Category Archives: glossary

Glossary Building #5

Glossary Building # 5

 

Because dietary guidelines, sugar, GMO foods and organics are a few of the things consumers may want to know more about in order to make  environmentally informed food purchasing choices we need to understand what is in the foods and products that we purchase. Many of the products in the U.S. are not organic and may contain harmful pesticides, herbicides and may be genetically modified. In order to understand these terms I have chosen to define these terms so that consumers can have a better understanding.

GMO: genetically modified organism: a plant or animal whose genes have been scientifically changed.

 

Pesticide:

Chemical compounds that are used to kill pests, including insects, rodents, fungi and unwanted plants. Pesticides are used in public health to kill vectors of disease, such as mosquitoes, and in agriculture to kill pests that damage crops. By their nature, pesticides are potentially toxic to other organisms, including humans, and need to be used safely and supposed properly.

Herbicides:

A substance that is toxic to plants and is used to destroy unwanted vegetation.

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Glossary Building 4

Glossary Building #4

There are people who are very concerned about conserving out planet, and therefore they chose to opt to purchase products that don’t have a major impact on the planet or someone else. And many companies offer products or services that are considered green. Therefore, I believe it is important to have a better understanding about what or who green is.

 

  • Green:

A major thrust in selling to us is through “ethical*, sustainable, green, environmentally friendly, responsible” product/service claims

  • Sustainability:

“Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”

  • Theory of planned behavior:

Constructs and attitudes, subject norms, perceived behavioral control and intention.

Glossary Building 3

Glossary building #3

 

As a consumer I believe I would like to have access to  information about the safety, effectiveness and security of the products that I consume. So, after looking at the pharmaceutical slides I came across different terms which I believe are important to know for consumer in order to make wise choices when purchasing different products.

  • FDA:

The food and Drug administration protects public health by assuring safety,     effectiveness and security of a wide range of products including prescription drugs. Also, it oversees the approval and marketing of prescription drugs.

 

  • DTC Ads: Direct to consumer advertising, is a new area of prescription drug promotion. Direct-to-consumer advertising has been legal in the USA since 1985. These DTC Ads must have a brief summary in print, list of side effects on TV ads. TV ads can include only most important risks, as long as  information on how to get more information.

 

  • Product Claim: Name a drug, condition, discuss benefits and risks.

https://consuminghealthmatters.files.wordpress.com/2017/03/209pharmasp20171.pptx

Glossary Building 2

Glossary Building #2

Because most students that attend universities choose to obtain loans I believe it is important to know the different types of loans offered to the students. Moreover, having  a plan to  start paying off their school loans is just as important. Therefore this glossary building can be beneficial for the students.

  • Grace Period:

The grace period is a set a period of time after you graduate, leave school, or drop below half-time enrollment before you must begin repayment on your loan. The grace period gives you time to get financially settled and to select your repayment plan.

 

  • Perkins Loan:

Federal Perkins loan program, often called Perkins loans, are low-interest federal student loans for undergraduate and graduate students with exceptional financial need.

 

  • Income Driven Replacement Plan:

Income based repayment and revised pay as you earn, which cap your monthly payments at a reasonable percentage of your income each year, and forgive any debt remaining after no more than 25 years (depending on the plan) of affordable payments. Forgiveness may be available after just 10 years of these public and non profit sectors.

 

  • Delinquency:

Your loan becomes delinquent the first day after you miss a payment. Even if you miss just one monthly payment and then start making payments again, your loan account will remain delinquent until your repay the past due amounts or make other arrangements.

 

https://ticas.org/content/posd/top-10-student-loan-tips-recent-graduates

Glossary Building One

Glossary Building #1

I believe that everyone should be able to have the necessary information to make the healthiest choices therefore it is extremely important that we know what consumer health is and how we can have a better understanding of consumer health. I chose some words that would probably help to have a better understanding of the things that influence our everyday choices, life and health.

