Category Archives: Course content

Peer Review

I chose to do my peer review on jdie4’s Food Prompt 1 post. From reading this contribution, I learned that there are almost 100 different added sugars that are put onto food labels. So we as consumers barely know what we are eating nowadays. It would be good for a college student or parent to read this contribution because from this we can understand that buying products that have nearly no sugar in them, still have hidden sugars in them because the manufacturers hide the sugars on the labels. Or do not put them on the labels at all. The strongest (or most credible) part of this contribution is when the author talks about how to fix this situation, which is buying solely raw ingredients and avoiding things that come in a package. The weakest part (or something that someone might question) about this contribution is when the author talks about how the FDA may begin requiring all the food labels to say all the added sugar. But the manufacturers might fight this and not want to do it. (If any) One part that I had to read more than once in order to understand it is was no parts. The author made a great case when it came to defending his points on the added sugars with food labels. (If any) I did not find any typos, although just a few minor grammatical errors throughout. (Such as commas and semicolons).One part that made me want to read more on this topic is when the author brings up how this might be affecting Type 2 Diabetes. This hits close to home for me because a lot of my family members have Type 2 DIabetes, so we are very cautious when it comes to our sugar levels and what we eat. On a 1 to 4 scale where 1 is the lowest possible and 4 is the highest possible, I rate this contribution a 3.5 overall, because the whole article was great and I really enjoyed reading it. The one thing I would change would just to add paragraphs instead of one whole paragraph. Sometimes when people read a huge article and there are no paragraphs it can be overwhelming.

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Dairy PhotoVoice

During my time in this class, working on this blog, there have been two industries I’ve hit particularly hard: the pharmaceutical industry and the dairy industry: both of which may come off as hypocritical, as I do consume things from both these industries. I take a hormonal contraceptive to combat a scourge of hormonal acne that has struck me in my early 20’s, and when I make a sandwich, a slice of swiss really does make it great. However, the beef I have with these is misleading marketing about healthful effects of their products.

Who’s selling me what?

Here’s the really interesting thing about the dairy industry in the United States – it is one of the main receivers of farm subsidies in the country. Starting in the great depression and continuing into World War II, the industry was subsidized for economic reasons – the depression because dust bowl areas were suffering, and just a general decline in consumption – these subsidies were to keep these small family farms afloat. During World War II, it was to keep these farms producing while people were away at war and the United States was such a powerhouse. Production and subsidies continued – with the government having an investment in whether or not that milk got sold – the farm lobby has a good stake in many policymakers. So the federal government, on top of these subsidies, bought milk and stored it in Missouri as reserves for cheese and butter. But here’s the kicker: these reserves, in 1983, were valued at over 4 billion dollars. So the government switched gears and began to take a pro-dairy approach to policy making – it implementing an advertising board and commission that made a choice to heavily market dairy products such as cheese. Got Milk, if you’re familiar, is a product of this commission, known as ‘Dairy Management Inc.”

That’s the who, here’s the what:

The dairy industry most definitely wants you to look at their product as wholesome, and healthy. A glass of milk on the side of your meal is their recommended consumption: so much so that school lunch programs are not allowed to call it a meal unless milk is served with it. Again, I don’t think milk is per-say bad for you – you’d be better off consuming a glass of milk than an equally sized glass of vodka, or even soda; but rather, the products that milk can end up in in the normal American diet (the ones that Dairy Management Inc. is promoting especially heavily – they’ve worked with pizza chains to make sure there’s MORE cheese in certain products) are at odds with what many dieticians and, even other government agencies, say is healthful to eat.

How Healthy is it?

Again, I’m not doubting the benefits that milk can have on your calcium intake – it’s, weight-wise, the best thing you can consume if you’re looking solely at calcium levels. A glass of whole milk is a 103 calories, so it’s not especially bad calorically either. However, don’t let the milk lobby talk you into thinking it’s the only source of calcium: dark, leafy vegetables such as kale, spinach or okra; white beans and soybeans; and some types of fish such as salmon, perch or rainbow trout are also good forms of calcium.

Milk, however, is something people can be sensitive to: lactose intolerance is relatively common among humans. It also can aggravate acne in those who are prone to breakouts; and those who consume skim or nonfat are more likely than those who consume whole to be overweight.

