059 ingredients, some have evidence linking them to health effects including cancer, reproductive toxicity, allergies and sensitivities.

A 2016 study assessed self-reported health effects from fragrance. This survey of a random sample of US residents found that 99.1% of participants are exposed to fragranced products at least once a week from their own use, others’ use, or both. Participants also reported an extensive list of health effects experienced when exposed to fragrance ranging from migraines and asthma to gastrointestinal problems and cardiovascular problems. The findings showed that a high percentage of the participants did not know of the chemicals included in fragrance and would not continue to use a fragranced product if they had previously known it emitted pollutants.[2]

Acetaldehyde: Acetaldehyde adversely affects kidneys and the reproductive, nervous and respiratory systems.[3] This chemical is listed as known or suspected to cause cancer in California’s Proposition 65.[4] Both the International Agency for Research on Cancer and the National Toxicology Program classify acetaldehyde as potentially carcinogenic to humans.[5], [6]

Benzophenone: Benzophenone is linked to endocrine disruption and organ system toxicity,[7] and experimental studies suggest benzophenone may lead to several kinds of tumors.[8] Derivatives of benzophenone, such as benzophenone-1 (BP-1) and oxybenzone (BP-3), are potential endocrine disruptors.[9]Benzophenone is listed as a possible human carcinogen under California’s Proposition 65.[10]MORE…

VULNERABLE POPULATIONS: All, especially pregnant women, infants

SOURCE:   http://www.safecosmetics.org/get-the-facts/chemicals-of-concern/fragrance/

 

Next ingredient to avoid in skincare products since it is so many of them is Paraben.  Below is another article about the dangers of Paraben in products.

Parabens are synthetic preservatives used in foods, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and personal care products such as deodorants, moisturizers and shampoos. Common parabens include methylparaben, ethylparaben, propylparaben and butylparaben. Parabens allow skin care products to survive for months or even years in your medicine cabinet; however, they also enter your body through your skin when you use these products. According to Mercola.com, the body can absorb as much as five pounds of cosmetic chemicals every year. Parabens can mimic hormones in the body and disrupt functions of the endocrine system.

Breast Cancer

Colby College’s Clean Makeup website reports that parabens can mimic estrogen and disrupt the body’s hormone system. Cornell University reports that a high lifelong exposure to estrogen can increase breast cancer risk. Estrogen, and synthetic chemicals that act like estrogen, play a role in stimulating the division of breast cells and affect other hormones that stimulate breast cell division. Your body does not easily break down synthetic estrogen, and it can accumulate in fat cells, including breast tissue. In 2004, a study by the University of Reading in the United Kingdom found concentrations of parabens, particularly methylparaben, in human breast tumors. The study examined only the presence of parabens in the tumors but did not determine that they were the cause of the tumors.

Decreased Sperm Levels

Parabens can also adversely affect the male reproductive system. In a study by the Tokyo Metropolitan Research Laboratory of Public Health, researchers administered parabens to three-week-old rats. After four weeks, researchers examined the rats and found their sperm production significantly decreased in relation to the amount of parabens they had received. The rats who received the highest dose of parabens, which was consistent with the daily acceptable intake of parabens in Europe and Japan, showed a significant decrease in sperm concentration.

 

This is why I do not purchase any products with these ingredients and other harmful ingredients.   I have only listed two harmful ingredients but there are others that can mess with our health.    Yes, it costs more but your skin absorbs everything so don’t  you want what goes on the body is the best for your skin; afterall, I have read skin is our biggest organ.   I use coupons which help me save some monies plus it feels good when I use better for you products.

Let me know if some of you are replacing and what you think of this information.

Thanks,

Indera