Daily Archives: December 7, 2017

Peer Reviewed Comment

For my peer-reviewed comment, I decided to review thejenetic’s food prompt 1.

  • From reading this contribution, I learned that there are over 61 names that added sugars can be listed in food and nutrition labels under. This was surprising to me because it seems somewhat deceptive that companies would try and add certain ingredients that are unhealthy for us and change the name so we aren’t aware.
  • It would be good for a parent to read this contribution because of how well you went in depth about childhood obesity and its correlation to sugar intake. You mentioned how child obesity has risen from 7% to 18% since the 1970s in 6-11 year olds. Unfortunately this is not surprising because of the unhealthy diets that most Americans engage in.

  • The strongest (or most credible) part of this contribution is your summarization of the study done using 43 cocaine-addicted rats to prove that sugar is more addicting than cocaine. This is a strong study and it was very nicely and briefly recapped by you.

  • Something that someone might question about this contribution is what kind of actions did the Obama Administration take in order to improve the nutritional standards of school lunches?

  • One part that I had to read more than once in order to understand it is that there was a law that was passed allowing tomato sauce on pizza to be considered a vegetable serving. I read this multiple times, not because there was an error in your work, but because it just sounds so appalling to think that somehow pizza was considered a vegetable. Leave it to Americans, right?

  • Your work was well thought out and ultimately error free. There was only one minor slip up in the last paragraph of your contribution where you said “It makes me angry how dishonest our food industry.” Where it should be “It makes me angry how dishonest our food industry IS.”

  • One part that made me want to read more on this topic is all the possible diseases that can come from too much sugar intake. Things such as cardiovascular disease, high triglycerides and hypertension. Even though, as you also mentioned, added sugar is in 74% of packaged foods. IT is crazy to think about how business oriented this country is and how they are more concerned with the sales of product than what we are consuming and putting into our bodies.

  • On a 1 to 4 scale where 1 is the lowest possible and 4 is the highest possible, I rate this contribution a 4 overall, because you provided a well organized response that included specific case studies and actual statistics to prove your points. Your recommendation noted at the end about consumers pushing for better guidelines could not be more spot on. It is clear that we can’t trust the government to do it, so it is up to us as consumers to step in and make a change.

Photovoice Project Part 2-Final

For my PhotoVoice Project, I researched makeup and the benefits of buying cheap vs. expensive makeup. First, I went to Fred Meyer and found the cheapest makeup in the store. I was looking for the brand ELF, but they did not have it at Fred Meyer so I found the brand Rimmel London actually being the cheapest.Rimmel London is actually the brand that I use for most of my makeup, like my foundation. The expensive makeup I chose to research was Neutrogena. So in my PhotoVoice Project, I will be comparing the cheap makeup to the expensive makeup.

What choices do I have? 

When anyone walks into the makeup aisle(s) at a supermarket you immediately start to think, what choices do I have? In other words, what makeup choices do I have? The makeup aisle basically throws on you SOOO many different brands of makeup that you really just end up getting stressed out and buying whatever catches your eye. Some people won’t even look past two different brands before they are done and ready to leave. But what happens if you really take your time and look at all the different brands, prices, products? You may just find a foundation that is the BEST foundation in the world at totally works for you, or you will find one that does not work for you AT ALL. So when you walk into the makeup aisle look at all the different choices you have and what really works for you and your budget. For me, I am a sophomore in college and working my butt off every day to make money to buy my makeup. So you could say that I take time and find the cheapest one, which is Rimmel London. Now if I was back at home on the West Side I would just go to Target and buy the ELF brand since that is the cheapest. But since the Fred Meyer here in Ellensburg does not have the brand ELF, I buy Rimmel London.

Who’s selling me what?