But milk itself is not the problem – rather, the problem is the things that milk pops into as an ingredient.

Dips and Syrups

These products are some dairy products that I found in my family’s fridge – all of these are not especially healthy uses for dairy. These items include sundae syrup; various dips and coffee creamer.

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Other dairy in our fridge also included cheeses – while the Brie and Provolone were slightly healthier, and more high quality in production, the shredded mexican cheese was not incredibly healthful.

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This is the creamer – while the calorie count doesn’t seem to be high, it’s also an artificially low amount for coffee creamer. Just a tablespoon?

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100 Calories for a topping? Wow.

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2 tablespoons as a topping is 18% of your daily saturated fat.

Why is it difficult to be healthy/unhealthy?

It’s difficult to know what’s healthy because people like to make clear-cut choices – “I won’t eat X because it’s not healthy” is a really good rule until you get into a complex process, such as the dairy industry. While it’s not bad for you on it’s own, and can have nutritional benefits, it’s difficult to make these close calls because they are able to add things to it and make it not-healthy-at-all.

 

Reflection:

Overall, I thought taking these pictures and putting together this post was fun – I really love doing research, so learning so much about the dairy industry and its subsidies was something that I really took in stride. As a history buff, I also LOVED being able to dive into some Great Depression and WWII history. (I most definitely had the Molly American Girl doll!) Plus, learning about billions of dollar in what is basically cheese reserves parallel something I learned about Canadians – that they have a syrup reserve. We’re not the only crazy ones, apparently.

I thought it was interesting seeing what my parents had in their fridge – I got home for the holiday last night, and this morning, rustling through the fridge, I noticed their eating patterns while we were gone. My parents are fairly health-conscious people, but the holiday season (and I’m thinking, having their two daughters home from college) may have spurred them to spring on some items they may not usually dive into. I’ve realized I’m not an incredibly artistic person, through my PR degree, but at this point I’m comfortable enough behind a camera to construct something that doesn’t look like it came out of Blair Witch Project.

Being not versed in iMovie (I’ve tried!), putting together a long-form blog post was a little more my speed. I thought it was an intuitive project for me – even though I wish I was a little more humorous with my captions. I try incredibly hard to be funny and witty, but not quite sure that this topic could support something like that.

I’m also shocked about how calorically dense caramel syrup is – I’d make a joke and say I should “Switch to magic shell”, but I’m convinced that’d be even worse… somehow.

Peer Reviewed Comment

For my peer-reviewed comment, I decided to review thejenetic’s food prompt 1.

  • From reading this contribution, I learned that there are over 61 names that added sugars can be listed in food and nutrition labels under. This was surprising to me because it seems somewhat deceptive that companies would try and add certain ingredients that are unhealthy for us and change the name so we aren’t aware.
  • It would be good for a parent to read this contribution because of how well you went in depth about childhood obesity and its correlation to sugar intake. You mentioned how child obesity has risen from 7% to 18% since the 1970s in 6-11 year olds. Unfortunately this is not surprising because of the unhealthy diets that most Americans engage in.

  • The strongest (or most credible) part of this contribution is your summarization of the study done using 43 cocaine-addicted rats to prove that sugar is more addicting than cocaine. This is a strong study and it was very nicely and briefly recapped by you.

  • Something that someone might question about this contribution is what kind of actions did the Obama Administration take in order to improve the nutritional standards of school lunches?

  • One part that I had to read more than once in order to understand it is that there was a law that was passed allowing tomato sauce on pizza to be considered a vegetable serving. I read this multiple times, not because there was an error in your work, but because it just sounds so appalling to think that somehow pizza was considered a vegetable. Leave it to Americans, right?

  • Your work was well thought out and ultimately error free. There was only one minor slip up in the last paragraph of your contribution where you said “It makes me angry how dishonest our food industry.” Where it should be “It makes me angry how dishonest our food industry IS.”

  • One part that made me want to read more on this topic is all the possible diseases that can come from too much sugar intake. Things such as cardiovascular disease, high triglycerides and hypertension. Even though, as you also mentioned, added sugar is in 74% of packaged foods. IT is crazy to think about how business oriented this country is and how they are more concerned with the sales of product than what we are consuming and putting into our bodies.

