All posts by cnevans1

PhotoVoice Project Part 2

When marijuana was legalized in 2012 in the State of Washington, it was not much longer before recreational stores started popping up everywhere. Even in Ellensburg there are 3 recreational marijuana stores. Cle Elum and Roslyn also have 3 stores in the area. The growing popularity of the cannabis industry can not be ignored and because of its contents, consumers should be aware of what they are being sold and what their choices are.

What are my choices and who’s selling me what?
I took a trip down to Ellensburg’s very own Cannabis Central where I took pictures of a few of the products they had for sale. I asked for a sample of marijuana flower, oil,  edibles, and body balm to take pictures of.

They provided me with a 2 gram package of “DDAWG QUIN-N-TONIC”. This is an indica dominant hybrid strain with a total THC percentage of 21.26% that costs $20. When it comes to marijuana there are 3 types you can get. Indicas, sativas, and hybrids indicas tend to have a sedating, full-body effect on people. The physical leaves are short and bushy and when consumed it is said to help with anxiety, insomnia, pain, and muscle spasms (Leafly, 2017). Sativas, on the other hand, are said to give you a “head high”, as well as make you more focused, uplifting and spark your creativity. It is said to relieve symptoms of depression, ADD, fatigue, and mood disorders (Leafly, 2017). Hybrids are a mix of indicas and sativas. They can be a 50/50 mix of the two, or they can be dominant towards one or the other. This appeals to people who do not want the full effects of either strain.

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Next, they provided me with 1 gram of oil, with a total THC percentage of 75%. Oil is a more concentrated form of marijuana. It is much higher in percentage compared to other forms therefore the effects are felt much stronger. Depending on the strain and THC percentage, the price usually ranges from $20-$40. CBC is a component that is THC free and is very helpful with pain. With this, you do not feel like you are “high” and do not feel the effects that you would with indicas and sativas. Instead, the CBC affects only the sight of pain. CBC oil is said to be very helpful with individuals who suffer from frequent seizures. (Epilepsy, 2017).

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Edibles can come in tons of different forms. Cookies, brownies, candies, tablets, just to name a few. They gave me a package of blue raspberry candy pebbles that contained 10 candies, each with 10 mg of THC in them, totaling 100 mg THC per package. Edibles appeal to the crowd who are intending to feel the effects of marijuana but do not want to smoke it either due to health or personal reasons.

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Lastly, the body balm they provided me with 350 total mg of THC in it. Interestingly, it also contained Kava kava, which is notorious for its sedating and pain relieving effects on the body (WEBMD, 2017). Body balms, as well as lip balms, and moisturizers, are used on people who have muscle, skin, and joint pains in certain areas. After direct contact with the balm, the effects are supposed to relieve the pain temporarily.

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Experience taking the photos
At first, I thought it might be awkward to go into a store that sells drugs and ask to take pictures. After I got over the idea, I went in at a decently slow time of the day so I wouldn’t be disrupting their flow of business. Fortunately, there was a friendly girl working there who helped me out without hesitation. I informed her I was doing a school project and needed to photograph a few items and she recommended a few to her liking that I should photograph. This project helped my thinking in consumer health because it made me realize that especially when it comes to drugs, we should know what we are consuming and who is selling it to us. The great thing about marijuana being legalized now is that when you buy it, it tells you who it is from, when it was harvested, what is in it, and what kind it is. As opposed to buying it off the streets and not knowing anything about what kind it is and what is in it. I think as college students we tend to trust our friends a lot when it comes to drugs and alcohol and if I hadn’t completed this course or project I may not have realized the impact that we as consumers have on our own health.

If someone had never been exposed to discussions of consumer health issues and approaches, completing a project like this may be beneficial because it could inspire somebody to educate themselves not only about this topic but every topic. When people are more aware and educated there is more chance for change to happen and progress to be made. My project provides the general public with a basic standard of what you should expect to see when you walk into a recreational marijuana store.

References

Epilepsy. 2017. CBC Oil for Seizures. Retrieved from https://www.epilepsy.com/connect/forums/living-epilepsy-adults/cbd-oil-seizures

Leafly. 2017. Sativa vs. Indica vs. Hybrid: What’s the Difference Between Cannabis Types? Retrieved from https://www.leafly.com/news/cannabis-101/sativa-indica-and-hybrid-whats-the-difference-between-cannabis-ty

Web MD. 2017. Kava Kava-Topic Overview. Retrieved from https://www.webmd.com/balance/stress-management/tc/kava-topic-overview#1

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Peer Reviewed Comment

For my peer-reviewed comment, I decided to review thejenetic’s food prompt 1.