I really feel as though Neutrogena is selling its consumers for than Rimmel London. Strictly due to the fact that Neutrogena has much more headlines saying that it is the #1 Dermatologist recommended skin care line. Which yeah I could see as too why it would be because they have healthy products. But that does not mean that you have to buy their products. I first took a bottle of foundation from Neutrogena and compared that to a tube of foundation from Rimmel London. The bottle from Neutrogena was $16.49, whereas the tube from Rimmel London was $5.49. I then compared the two brands with powder, concealer, and bronzer. All were very different prices, and the Neutrogena brand continued to be the more expensive one. When I read some reviews on Neutrogena many believed that one of their skin peels made their skin “dry and itchy”. Now I don’t know if this is just me but if I was too spend 20 plus dollars on a product that I hoped would make my skin feel better, I would be pretty mad if that happened to me. So although Neutrogena is selling their products better and branding more by using celebrities in their commercials, I still believe that there are better products out there for much cheaper.

Who has the upper hand and how? 

Neutrogena definitely has the upper hand in this type of situation. They have more commercials and advertisements than Rimmel London. Neutrogena also has a lot of celebrities in their commercials which helps with the sale of their products. If people see Jennifer Lopez wearing the Neutrogena foundation on commercials than people will want to be like Jennifer Lopez and wear the same foundation! That doesn’t work so much for Rimmel London because a lot of people do not hear about that brand because there are not as many commercials and advertising for that product.

What’s the typical discourse (what “most people” say?) about this & similar products/services? 

Many individuals will talk a lot about the products that they use, especially if they do not work have they hoped. Neutrogena is a very familiar brand and a lot of people chose to wear it. While Rimmel London is sort of on the back burner. Even though Neutrogena has great reviews and rates. The prices, on the other hand, are not so great. I mean for one thing of powder it is $13.99, whereas Rimmel London is only selling their powder for $5.49. A very BIG price difference, which ultimately defeats the same purpose. I personally believe that buying cheaper makeup products are still going to be just as healthy for you, rather than buying the more expensive ones. If people take the time to wash their face, good and clean, at the end of each night than you will not have any problems with buying the cheaper makeup. For me, I use the cheapest makeup products out there, and I continue to make sure I clean my face very well each night. In result, I have clear skin. So if anything buy the cheaper products rather than the expensive ones, because you will benefit from it in the long run.

My experience doing this project was great. I really enjoyed being able to research and do a topic that is close to my heart. I love makeup, probably just like everyone else. and realizing that you do not need to buy expensive makeup makes me feel great! When I first began my project, I went to the store and searched for the most expensive makeup. This was actually a lot more difficult than I thought it would be just because a lot of makeup in Fred Meyer is around the same price, but Neutrogena definitely stood out amongst the rest. When I arrived at the store the first thing I noticed was how many advertisements there are which reminded me of what we learned at the beginning of class! The makeup aisle, I believe, is the most competitive aisle in the whole store. Different brands have their way of trademarking their products so that you, the consumer, will buy them. They will advertise their products to be “healthy for your skin”, or “clean and fresh for your skin”. But all of them say that so how do we really know what is going to work for us and what is not. That’s an answer that only we can answer, and it is by buying the product that we feel like will work us. And if it works, then great you found YOUR makeup. But if it does not, then you go back to the store and move onto the next section or aisle of makeup and try that brand. All in all, you will find the right makeup for you, even if it takes a little time and effort.

PhotoVoice Project Below:


Photovoice Project By Morgan7






Glossary Post 2

For my second glossary post I’ve decided to define and discuss

  1. Epidural
  2. Pre-conception life stages
  3. Healthy People 2020

An epidural is an injection of medication that blocks the transmission of pain impulses, which can assist in making labor more comfortable and bearable for women. An epidural is injected into the lower back during labor.

Pre-conception life stages are the stages of life when individuals think about having a child for the first time or having a child again. During the pre-conception stages, individuals may have genetic histories investigated, they may stop high risk behaviors including smoking an drinking, and they may be tested for any STIs.

Healthy People 2020 is the department of health’s plan to improve health outcomes across different populations throughout the United States. Healthy People 2020 goals include improving vaccination rates and lowering the incidence rate of HIV.

Glossary Post #5

For Glossary Post #5 I came across three words in the DietaryGuidlinesandSugarSlides that I believe is important to know more about. The three words that stuck out to me were Omit, Allergens, and Morality. Although I have heard these words before I have never used them in my personal language, so I would like to know exactly what they mean.

