For my third glossary post I came across three words in the Dietary Guidelines Slides that I believe were interesting. Being healthy is very important for your body, and yourself. So it is important that people understand what it means to be healthy and what it means to not be healthy. The three words that I chose were Insulin, Dementia, and Adulteration.
Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that allows the body to use sugars in the place of carbohydrates in the food that you eat for energy. Insulin helps keep blood sugar levels from getting too high or too low. We typically see insulin being used with type 1 diabetes patients. People with Type 1 diabetes cannot make insulin because the cells in their pancreas are destroyed. This is why people need injections to help their body process glucose and avoid health complications, like hyperglycemia.
Dementia is a not to be considered a disease, but instead it is considered to be a series of symptoms that all lead to be called dementia. These symptoms include memory loss, difficulty communicating, and confusion or disorientation. A disease that can be happen through dementia is Alzheimer’s. This is a disease, and is seen mostly in older adults. Dementia happens when there is damage in the nerve cells of the brain.
Adulteration is the noun form of adulterate, this can be defined as something that has been diluted with lesser quality ingredients. An example that we typically see of this is when fast food restaurants will use beaks and feet of the chicken and add them into the chicken nuggets. Adulteration is basically the process in which people will take an object and make it impure by adding inferior materials or elements.
- Insulin- a hormone produced in the pancreas by the islets of Langerhans that regulates the amount of glucose in the blood.
- Dementia- a chronic or persistent disorder of the mental processes caused by brain disease or injury and marked by memory disorders, personality changes, and impaired reasoning.
- Adulterate- render (something) poorer in quality by adding another substance, typically an inferior one.
“What Is Insulin?” EndocrineWeb, http://www.endocrineweb.com/conditions/type-1-diabetes/what-insulin.
“Dementia.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 2 Aug. 2017, http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dementia/symptoms-causes/syc-203http://.