  • Market:

A powerful concept that influences our lives, health, and choices everyday. This concept influences much more than our individual life outcomes, it tells us how to think as a nation, as a society of individuals making decisions.

  • Market Justice:

Market justice suggests that fairness in the world is not really possible or maybe not even ideal. People that trade money for products and services, money they originally got by trading their time, labor and sometimes skills for it. In this view  fair outcomes are based on what a person or group earns by choosing healthy behaviors.

  • Social Justice:

Social Justice suggests that  societies have a responsibility to help ensure fair outcomes for all. In this view outcomes are actively fair based in policies or processes that allow for or provide equitable benefits and risks or  harm to all.

 

 

The “market” as part of the consumer health context. (n.d.). Retrieved April 04, 2018, from https://consuminghealthmatters.files.wordpress.com/2017/04/week2readingforhed209pdf1.pdf

 

 

Glossary Building #5

• After viewing the Department of Health’s website with regards to Death with Dignity I gathered a much better understanding of the Death with Dignity Act. Not only did I gather a more comprehensive definition of the Death with Dignity Act, but I pieced apart the terms “death” and “dignity”.

First, the Death with Dignity Act allows “terminally ill adults seeking to end their life to request lethal doses of medication from medical and osteopathic physicians. These terminally ill patients must be Washington residents who have less than six months to live”. This act was put in place to allow ill willed persons to end their misery and hurt from illness. The act particularly protects these individuals and allows them to die with “dignity”.

Secondly, the word “death” means the action or fact of dying or being killed; the end of the life of a person or organism. The word “dignity” means the state or quality of being worthy of honor or respect; self-respect. Together this means Death with Dignity refers to dying or ending life with the quality off respect for one self.

See: https://www.doh.wa.gov/YouandYourFamily/IllnessandDisease/DeathwithDignityAct/FrequentlyAskedQuestions

• After seeing the title, “Seattle Time’s piece on “selling” senior residents” I was intrigued. I wondered what it meant to “sell” senior residents and read further on what it meant. According to the article seniors who board in your home or a nursing home come with quite a grand ticket price. The article shows how highly profitable the market of senior residents can be. So, when the Seattle Time’s speaks on “selling” senior residents they mean the market for senior resident care is profitable and common in Washington.

See: http://old.seattletimes.com/html/seniorsforsale/2010939195_seniors31.html

• After browsing fda.gov I looked at unapproved drugs and then looked at what determines a drug is approved. According to fda.gov unapproved drugs are drugs marketed in the United States that do not have required FDA approval. So I then looked at how to determine whether a drug is approved or not. Fda.gov clearly explains the steps to take in order to search and clarify whether a drug is approved or not. You can determine whether a drug is approved or not by looking at Orange Book where you can search the trade name or active ingredients. You can also determine whether a drug is approved or not by looking at the National Drug Code Directory and Drugs@FDA. These search engines allow you to determine the approval or disapproval of a drug.

See: https://www.fda.gov/Drugs/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/EnforcementActivitiesbyFDA/SelectedEnforcementActionsonUnapprovedDrugs/ucm119742.htm

Glossary Building #4

  • In Americans love of snacking has spread far beyond the bag of chips introduces us to the idea and term of snacking. With regards to food the term snacking refers to the smaller intake of food by calories more frequently throughout the day. The article introduces the term snacking in context of our daily lives as a means of distracting ourselves. We snack when we take a quick second to look at social media, to read, to nap and so on. Snacking isn’t just something of a food term; rather it is term to describe our habits.

See: http://www.latimes.com/opinion/op-ed/la-oe-akst-snacks-20141221-story.html

  • In the PowerPoint, Pharmaceutical Industry & Consumers, DTC ads are introduced. DTC ads stand for direct-to-consumer advertising or advertisement. These types of ads are used to relay the need for certain pharmaceuticals to cure suffering patients. These types of ads aim to target vulnerable audiences and sway them to buy into pharmaceuticals marketed to “heal” them.