Omit is when you choose to exclude or leave out something important. This can either be a person when you do not want them to be involved or you do not want them to know what you are talking about. This can also be when you do want to exclude something, such as a comment. Many people will use this word when they are referring to something being left out. Such as, “You omitted the most important part of the story in your presentation.”

Allergen is a type of substance that many people are allergic too. It is another term for the common word allergic, which is when your immune system acts abnormally to something. People are allergic to almost everything outside. Including pollen, grasses, dust and some medications. Everyone is different, so not everybody is going to be allergic to one thing.

Mortality is often referred to being associated with death. But also refers to many people be immortal, everybody is going to die one day. Mortality also has to do with the fact that we are not invincible. This is a good word to know as well because it is good to know synonyms for words, especially words that we are not familiar with.

Omit: leave out or exclude (someone or something), either intentionally or forgetfully.

Allergens: any substance, often a protein, that induces an allergy: common allergens include pollen, grasses, dust, and some medications.

Mortality: the state or condition of being subject to death; mortal character, nature, or existence.

Glossary Post 1

The first three terms I decided to define and discuss are

  1. The Affordable Care Act
  2. Social Ecology
  3. Evidence-Based

The Affordable Care Act was passed in 2010 under President Barack Obama. The ACA is often called Obamacare but this is a misnomer and makes the bill more partisan than it should be. The ACA ended insurance rejection due to pre-existing conditions as well as made insurance cover all forms of birth control.

Social Ecology is a social theory that accounts for social, environmental, and economic factors. The theory is often depicted as a venn diagram with each cross-over section representing different ways society can be seen- Bearable, Viable, and Equitable.

Evidence Based medicine is an approach to medical practice that emphasizes the importance of evidence and research in treatment. Evidence based medicine promotes decisions made based on evidence and research rather than beliefs of practitioners.

PhotoVoice – Part 2


I don’t usually have fast food, but when I do, my two favorite places are Subway and Wendy’s.  For this project, I reviewed each locations’ nutrition facts as well as menu prices and compared them.

How healthy is it? Who is selling me what?

This nutrition sheet comes from Subway. There are 5 individual categories: Sandwiches, Salads, Breakfast & Pizza, Breads & Condiments, and Desserts & Sides. Each item listed includes the serving size, Calories, Calories from fat, Total Fat, Saturated & Trans-fat, Cholesterol, Sodium, Carbs, Sugars, Dietary Fiber, Protein and Daily Value Percentage for Vitamin A, C, Calcium and Iron. This may seem like a lot of useful information but to an uniformed consumer, all of this information can be overwhelming and might even be useless unless they are tracking all of their meals and calories. When I go in to subway, everything has nutrition facts, on the overhead and on the glass displays. However, when I order, I don’t usually look at those things, I choose/order what I know I like rather than what I know is good for me and this is the case for most consumers. For instance, I will get a 6 inch 9-grain honey oat bread (230), Italian B.M.T (410), and pepper jack cheese (50). The bread, meats and cheese alone are over 600 calories, keep in mind I haven’t added any vegetables or sauces yet. While choosing subway may seem like the healthy choice, it’s usually not; for a healthy person, one meal should not exceed 500 calories.

For Wendy’s, when you visit the website it has you select a menu category such as a burger, side, or drink and then a specific category whereas subway, just listed everything on one convenient sheet. When I go to Wendy’s I like to order the #1, this is a cheeseburger with fries and a drink. The burger alone has 570 calories, the fries have 320 and the drink depending on what I get (usually Sprite) has 200 calories. The total amount of calories for this meal alone is: 1,090. No, this is not the only meal you will have for the day and this is over half the amount of calories that the average person is supposed to consume daily.

Why is it so difficult to be healthy/easy to be healthy? Do I really know what I need to in order to make a healthy choice?