  • From reading this contribution, I learned that there are over 61 names that added sugars can be listed in food and nutrition labels under. This was surprising to me because it seems somewhat deceptive that companies would try and add certain ingredients that are unhealthy for us and change the name so we aren’t aware.
  • It would be good for a parent to read this contribution because of how well you went in depth about childhood obesity and its correlation to sugar intake. You mentioned how child obesity has risen from 7% to 18% since the 1970s in 6-11 year olds. Unfortunately this is not surprising because of the unhealthy diets that most Americans engage in.

  • The strongest (or most credible) part of this contribution is your summarization of the study done using 43 cocaine-addicted rats to prove that sugar is more addicting than cocaine. This is a strong study and it was very nicely and briefly recapped by you.

  • Something that someone might question about this contribution is what kind of actions did the Obama Administration take in order to improve the nutritional standards of school lunches?

  • One part that I had to read more than once in order to understand it is that there was a law that was passed allowing tomato sauce on pizza to be considered a vegetable serving. I read this multiple times, not because there was an error in your work, but because it just sounds so appalling to think that somehow pizza was considered a vegetable. Leave it to Americans, right?

  • Your work was well thought out and ultimately error free. There was only one minor slip up in the last paragraph of your contribution where you said “It makes me angry how dishonest our food industry.” Where it should be “It makes me angry how dishonest our food industry IS.”

  • One part that made me want to read more on this topic is all the possible diseases that can come from too much sugar intake. Things such as cardiovascular disease, high triglycerides and hypertension. Even though, as you also mentioned, added sugar is in 74% of packaged foods. IT is crazy to think about how business oriented this country is and how they are more concerned with the sales of product than what we are consuming and putting into our bodies.

  • On a 1 to 4 scale where 1 is the lowest possible and 4 is the highest possible, I rate this contribution a 4 overall, because you provided a well organized response that included specific case studies and actual statistics to prove your points. Your recommendation noted at the end about consumers pushing for better guidelines could not be more spot on. It is clear that we can’t trust the government to do it, so it is up to us as consumers to step in and make a change.

Glossary Post 5

Taking care of the environment has become increasingly more common over the years. Recycling bins everywhere, solar panels, gas emission standards, extra fees for plastic grocery bags, these are all examples of how going green has changed the way some Americans live. “Green” is a marketing term for any good, service, law, or policy that revolves around being eco-friendly. You may see this is restaurants that provide compostable packaging or cars that claim to use less gas and emit less emissions. Sustainability refers to development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. In other words, it means we need to take care of our resources and use them wisely, and what we do use needs to be replaced or reused. Therefore, our future generations will be able to sustain healthy lives as well.

Moral obligation, or what we think we should do. This was a new phrase to me in terms of environmental sustainability. Moral obligation refers to us knowing exactly what needs to be done to make a change or make a choice. This is something that I think we need to take into consideration more because I often find myself over-using a lot of products such as buying plastic straws or getting plastic grocery bags. I know these things contribute to pollution and environmental damage but I still buy it.

  • Green- A marketing term for any good, service, law, or policy that revolves around being eco-friendly.
  • Sustainability- Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
  • Moral Obligation- What we think we should do.

Glossary Post 4

Food has a huge impact on health consumerism which is why the labeling of food is so important. Food labels are regulated by the Food & Drug administration and are required on almost all products sold in your local grocery store. Trans fat is a type of unsaturated fat that is produced industrially by adding hydrogen to liquid oils, making them more solid. “When the Nutrition Facts label says a food contains “0g” of trans fat, but includes “partially hydrogenated oil” in the ingredient list, it means the food contains trans fat, but less than 0.5g of trans fat per serving.” Claiming to have 0g of an ingredient that is in fact in the product is considered to be a health and nutrition related claim. These are claims such as “low fat”, “fat free” “sodium free”, and “sugar free”. They make the product stand out from the rest and make it seem healthier than your other choices. While the amounts may be small, these claims do not mean the ingredient is not present in your food. Because of the confusion, the FDA enforced the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990. This act is the most important piece of food labeling legislation in recent history. It creates the standard at which these claims are held at. For example, “good source of fiber” can only be used when the food contain 10%-19% of the recommended daily value.

Trans Fat- A type of unsaturated fat that is produced industrially by adding hydrogen to liquid oils, making them more solid.

Health and Nutrition Related Claims- Claims such as “low fat”, “fat free” “sodium free”, and “sugar free”.

The Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990- Requires nutrition labeling of most foods regulated by the FDA, and to require that all nutrient content claims and health claims meet FDA regulations.

Source
USDA. 2013. Obesity and Other Health Concerns Lead Food Companies to Step Up Health and Nutrient Claims. Retrieved from https://consuminghealthmatters.files.wordpress.com/2016/05/healthconcernsleadtolabelclaims.pdf

Glossary Post 3

Glossary post 3 will be focusing on age and older persons. Age is inevitable, and how old a person will become is usually determined by life expectancy. The main determinant of life expectancy is age specific death rates of populations. Birth rates and general mortality rates are included as well. These can show us how long the average person in a certain community can be expected to live.

Long- term services and supports (LTSS) include all services and providers that assist in an individual’s daily tasks such as eating, brushing, bathing, cleaning, and taking medications. These services are important because some illness and accidents have made it so that some people need life-long assistance. These services are important to the older generation because many of them may not have families that can tend to them full-time. Many of those utilizing LTSS are baby boomers. This refers to the group of people born in the years after World War II where there was a significant increase in birth rate. America’s health care costs will likely increase as this group of people reach older ages.

  • Life expectancy- How old a person will become
  • Long-term services and supports (LTSS)- Long-term services and supports provide assistance with activities of daily living. 
  • Baby boomers- The group of people born in the years after World War II where there was a significant increase in birth rate.

Sources

ASAGING. 2014. Aging in the Community. Retrieved from http://www.asaging.org/blog/aging-community-communitarian-alternative-aging-place-alone

KFF. 2015. Medicaid and Long-Term Services and Supports: A Primer. Retrieved from https://www.kff.org/medicaid/report/medicaid-and-long-term-services-and-supports-a-primer/

 

Glossary Post 2

This glossary building post is about food. Food is a huge part of health consumerism from all ranges of the spectrum from advertisements, to ingredients, to prices. Understanding what some of these food terms mean can help up make healthier choices, spend our hard earned money wiser, and decipher what these food labels and food companies are trying to sell us.

The Food & Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for protecting the public health by ensuring the safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation. They are also responsible for advancing the speed at which new medical innovations are made effective. The FDA is responsible to providing recommended daily reference values. These are simply amounts of certain nutrients such as fat, protein, sugar, and carbohydrates that a person should eat in a single day. They are represented on food labels as percentages of daily value (DV). Added sugar is sugar that is added to a food at the table, in the kitchen, or in the manufacturing plant. It is sugar that does not naturally appear in foods and manufacturers add sugar to 74% of packaged foods sold in supermarkets, according to Sugar Science (2017).

  • Added Sugar- Any sugar added in preparation of foods, either at the table, in the kitchen or in the processing plant. This may include sucrose, high fructose corn syrup and others.
  • Food & Drug Administration- Responsible for the safety and security of human and veterinary drugs, products, and devices.
  • Daily Reference Value- Recommendations from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the amount of protein, fat, cholesterol and carbohydrates a person should eat in a day. Food labels are based on these numbers, which is shown as “DV%”

Source

Sugar Science. 2017. Hidden in Plain Sight. Retrieved from http://sugarscience.ucsf.edu/hidden-in-plain-sight/#.Win32WJSy8q

Glossary Post 1

Student loan debt can have a huge impact on a person’s finances. The debt can vary depending on the type of loan, scholarships awarded, and the type of school you attend. Private schools normally cost at least twice as much as public schools do, and attending an out-of-state school can also rack up more tuition fees than attending an in-state school. Paying off student loans can be difficult as a new graduate still on the search for jobs. Fortunately, the Institute for College Access and Success provided some tips on how to make the process easier, as well as some things we may not know about in general when it comes to student loans.

A grace period is the time after completion of school that you have to begin making payments to your student debt. Some grace periods vary depending on the loan but most are 6 to 9 months. After this, you have the option of Deferment. This is a way of postponing the payment or reducing the payment amount for a certain amount of time depending on eligibility. With a deferment you may not being responsible to pay the interest that acquires on the loan either. Some people may have more than one source of debt, in which case a consolidation loan may be the right fit. This is a loan in which you can combine the rest of your loans and make one single monthly payment, instead of several payments to different sources. The cons to consolidation loans is that it extends the time of repayment, increasing the amount of interest being paid.

  • Grace period- the time after completion of school that you have to begin making payments to your student debt.
  • Deferment- a way of postponing the payment or reducing the payment amount for a certain amount of time
  • Consolidation loan- a way of combining all loans into one monthly payment with a fixed interest.

