All posts by gmoreno2017

PhotoVoice Idea

For my photovoice project, I will be answering two questions: How healthy is it? And Why is it so difficult to be healthy/easy to be unhealthy. I will create a PowerPoint slide that will contain an image of a healthy home-cooked meal. I will list all the ingredients that I need to create the meal as well as the cost of each ingredient. My second image will have unhealthy foods that can be purchased for the same price as the one healthy home-cooked meal.


Pharmaceutical Industry Prompt 1

One point is that it seems that anyone can do a DTC ad. The “distinguished doctor” was not a doctor, but a fraud. He recommends people take an anti-cholesterol drug. So, consumers thought that he was a real doctor. Obviously, since he’s not a doctor, he shouldn’t have recommended any drugs or posed as a doctor.

The second point is that the United States and New Zealand are the only two countries in the world that allow DTC ads. New Zealand’s population is four million while the United States population is over 325 million. So, it could—is—drastically affect the population. Also, it’s disturbing that there are only two countries in the world that allow DTC ads. I’m also wondering why the FDA eased up on companies when it’s purpose to inform the people.

The third point is that these DTC ads serves as a way to give us a direct approach to what you should buy. Instead, it should just inform the consumer about the product and give them a choice comfortably. An acceptable public health solution should be a product that informs the positive and negative effects to the consumer. They should be well informed and can make the decision on their own.

Illness and Mortality Prompt 1

When reading the article “California Hospitals Lose Ground In Quality Of Care, Report Card Shows,” it provides some good information. The immediate thing that I saw that was helpful was the fact that they provided a report card of several hospitals in the state of California. This was to show how well they take care of their patients and to prevent further harm to come to them. What makes me wonder is how do they grade these hospitals. Jan Emerson-Shea, who is the Spokeswoman for the California Hospital Association says, “While these scorecards often serve as a good starting point for patients to ask questions of their health-care provider, they should not be viewed as being a definitive source for determining the quality of care provided by any hospital.” This makes me wonder what the criteria is for grading hospitals. I would advise people to look further into how these hospitals are graded. I would also look an unbiased government or organization website that people can check out for themselves. This will help those decide what is the best care for their loved ones and not worry about making things worse.

Food Prompt 1

When reading the articles listed on the Food Matters page, there was a couple of things that were new to me. First, even if avoiding desserts for the purpose of not consuming as much sugar isn’t really helping. In fact, when reading the article “Hidden in Plain Sight” under the sugar science website, sugar is added to many things that are packaged anyway. Certain products like bread, savory foods, and pasta sauce are an example provided. Also, when it comes to eating healthy, there are added sugars to items like yogurt, energy bars, and even ketchup. Yogurt is quite surprising since it is usually a snack that people eat to avoid other junk food and energy bars are usually for those who want to lose weight and use them to avoid eating other unhealthy snacks. Looking at this information is concerning because when it comes to eating right, I need to know what to get. I need to be able to trust the labels and can pass this knowledge to others if they want to eat healthier as well. The way this concern could affect people’s policy decisions is some could have a craving for sugar more than others. In this case, this would affect their diet and would interfere with trying to eat healthier. I think if I were to share this information with others who are less informed, they would probably be shocked by what I’ve learned. I would hope they can process this knowledge and possibly change their way of eating and continue spreading the news they learned too.

Glossary Building 4

When it comes to the three words for glossary building, I feel allergens was a good fit. Allergens can be a variety of things. Seasonally, fabrics, and foods are just a few examples. When we look at consumer health, these examples are perfect to reference. Many people have allergies and being conscious on what you purchase can prevent a reaction.


Viruses are cell based host and have no antibiotics for them. In consumer health, we need to be able to learn how to prevent ourselves from catching a virus and how to not spread it to help others. Bacteria is a microorganism, which can be received from food that isn’t cooked properly. Another is through eating meals raw. We can still eat certain meals like sourdough bread that must build bacteria to have that tangy taste to it.