It is difficult to be healthy when you eat out because regardless of what you know (nutrition information), you will still (probably 8-9/10 times) choose what you like rather than what you know is good for you. It’s also difficult when there is a huge price difference in food. For instance, an entire meal at Wendy’s costs only $5-$6 (burger, fries and drink) but if you were to go to Fred Meyer for say, the burger patties will cost you $7.99 alone; it’s also more time-consuming to make it yourself. Essentially, we do know what we need to know (most of the time) in order to make a healthy choice but chose to ignore it.  Our job as informed consumers is to help inform other consumers starting with our parents or friends who will then tell their friends and continue this learning chain reaction. This is an easy way to begin making people healthier without it seeming like a chore (exercise or clean eating). If more people become informed on eating out and nutrition facts, slowly but surely we can begin to decrease the obesity problem in the United States.

In Ellensburg, I live near a subway which makes my ‘healthy eating’ a little difficult on busier days. The nearest Wendy’s to me is all the way across town where back at home, it was just a few blocks away from my house so this has been good on limiting how many times I go to Wendy’s. Now if I’m craving Wendy’s I have to stop and think “do I really want to drive all the way across town just for a burger?” the answer is usually no. While I working on this project, I realized how bad even Subway is for me. I try to track my calories on a daily basis and usually when I eat out I have a light breakfast or lunch or dinner so that I don’t exceed my calorie count and if I do it’s only by a few calories. However, when I go home on weekends or break, I don’t keep up with it as much and when my parents say let’s go have a burger! I don’t even think about it twice before ordering what I have now learned is really really bad for me.

After the food post in November and learning about moderation and how it doesn’t always work, some days I really have to restrain myself from having Wendy’s or Subway and set myself in the mentality that “okay just because you’ve been eating well for the last few days does NOT mean that you can have a burger today;” Eating out should not be seen as a reward and I’m glad that now I am able to catch myself on those days although it’s a challenge.

I have a 17-year-old brother who up until probably October, would eat out a lot! (Almost every other day or 2). I think someone like him and other high school teens could really benefit from completing a project like this because they would have a chance to see how bad or unhealthy fast food is even if it’s just looking a nutrition sheets and comparing them. Again, if we can stop the problem early on we can slowly but surely begin to decrease the obesity rates in the U.S.

Although I only covered two restaurants and compared them for my project, consumers will be able to see a typical fast food restaurant meal and compare it to the healthy alternative and realize that it’s not as healthy as we would’ve all expected. At Wendy’s your meal can range from 300-1,000 calories and at subway your meal can range from 400-1,000 calories as well depending on sandwich size and if you count every topping, sauce, chips, drink and sometimes cookie. I am hoping that consumers will become curious and begin researching more fast food nutrition facts and compare them, making them informed consumers.

Glossary Post #4

For Glossary Post #4 I came across three words in the 209PharmaSlides that stuck out to me. It is very important for people to understand what these words mean, being that it is from the Pharma Slides. The three words that I chose were Patented, Stagnant, and Exorbitant.

Patented is an exclusive right that is granted by the government, that is passed to either a manufacturer or an inventor to use, or sell for a certain number amount of years. The most we see of this word “patent”, is in products made by companies. Companies will get a patent on their products to protect them in the long run, in case someone uses their same product idea. In this case, if someone invents a product that is patented, you could go to jail because you are violating the law. Another type of patent we see is used in documents, the document is protecting a right that the person has published.

Stagnant has a lot of different meanings but ultimately means dull, sluggish, or not moving. This can be related to many things: such as a standing pool of water, a swimming pool, or air. It is also characterized by a lack of development, advancement or progressive movement. In the PharmaSlides this version of the word is being used to describe how innovation has become “dull, or sluggish”. I believe that this is an important word to know because it is always helpful to know words and how you can express them differently.

Exorbitant is when you have exceeded an amount or reason. This can also have multiple meanings but results when you are trying to explain something, and you want to use different wordage to explain yourself. Again, I believe that is a good word to know because it is always helpful to know synonyms for words that you have never heard of. Such as this one.

Patent: the exclusive right granted by the government to an inventor to manufacture, use, or sell an invention for a certain number of years.

Stagnant: stale or foul from standing, as a pool of water.

Exorbitant: exceeding the bounds of custom, propriety, or reason, especially in amount or extent; highly excessive.

