Food has a huge impact on health consumerism which is why the labeling of food is so important. Food labels are regulated by the Food & Drug administration and are required on almost all products sold in your local grocery store. Trans fat is a type of unsaturated fat that is produced industrially by adding hydrogen to liquid oils, making them more solid. “When the Nutrition Facts label says a food contains “0g” of trans fat, but includes “partially hydrogenated oil” in the ingredient list, it means the food contains trans fat, but less than 0.5g of trans fat per serving.” Claiming to have 0g of an ingredient that is in fact in the product is considered to be a health and nutrition related claim. These are claims such as “low fat”, “fat free” “sodium free”, and “sugar free”. They make the product stand out from the rest and make it seem healthier than your other choices. While the amounts may be small, these claims do not mean the ingredient is not present in your food. Because of the confusion, the FDA enforced the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990. This act is the most important piece of food labeling legislation in recent history. It creates the standard at which these claims are held at. For example, “good source of fiber” can only be used when the food contain 10%-19% of the recommended daily value.
Trans Fat- A type of unsaturated fat that is produced industrially by adding hydrogen to liquid oils, making them more solid.
Health and Nutrition Related Claims- Claims such as “low fat”, “fat free” “sodium free”, and “sugar free”.
The Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990- Requires nutrition labeling of most foods regulated by the FDA, and to require that all nutrient content claims and health claims meet FDA regulations.
USDA. 2013. Obesity and Other Health Concerns Lead Food Companies to Step Up Health and Nutrient Claims. Retrieved from https://consuminghealthmatters.files.wordpress.com/2016/05/healthconcernsleadtolabelclaims.pdf