  • Allergens
  • Virus
  • bacteria

Glossary Building 3

When we look at these three words, I believe they are perfect for consumer health. When we look at bankruptcy, it is a scary word, and a term you do not want to use or have applied to your life. Bankruptcy is applied to consumer health because if a person needs to pay for surgeries, medication, or anything else health related, and they have declared bankruptcy, then it would be difficult for them to pay off their bills, or to acquire any medication. Bankruptcy heavily limits people. Intersection is a term that can describes the status of an individual.

An example of intersection would be a poor gay white man.  Intersection can be applied to consumer health because a lower-income level person would perhaps have a much difficult time paying off their bills or paying for services that a person of a higher-level income. Another term that may be useful to consumers is predatory lending. Sellers take advantage that people need to pay for medicine, treatment, or anything else health related, but are unable to pay for it. So, sellers loan these people money but the catch is that they must obviously return the money, but the interest rate is extremely high.


  • Bankruptcy
  • Intersection
  • predatory lending


Finance Prompt 1

When it comes to financial health and decision-making, I feel it is critical to share how to be smart with your money. Especially when it comes to student loans. The Institute for college access & success gives 10 tips on how to be smart with your student loans. As a college student, I think this is quite crucial because student loans are very intimidating and one wrong move can make your financial life difficult. For example, pick a payment option that works for you or know your loans and how you can pay them off. As a consumer, I have hope in the fact that I can figure out how to work with my finances. I have family members who know how to work with finance and they can pass that knowledge with me, which will help. I think policymakers and consumers have to solve how to make things fair when it comes to financing. They have to see what can work with consumers and as the consumer, they have to figure out what policy works for them.


When it comes to planning families, they can be vulnerable to sellers trying to target them into buying unneeded things. For example, when reading Jeannette Moninger from Parent Magazine, she talks about a family who paid to store their baby’s umbilical-cord in a private bank. They were relieved that they had planned and had been smart; however, that wasn’t the case. The doctors told them their child’s umbilical-cord cannot be used due to it having a genetic defect. This, of course, upset the family and caused regret in trusting a bank that clearly created a false advertisement. This demonstrates that new families are the targets to sellers. Families want the best for their first child and to be prepared so they may consume certain things that really aren’t needed. Next was the article written by Anna Gorman called “U.S. infant mortality rate declines.” She discusses in her article about how in the past health officials would focus solely on providing quality prenatal care for mothers. However, they found out that the medical care cannot undo the lifetime of exposure to bad environments and stress that expecting mothers sometimes go through.

What I think that most pre-parents and young adult parents would like to know to make the best possible choice for themselves and children is that they don’t need to consume every little thing that sellers try to throw at them. Sellers target new parents because new parents are nervous and perhaps fearful of not being a good parent. And sellers know this and target them. What parents also should know that having a good diet (and not just during pregnancy) is beneficial for the parents and children. Parents should try to exercise, not consume any drugs/alcohol, and reduce the amount of stress they have. Also, being informed by your doctor would be important and to stay informed.

Glossary Building Part 2

When discussing consumer health, these three words pop up when scrolling through the slides in the “birth” PowerPoint. When the word contraception comes to mind, we think of sex and how to be safe about it. Fortunately, there are many meanings to this word which could be using condoms as a contraception or birth control pills. It just depends on what you use that makes this word have many meanings.


Next looking at preconception, there’s a “twist” to that as well. If we look at a poor preconceived health, that means that the parent wasn’t prepared for a birth or chose not to prepare. If we look at good preconceived health, you can see that the birth was well thought out and was prepared to be a parent. Evidence-Based is a word with many meanings as well. In health, we can see that evidence-based is used because there are many ways to express what you’re talking about and with support, you can show how valid your argument using an evidence-based discussion.



  • Contraception


  • Preconception


  • Evidence-Based

CP & R Prompt One

After reviewing a few articles under the consumer protection & regulations page, I decided to talk about the recall on Toyota vehicles that needed replaced parts for their brakes on certain vehicles. As a consumer, I do feel safe just because many car industries do recall their vehicles to have certain areas fixed on them, and fix them with no charge for you. I did not know that Toyota does not need an approval from the NHTSA to undergo such actions to their vehicles. The NHTSA would be an agency I would learn more about, just because I would like to know more about their involvement in the vehicle industry. This is something I would make all consumers aware of, which can help make certain decisions if needed.