Source

TICAS. The Top 10 Student Loan Tips for Recent Graduates. Retrieved from https://ticas.org/content/posd/top-10-student-loan-tips-recent-graduates

PhotoVoice Part 1

For my project, I will be discussing advertisement and use of marijuana. Marijuana has been a hot topic in the U.S. ever since it was legalized a few years ago. Ever since then, I have seen numerous marijuana stores open up in places all over. I plan to cover these questions in my project.

  • “Who’s selling me what?”
  • “What choice/s do I have?”

Food Prompt 2

I’m just going to come right out and say that my eating habits are probably considered really unhealthy. However, after reading Why “Everything in Moderation” Doesn’t Work, I was definitely more aware of the food i was putting in my body. Quite often, I am short on time and grab something quick and cheap on the go. I normally don’t even keep track of what foods I eat at all, meaning some weeks I will cook all week and others I won’t cook at all. It just depends on the day and what my plans are. After taking this class and reading this article specifically, I have learned that my unhealthy eating habits can not be justified by moderation anymore. Because I am young, I don’t really think about the effects that eating unhealthy can have on my body. Most CVD don’t develop until older ages so I have always just eaten whatever I want. This article really opened my eyes to my eating habits and how these things can really take a toll on your body If I were to start taking my eating habits seriously I think my first step would be to eliminate all sugary drinks from my diet. Soda and juice contain so much sugar and other “super villains” in such small amounts. After that I would probably cut out snacks and add more veggies to my diet. The article stated that you need far more “ordinary” food to cancel out the super villain food, so incorporating more veggies and nutrients in general would be a great start to changing my diet.

Challenge (One small act of kindness for 3 days)

About 7 years ago I took a trip to Spain with my little sister and my Aunt. The three of us were shopping in a tiny hole-in-the-wall jewelry shop when my Aunt stopped and randomly complimented a woman on her outfit. This woman was visiting Spain from Germany and her and my Aunt exchanged numbers and E-mails. A few years later my Aunty told me she had a friend coming to stay with her in Portland (where she lived at the time). It ended up being the same woman that she met in that shop, who she had kept in touch with all that time. Moral of the story is that one small act of kindness could lead you to an endless amount of possibilities.

I took this challenge because I am the type of person who really keeps to myself a lot, yet I know how good it makes me feel when somebody I know or a stranger randomly compliments me. I thought it would be a good way to sort of break out of my own shell and make somebody feel good at the same time. It ended up being a rewarding experience and I’ve actually made it my goal to continue this. I don’t exactly have a set amount of compliments I want to give out each week, but naturally whenever I admire something about someone I will make it my goal to speak up and let them know.

Day 1

When I remembered about this challenge the first day, I wanted to make sure that I got it out of the way while I was at school on Monday, because I knew I wouldn’t be going back outside of my house for the rest of the day after I got home from school. Because of this, it was on my mind constantly. I didn’t want to compliment somebody just for the sake of the challenge either, I wanted it to be genuine at the same time. I ended up going to get coffee after class, a normal routine of mine, and working at the coffee shop was a girl and her make-up was SO pretty. Almost as if I just blurted it out, I told her I loved her make-up and asked her what kind of highlighter she wears. Almost any girl out there will agree with me when I say that when girls compliment each other’s make-up, it’s an instantaneous friendship! The girl smiled and we got into a short conversation about products and how expensive some make-up can be. I could tell she appreciated the compliment when I initially said it, and because it wasn’t a forced compliment, I didn’t even think about it before going into it.

Day 2

The second day I almost forgot about the challenge until I was at work for the night. My co-worker and I got into a conversation about what we want to do after school and the kind of places we would want to live in. She mentioned wanting to live in a big city one day, since she grew up in a small town, but she didn’t think that she ever would. In the end I ended up telling her that I admired her perseverance in school and how hardworking she has to be to continue on and get her master’s degree (something she is working on now). If she continued to strive and work hard she could live anywhere she wanted. I could tell that it really raised her spirits and boosted her confidence knowing that somebody with an outside perspective genuinely thought that of her. This made me feel pretty good inside knowing I sparked some sort of flame in her.

Day 3

The third day I was at work (I work in a restaurant) when when a lady walked up with her two daughters who were roughly around 2 and 5 years old. She mentioned that her husband was in a conference and she and her daughters wanted to grab lunch in the meantime. I told the woman how adorable her daughters were and how cute of a family they looked like. She said thank you and it seemed like she appreciated the compliment. I’m sure as a mother of two young children times can be tough but a small compliment like that can flip somebody’s day around.