See: Pharmaceutical Industry & Consumers PowerPoint

http://www.pewhealth.org/other-resource/persuading-the-prescribers-pharmaceutical-industry-marketing-and-its-influence-on-physicians-and-patients-85899439814

  • In the PowerPoint, Dietary Guidelines and Sugar Slides, products known to be GRAS are introduced. GRAS stands for generally recognized as safe. Products categorized this way are typically considered safe for consumption. According to fda.gov GRAS is defined as the acronym generally recognized as safe. The FDA refers GRAS to products or substances that are “intentionally added to food is a food additive, that is subject to premarket review and approval by FDA, unless the substance is generally recognized, among qualified experts, as having been adequately shown to be safe under the conditions of its intended use, or unless the use of the substance is otherwise excepted from the definition of a food additive”.

See: Dietary Guidelines and Sugar Slides

https://www.fda.gov/Food/IngredientsPackagingLabeling/GRAS/

Glossary part 1

Glossary Building post part

(1)

In one of our first prompts, we had the opportunity to read slides and answer a prompt on what would interest us the most, and for me that was the slides on Babies and Small children Slides. I mentioned there that my friend has newborns (now 3 month old twins and a toddler), and it is very important for her and for all of us to look after all children. One small change that can benefit an infant or small child is the dishware that is used to feed them. Washington State is the 2nd state to ban BPA from baby bottles and other dishes used for babies. Another change that I personally didn’t think much about was the level of lead in baby toys. I go to the store and think, cute baby toys, and then I either pick it up for a loved one or grab something else. A regulation in 1977 banned high levels of lead being used on children toys, and many toys have since been recalled. So what about the health of a baby when the baby is not a baby anymore? Many parents, as I could only assume, experience a bittersweet moment when their small child goes off to school for the first time. They may ask themselves many questions, and one of them might be, are they being fed? One of the slides (Feeding Older Kids) mentions laws being passed for schools to use local and fresh foods. A quick Google search lead me to a website that compares different policies or parts of policies on foods that are/should be used in schools. It compares the Washington State policies, more specifically the 2010 Revised Code of Washington 28A.210.365 with USDA nutrition standards. This is a neatly organized chart that helps viewers understand where Washington school food falls in terms of health.

BPA- Bisphenol A (BPA) can be found in baby bottle due to the plastic that is used to harden plastics as well as a method of keeping bacteria from contaminating the milk/other foods.

Lead- A natural occurring element that can be found throughout our environment, including inside our homes, which is especially dangerous to children. Children are more likely than not exploring their surroundings, which may expose them to lead through toys (pain from the toys) and dishware.

2010 Revised Code of Washington 28A.210.365 (Food choice, minimum standard)- This policy states that it’s goal, or the goal for Washington State, is to ensure that schools work on changes that will bring healthier food choices to students grades K-12, by 2010. This code also specifies that it will also hope to control the amount of nutrients/fats that should be in the school lunches as well as designing engaging activities for physical education classes.

BPA. Healthy Chidren. Org. Retrieved from https://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/baby/feeding-nutrition/Pages/Baby-Bottles-And-Bisphenol-A-BPA.aspx

Learn about Lead. EPA.gov. Retrieved from:

https://www.epa.gov/lead/learn-about-lead

RCW 28A.210. 365. Leg.Wa.Gov retrieved from http://app.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=28A.210.365

(2)

As someone who makes several online purchases, especially at the cosmetic stores, I found the prompts on consumer protection and regulations very interesting. It wasn’t necessarily about cosmetics, but I did compare it to my consumption of all sorts of makeup. In this specific prompt I talked about how it is important to basically compare interest rate from different banks before taking out a loan or before buying a house. This made me think about how makeup companies also set their prices based on popularity. What I mean by this is that most companies carry the same makeup products for the most part, so if you don’t do your own comparing, you may end up with two of the exact same product but at different costs. For the protection of the consumer, companies are now adding the ingredient lists to most makeup products if not posting them on their websites. If they weren’t obligated to do so, how many makeup companies do you think could get away with giving us a “cheaply” made good for the price of a “luxurious” one?