  • On a 1 to 4 scale where 1 is the lowest possible and 4 is the highest possible, I rate this contribution a 4 overall, because you provided a well organized response that included specific case studies and actual statistics to prove your points. Your recommendation noted at the end about consumers pushing for better guidelines could not be more spot on. It is clear that we can’t trust the government to do it, so it is up to us as consumers to step in and make a change.

Photovoice Project Part 2-Final

For my PhotoVoice Project, I researched makeup and the benefits of buying cheap vs. expensive makeup. First, I went to Fred Meyer and found the cheapest makeup in the store. I was looking for the brand ELF, but they did not have it at Fred Meyer so I found the brand Rimmel London actually being the cheapest.Rimmel London is actually the brand that I use for most of my makeup, like my foundation. The expensive makeup I chose to research was Neutrogena. So in my PhotoVoice Project, I will be comparing the cheap makeup to the expensive makeup.

What choices do I have? 

When anyone walks into the makeup aisle(s) at a supermarket you immediately start to think, what choices do I have? In other words, what makeup choices do I have? The makeup aisle basically throws on you SOOO many different brands of makeup that you really just end up getting stressed out and buying whatever catches your eye. Some people won’t even look past two different brands before they are done and ready to leave. But what happens if you really take your time and look at all the different brands, prices, products? You may just find a foundation that is the BEST foundation in the world at totally works for you, or you will find one that does not work for you AT ALL. So when you walk into the makeup aisle look at all the different choices you have and what really works for you and your budget. For me, I am a sophomore in college and working my butt off every day to make money to buy my makeup. So you could say that I take time and find the cheapest one, which is Rimmel London. Now if I was back at home on the West Side I would just go to Target and buy the ELF brand since that is the cheapest. But since the Fred Meyer here in Ellensburg does not have the brand ELF, I buy Rimmel London.

Who’s selling me what?

I really feel as though Neutrogena is selling its consumers for than Rimmel London. Strictly due to the fact that Neutrogena has much more headlines saying that it is the #1 Dermatologist recommended skin care line. Which yeah I could see as too why it would be because they have healthy products. But that does not mean that you have to buy their products. I first took a bottle of foundation from Neutrogena and compared that to a tube of foundation from Rimmel London. The bottle from Neutrogena was $16.49, whereas the tube from Rimmel London was $5.49. I then compared the two brands with powder, concealer, and bronzer. All were very different prices, and the Neutrogena brand continued to be the more expensive one. When I read some reviews on Neutrogena many believed that one of their skin peels made their skin “dry and itchy”. Now I don’t know if this is just me but if I was too spend 20 plus dollars on a product that I hoped would make my skin feel better, I would be pretty mad if that happened to me. So although Neutrogena is selling their products better and branding more by using celebrities in their commercials, I still believe that there are better products out there for much cheaper.

Who has the upper hand and how? 

Neutrogena definitely has the upper hand in this type of situation. They have more commercials and advertisements than Rimmel London. Neutrogena also has a lot of celebrities in their commercials which helps with the sale of their products. If people see Jennifer Lopez wearing the Neutrogena foundation on commercials than people will want to be like Jennifer Lopez and wear the same foundation! That doesn’t work so much for Rimmel London because a lot of people do not hear about that brand because there are not as many commercials and advertising for that product.

What’s the typical discourse (what “most people” say?) about this & similar products/services? 

Many individuals will talk a lot about the products that they use, especially if they do not work have they hoped. Neutrogena is a very familiar brand and a lot of people chose to wear it. While Rimmel London is sort of on the back burner. Even though Neutrogena has great reviews and rates. The prices, on the other hand, are not so great. I mean for one thing of powder it is $13.99, whereas Rimmel London is only selling their powder for $5.49. A very BIG price difference, which ultimately defeats the same purpose. I personally believe that buying cheaper makeup products are still going to be just as healthy for you, rather than buying the more expensive ones. If people take the time to wash their face, good and clean, at the end of each night than you will not have any problems with buying the cheaper makeup. For me, I use the cheapest makeup products out there, and I continue to make sure I clean my face very well each night. In result, I have clear skin. So if anything buy the cheaper products rather than the expensive ones, because you will benefit from it in the long run.

