All posts by meghanj124

Peer Review

I am reviewing cnevans1 post “Early Life and Childhood Prompt 1”. Their discussion of parents and future parents being incredibly vulnerable consumers is spot on. I have seen this first hand when my cousins and other family members have babies on the way. I believe that it would be very beneficial for a new parent or parent to be to read this post because it discusses the differences between a child’s wants, a child’s needs, and what a parent thinks the child needs. This comparison is the strongest part of cnevans1’s discussion because so often these three subjects become cloudy and it can be difficult to differentiate between wants, needs, and expectations. I wanted to read more about this topic when they discussed C-sections and natural birth. My mother had a C-section that saved our lives, my half sister had two emergency C-sections, and so many other women have C-sections for a variety of reasons. Recently, it has become normal to shame women for having C-sections. I have seen women tell other women that they are not real mothers and should be ashamed of themselves for not having a natural birth. And this breaks my heart because if anyone said anything like that to my mom, I would want to break them. I would love to do more research into the stigma behind C-sections and how to break that stigma. I would give cnevans1 a 3.5 out of 4 for this post. It was in depth and discussed multiple aspects of new parenthood and what it is like to be expecting a child.

Glossary Post 5

  1. Pesticide
  2. Herbicide
  3. Sustainability

Pesticide is the overarching term for herbicides, insecticides, and other substances that control pests. Pesticides are often highly debated due to concerns about safety for those consuming the crops but not those picking the crops but that is a whole political debate that I don’t want to start right now.

An herbicide is a pesticide that kills weeds. Often called weedkillers, herbicides can protect crops from weeds as well as anything that the weeds attract including animals, insects, and diseases.

Sustainability is the ability to maintain or stay at a level. Oftentimes, manufacturers and businesses are not sustainable because there is not an equal balance of output and gains. This also applies to the earth. Without sustainable agriculture, the environment becomes too affected by the production and in turn the production becomes affected because their was not enough balance to ensure sustainability.

Glossary Post 4

  1. Life Expectancy
  2. Equity
  3. Equality

Life expectancy is the estimated amount of time that an individual will live. In the United States, the average life expectancy is 78.7 years. Life expectancy will vary by country to country, state to state, even neighborhood to neighborhood. People of color in the US have lower life expectancy than white individuals and each ethnicity has a different life expectancy.

Equity and Equality are often confused. Equity acknowledges that everyone is an individual and has individual needs while Equality treats everyone as if they have the same needs. It is more important to strive for an equitable society than an equal society.

Glossary Post 3

For this glossary post I chose the three words below to define more –

  1. Morbidity
  2. Mortality
  3. Moral Obligation

Morbidity can mean two things. The first is a state of disease or illness. Oftentimes a morbidity is something that will lead to mortality. Morbidity can also be the incidence of an illness in a community. The morbidity rate takes into account the individuals afflicted with the illness and those who are healthy.

Mortality is the ratio of actual deaths to expected deaths. Mortality is often related to death rate. Often times mortality is spoken about when someone has a near death experience that “makes them understand their own mortality”.

Moral Obligations are those obligations that come from a belief of what is right and what is wrong. Most times the obligation arises from ethical beliefs. However, each individual has different moral obligations because everyone’s morals and ethics are slightly different.


The first image below is of a can of soup, 8 ounces of soup cost $3.29.

The second image below is of a box of granola bars, the box cost $5.09.

The third image below is of a box of single serving instant macaroni and cheese, this cost $3.59.

These images represent the high prices of gluten free options on campus. The images were taken at the C-Store in the SURC. Not only were the foods priced highly but there were so few options that I could only take a few pictures. The questions I chose to address with these photos were “what options do I have?” and “who has the upper hand and how?”. To answer the first one, I went to the C-Store to see what options students on a meal plan had, which were very few and far between. Only one individual shelf had gluten free options that were labeled and certified gluten free. It is obvious to see who has the upper hand in this situation – the producers and the sellers. Most individuals that eat gluten free do not do so by choice and must buy the overpriced items in order to eat. I have experienced this myself as well as my mom and some of my coworkers.

Taking these pictures did not really open my eyes to anything I didn’t know before because I have lived gluten free for years and I understand how we are a trapped market. I believe any individual that has never thought about consumer health or had to think about being gluten free would benefit from this project because it would make them pay attention to what other consumers have to deal with every time they go to the store. I believe that these images will give other readers the opportunity to understand and see what individuals that live gluten free experience when they go shopping – including the high prices for smaller amounts of food.