 

Consumer protection regulation: regulations designed to protect the interests of the consumer

 

Safety and soundness regulation: ensures that banks operate safely without harming those who use banks.

 

Regulatroy changes– they are made in response to the consumers, but mostly as a response to new developments in the economy and consumer market.

 

Schmidt, J. WIllardson, N. (2004). Banking Regulation: The Focus Returns to the Consumer. Retrieved from https://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications/the-region/banking-regulation-the-focus-returns-to-the-consumer

 

 

(3)

My cousin’s wife is expecting, and she will hopefully be giving birth to my little nephew this upcoming year. After reading the slides on child birth, I found it interesting how new mothers take information and what they buy as new time parents versus parents that have already experienced the birth and care for a child. My cousin and his wife have purchased just about everything imaginable for their baby, and they are sharing baby posts on Facebook left and right. My friend, on the other hand, likes to share anything baby and toddler related, because she has a toddler and newborn twins. I remember that my friend was just like my cousin and his wife when she had her first child, because she didn’t know what to expect. Now my friend has the opportunity to buy products that she absolutely loves like a certain type of baby bottle that does I don’t know what kind of magic, because she has tried several kinds before finding the “right one”. Now I think about all the research that my cousin does and I can only imagine that they are thinking about every little detail including labor, products to buy, and child care after the baby comes home.

 

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome– There is a great possibility that mothers who drink while pregnant can give birth to babies with alcohol spectrum disorders such as neurological disorders, vision, hearing, and short attention span.

Healthline.com. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Retrieved from: https://www.healthline.com/health/fetal-alcohol-syndrome

 

Midwife– A health care professional that provides care during labor, delivery and after birth as well. They can provide care from a birthing center or from the mother’s home, whichever makes her the most comfortable during labor.

American Pregnancy.Org. Midwives: Benefits of Having a Midwife. Retrieved from http://americanpregnancy.org/labor-and-birth/midwives/

 

Epidural– anesthesia that blocks pain from a certain part of the body, but does not block out total feeling making it the easiest anesthetic for women during childbirth.

American Pregnancy.Org. Epidural Anesthesia. Using Epidural Anesthesia During Labor: Benefits and Risks. Retrieved from http://americanpregnancy.org/labor-and-birth/epidural/

 

Glossary Post 5

  1. Pesticide
  2. Herbicide
  3. Sustainability

Pesticide is the overarching term for herbicides, insecticides, and other substances that control pests. Pesticides are often highly debated due to concerns about safety for those consuming the crops but not those picking the crops but that is a whole political debate that I don’t want to start right now.

An herbicide is a pesticide that kills weeds. Often called weedkillers, herbicides can protect crops from weeds as well as anything that the weeds attract including animals, insects, and diseases.

Sustainability is the ability to maintain or stay at a level. Oftentimes, manufacturers and businesses are not sustainable because there is not an equal balance of output and gains. This also applies to the earth. Without sustainable agriculture, the environment becomes too affected by the production and in turn the production becomes affected because their was not enough balance to ensure sustainability.

Glossary Post 4

  1. Life Expectancy
  2. Equity
  3. Equality

Life expectancy is the estimated amount of time that an individual will live. In the United States, the average life expectancy is 78.7 years. Life expectancy will vary by country to country, state to state, even neighborhood to neighborhood. People of color in the US have lower life expectancy than white individuals and each ethnicity has a different life expectancy.

Equity and Equality are often confused. Equity acknowledges that everyone is an individual and has individual needs while Equality treats everyone as if they have the same needs. It is more important to strive for an equitable society than an equal society.