My experience doing this project was great. I really enjoyed being able to research and do a topic that is close to my heart. I love makeup, probably just like everyone else. and realizing that you do not need to buy expensive makeup makes me feel great! When I first began my project, I went to the store and searched for the most expensive makeup. This was actually a lot more difficult than I thought it would be just because a lot of makeup in Fred Meyer is around the same price, but Neutrogena definitely stood out amongst the rest. When I arrived at the store the first thing I noticed was how many advertisements there are which reminded me of what we learned at the beginning of class! The makeup aisle, I believe, is the most competitive aisle in the whole store. Different brands have their way of trademarking their products so that you, the consumer, will buy them. They will advertise their products to be “healthy for your skin”, or “clean and fresh for your skin”. But all of them say that so how do we really know what is going to work for us and what is not. That’s an answer that only we can answer, and it is by buying the product that we feel like will work us. And if it works, then great you found YOUR makeup. But if it does not, then you go back to the store and move onto the next section or aisle of makeup and try that brand. All in all, you will find the right makeup for you, even if it takes a little time and effort.

PhotoVoice Project Below:

 

Photovoice Project By Morgan7

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary Post #5

For Glossary Post #5 I came across three words in the DietaryGuidlinesandSugarSlides that I believe is important to know more about. The three words that stuck out to me were Omit, Allergens, and Morality. Although I have heard these words before I have never used them in my personal language, so I would like to know exactly what they mean.

Omit is when you choose to exclude or leave out something important. This can either be a person when you do not want them to be involved or you do not want them to know what you are talking about. This can also be when you do want to exclude something, such as a comment. Many people will use this word when they are referring to something being left out. Such as, “You omitted the most important part of the story in your presentation.”

Allergen is a type of substance that many people are allergic too. It is another term for the common word allergic, which is when your immune system acts abnormally to something. People are allergic to almost everything outside. Including pollen, grasses, dust and some medications. Everyone is different, so not everybody is going to be allergic to one thing.

Mortality is often referred to being associated with death. But also refers to many people be immortal, everybody is going to die one day. Mortality also has to do with the fact that we are not invincible. This is a good word to know as well because it is good to know synonyms for words, especially words that we are not familiar with.

Omit: leave out or exclude (someone or something), either intentionally or forgetfully.

Allergens: any substance, often a protein, that induces an allergy: common allergens include pollen, grasses, dust, and some medications.

Mortality: the state or condition of being subject to death; mortal character, nature, or existence.

Peer Review Post

For my peer review post, I reviewed bmooreee’s post, “Illness and Mortality #1.”

From reading this contribution, I learned that the WA State Social Services on Elderly Care provided information about services that are available for the elderly, and how they can be paid for.

It would be good for an adult looking for information for an older family member to read this contribution, because it provides helpful information on whether or not the website is useful or not.

The strongest (or most credible) part of this contribution is where the website was criticized. I think many people who read through the website would be wondering the same thing, as to why they didn’t provide any more information about where the services were available.

The weakest part (or something that someone might question) about this contribution is I think it would have been helpful to state which pages this information was found on about services offered, costs, etc. I also suggest that this paragraph could have been broken down into 2-3 paragraphs because it is pretty long and has different topics.

I found a couple typos, spelling, grammar, &/or punctuation errors. “If I were to be looking for services for my loved on…”, “on” was misspelled for “one”. I also saw that the word “county” wasn’t capitalized for “King County”, and “Pierce County”, when they should have been because they are proper nouns.

One part that made me want to read more on this topic is the PACE Program because it could be offered in other locations.

On a 1 to 4 scale where 1 is the lowest possible and 4 is the highest possible, I rate this contribution a 3 overall, because very beneficial and important information was provided, but the paragraph could have been broken up so it would be easier to follow.

Greenwashing Post Prompt

After reading the course slides on Greenwashing, I come up with this question. Is being Green too much and does it hinder us?I thought of this question because the slides on having a “green” life so too say really stuck out to me. Being green is great, you eat healthy-organic foods, and also buy organic products. But can this be too much?