Glossary Post 2

For my second glossary post I’ve decided to define and discuss

  1. Epidural
  2. Pre-conception life stages
  3. Healthy People 2020

An epidural is an injection of medication that blocks the transmission of pain impulses, which can assist in making labor more comfortable and bearable for women. An epidural is injected into the lower back during labor.

Pre-conception life stages are the stages of life when individuals think about having a child for the first time or having a child again. During the pre-conception stages, individuals may have genetic histories investigated, they may stop high risk behaviors including smoking an drinking, and they may be tested for any STIs.

Healthy People 2020 is the department of health’s plan to improve health outcomes across different populations throughout the United States. Healthy People 2020 goals include improving vaccination rates and lowering the incidence rate of HIV.

Glossary Post 1

The first three terms I decided to define and discuss are

  1. The Affordable Care Act
  2. Social Ecology
  3. Evidence-Based

The Affordable Care Act was passed in 2010 under President Barack Obama. The ACA is often called Obamacare but this is a misnomer and makes the bill more partisan than it should be. The ACA ended insurance rejection due to pre-existing conditions as well as made insurance cover all forms of birth control.

Social Ecology is a social theory that accounts for social, environmental, and economic factors. The theory is often depicted as a venn diagram with each cross-over section representing different ways society can be seen- Bearable, Viable, and Equitable.

Evidence Based medicine is an approach to medical practice that emphasizes the importance of evidence and research in treatment. Evidence based medicine promotes decisions made based on evidence and research rather than beliefs of practitioners.

Green Washing Post

Prompt: Do you believe CWU is a green/eco friendly campus? What are improvements the university can make to create a greener campus? What measures can students take to be greener on campus?

After reading the greenwashing slides, I struggled to find a unique prompt to discuss but I went to campus to study and the prompt hit me. Do I believe CWU is a green campus? Somewhat. I believe that Central works hard to be sustainable and promote eco-friendly ideas but I believe the school could do more. Currently the school has recycling bins, Zip Car spots (Zip Cars are cars that people share using an app), and even offers a sustainability major. Though these may seem like major accomplishments, CWU also has some downfalls when it comes to being green. The marketplace in the SURC uses paper plates to serve food and most of these end up being thrown away rather than recycled. If the marketplace switched to plastic baskets or regular plates  for students eating in the SURC, the paper waste would drop. CWU could also try to create sustainable housing. Humboldt State University has some residence halls/homes that are sustainable. Simple and not simple changes could create a greener campus environment at CWU. I believe that students can also be more conscious of green ideas on campus. Students eating in the SURC can ask for regular plates rather than paper and can use refillable water bottles since the SURC has fill stations at the water fountains now. If CWU students chose to make simple changes such as reusable water bottles and asking for reusable dishware when dining in the SURC, Central could become greener through a grassroots style movement, bottom up rather than top down.

Photo Voice Part 1

I know this is late, I mixed up the dates for some of the posts so I’m trying to get back on track.

For the photo voice project I will post images of food that are recommended for individuals that have autoimmune diseases, like myself. The other images will show the pricing of these foods to show the trapped market we live in. The photos will address the questions “what choices do I have?” and “who has the upper hand and how?”.

Pharmaceuticals Prompt 2

On the FDA website I found that some of the information was consumer friendly while other information was not. The first link I clicked on was the getting consumer input link. That took me to a section that discussed why listening to the consumer is important. It also stated that “This site was developed as a collaborative effort between FDA and EthicAd to educate consumers about DTC prescription drug advertisements”. I believe that this is a good start to being more consumer friendly. However, I know that not all people have the same education level or understanding of health terminology which can limit how well someone understands what is said during drug advertisement. The website also had a question tab for frequently asked questions about the FDA and its regulations which I believe would be very helpful for someone that may not have the same knowledge of health and medication as a more health educated person.

 Consumers are still at risk for many reasons. They may not understand their own health and believe an advertised medication may help them but in reality it could harm them. I also believe that the lack of education I discussed earlier is a huge danger to people. The long lists of possible side effects are daunting and can frighten people away from medication that could help them. Many of them do not understand that the drastic side effects have only occurred in such a minuscule percentage that the likelihood of it happening to them is next to none but companies are required to put all known side effects in the open.