Glossary Post 5

Taking care of the environment has become increasingly more common over the years. Recycling bins everywhere, solar panels, gas emission standards, extra fees for plastic grocery bags, these are all examples of how going green has changed the way some Americans live. “Green” is a marketing term for any good, service, law, or policy that revolves around being eco-friendly. You may see this is restaurants that provide compostable packaging or cars that claim to use less gas and emit less emissions. Sustainability refers to development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. In other words, it means we need to take care of our resources and use them wisely, and what we do use needs to be replaced or reused. Therefore, our future generations will be able to sustain healthy lives as well.

Moral obligation, or what we think we should do. This was a new phrase to me in terms of environmental sustainability. Moral obligation refers to us knowing exactly what needs to be done to make a change or make a choice. This is something that I think we need to take into consideration more because I often find myself over-using a lot of products such as buying plastic straws or getting plastic grocery bags. I know these things contribute to pollution and environmental damage but I still buy it.

  • Green- A marketing term for any good, service, law, or policy that revolves around being eco-friendly.
  • Sustainability- Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
  • Moral Obligation- What we think we should do.

Glossary Post 4

Food has a huge impact on health consumerism which is why the labeling of food is so important. Food labels are regulated by the Food & Drug administration and are required on almost all products sold in your local grocery store. Trans fat is a type of unsaturated fat that is produced industrially by adding hydrogen to liquid oils, making them more solid. “When the Nutrition Facts label says a food contains “0g” of trans fat, but includes “partially hydrogenated oil” in the ingredient list, it means the food contains trans fat, but less than 0.5g of trans fat per serving.” Claiming to have 0g of an ingredient that is in fact in the product is considered to be a health and nutrition related claim. These are claims such as “low fat”, “fat free” “sodium free”, and “sugar free”. They make the product stand out from the rest and make it seem healthier than your other choices. While the amounts may be small, these claims do not mean the ingredient is not present in your food. Because of the confusion, the FDA enforced the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990. This act is the most important piece of food labeling legislation in recent history. It creates the standard at which these claims are held at. For example, “good source of fiber” can only be used when the food contain 10%-19% of the recommended daily value.

Trans Fat- A type of unsaturated fat that is produced industrially by adding hydrogen to liquid oils, making them more solid.

Health and Nutrition Related Claims- Claims such as “low fat”, “fat free” “sodium free”, and “sugar free”.

The Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990- Requires nutrition labeling of most foods regulated by the FDA, and to require that all nutrient content claims and health claims meet FDA regulations.

USDA. 2013. Obesity and Other Health Concerns Lead Food Companies to Step Up Health and Nutrient Claims. Retrieved from https://consuminghealthmatters.files.wordpress.com/2016/05/healthconcernsleadtolabelclaims.pdf

Peer Review Post

For my peer review post, I reviewed bmooreee’s post, “Illness and Mortality #1.”

From reading this contribution, I learned that the WA State Social Services on Elderly Care provided information about services that are available for the elderly, and how they can be paid for.

It would be good for an adult looking for information for an older family member to read this contribution, because it provides helpful information on whether or not the website is useful or not.

The strongest (or most credible) part of this contribution is where the website was criticized. I think many people who read through the website would be wondering the same thing, as to why they didn’t provide any more information about where the services were available.

The weakest part (or something that someone might question) about this contribution is I think it would have been helpful to state which pages this information was found on about services offered, costs, etc. I also suggest that this paragraph could have been broken down into 2-3 paragraphs because it is pretty long and has different topics.

I found a couple typos, spelling, grammar, &/or punctuation errors. “If I were to be looking for services for my loved on…”, “on” was misspelled for “one”. I also saw that the word “county” wasn’t capitalized for “King County”, and “Pierce County”, when they should have been because they are proper nouns.

One part that made me want to read more on this topic is the PACE Program because it could be offered in other locations.

On a 1 to 4 scale where 1 is the lowest possible and 4 is the highest possible, I rate this contribution a 3 overall, because very beneficial and important information was provided, but the paragraph could have been broken up so it would be easier to follow.