I thought of this question because of someone that I know. Somebody I know, who is a mom, buys EVERYTHING either organic or “green” so to speak for her baby. Not too mention she is a vegetarian so everything she eats, her baby eats too. Now nothing is wrong with being a vegetarian and buying everything organic, but in a way it can be too much. This woman is also under the impression that just because something is “organic” makes it the best thing in the world and that she has to buy it because it is the absolute best thing for her baby. Yes, in a way buying green can be beneficial for us, but we have to look at other options as well. I recently did a post prompt on the difference between buying “organic” Honest Company Diapers vs. Luvs Diapers. The results were shocking and there was absolutely no difference in the products other than one was WAY more expensive than the other. You know which one it was? Yup, the Honest Company Diapers.

So basically my point here is that buying “organic” products and living a so called “green” lifestyle really can be hindering us. Another word would be tricking us, the “greener” companies are tricking us just to get our money by promoting there products by saying that they are “healthy for us” or “makes us green”, but really all these products have the exact same ingredients in them. So by buying the less expensive products we are still getting the fresh, healthy products that we hoped for.

Glossary Post 4

Food Culture

Food Environment

Eating Patterns 

Food culture is a lot of things. It is how you grew up eating. It is how you grew up shopping. it is also what has been available to you most of your life. It is how the people around you cook. All of these things have taught you how to feed yourself when you grew up. It is hard to break routine and cravings, and sometimes that is not always necessary. Moderation and balance is what is necessary. We all have the comfort food that makes us think of home. But if that food isn’t the best for you health, it doesn’t mean it needs to go, you just means you have to make room for things better for you.

Food Environment is Schedules, Work/school places, Living situations, Neighborhoods, Finances, Social influences, Politics,  and Industry. All of these things can effect your behavior, your internal stress and time management. All of these things can have a huge effect on the weight management and diet. If you can take control of your life in one or more of these aspects, it could help a lot with  your diet and health outcome.

Eating patterns can be effected by Preference, Habit/Tradition, Social pressure, Availability, Convenience and Economy and more. These things are not as changeable, but can we worked around with some effort. Being aware of what you have and what you can work with can effect your outcome when it comes to diet and health changes. Even the smallest change can make a difference.

Glossary Post 3

Moral obligation and self-identity

Theory of Planned Behavior

sustainable consumers

Moral obligation and self-identity- the process of knowing what we should do vs. how we view or want to view ourselves. This process is being aware of yourself and the changes that need to be done. What will allow people to fully make that change. What is the biggest barrier people face when they know what they should be doing? The first step is to acknowledge it, then the second step is to make an attempt.

Theory of planned behavior is the constructs of attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, & intention. This entails that there might be a relationship between the outcomes of peoples actions and the reality of their behaviors, intentions, norms and attitudes. If we cab improve a persons attitude and behavioral control, could that have an effect on their willingness participate in a desired action.

Sustainable consumers is a term that implies that a person is willing to meet their own needs, but does not lose sight of the needs of others in the long-term. There can be a balance. If people made conscious decisions that would positively impact not only themselves in the future, but others too, i believe that their would be a lot less stress and concern in peoples lives.

 

Glossary Post 2

New Drug Application (NDA)

DTC Ads

Patent Protection and Generics 

New Drug Applications a generally only used for “Me too” drugs. Me too drugs are generic and cheaper drugs that are very similar to the original.  This will often result in no benefits to the consumer, in fact it raises prices even higher. at a public health stand point, we have to wonder who has the patients best interest in mind. we want people to take care of their bodies, but how can we encourage those who can’t afford it?

DTC ads stands for direct to consumer ads. DTC ads are advertisements for pharmaceuticals.  The FDA as set standards for DTC ads, stating what they must state about their product. It is easy to attract consumers through commercial advertising, so it is important to be as honest as possible. Those who show interest in drugs they learned about through DTC ads have the right to know what they taking and what they might be risking. Those who fallow through with these interests should be advised to consult with their medical provider.

Patent drugs are drugs that are claimed by license or right during the development process. No one else can sell a drug like it until the patent expires. After this happens, other manufactures can apply to sell its generic. Patents often allow for higher prices. this brings up an initial issues of whether or not the right intention is there.