For my project, I will be discussing advertisement and use of marijuana. Marijuana has been a hot topic in the U.S. ever since it was legalized a few years ago. Ever since then, I have seen numerous marijuana stores open up in places all over. I plan to cover these questions in my project.
- “Who’s selling me what?”
- “What choice/s do I have?”
For my third glossary post I came across three words in the Dietary Guidelines Slides that I believe were interesting. Being healthy is very important for your body, and yourself. So it is important that people understand what it means to be healthy and what it means to not be healthy. The three words that I chose were Insulin, Dementia, and Adulteration.
Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that allows the body to use sugars in the place of carbohydrates in the food that you eat for energy. Insulin helps keep blood sugar levels from getting too high or too low. We typically see insulin being used with type 1 diabetes patients. People with Type 1 diabetes cannot make insulin because the cells in their pancreas are destroyed. This is why people need injections to help their body process glucose and avoid health complications, like hyperglycemia.
Dementia is a not to be considered a disease, but instead it is considered to be a series of symptoms that all lead to be called dementia. These symptoms include memory loss, difficulty communicating, and confusion or disorientation. A disease that can be happen through dementia is Alzheimer’s. This is a disease, and is seen mostly in older adults. Dementia happens when there is damage in the nerve cells of the brain.
Adulteration is the noun form of adulterate, this can be defined as something that has been diluted with lesser quality ingredients. An example that we typically see of this is when fast food restaurants will use beaks and feet of the chicken and add them into the chicken nuggets. Adulteration is basically the process in which people will take an object and make it impure by adding inferior materials or elements.
- Insulin- a hormone produced in the pancreas by the islets of Langerhans that regulates the amount of glucose in the blood.
- Dementia- a chronic or persistent disorder of the mental processes caused by brain disease or injury and marked by memory disorders, personality changes, and impaired reasoning.
- Adulterate- render (something) poorer in quality by adding another substance, typically an inferior one.
“What Is Insulin?” EndocrineWeb, http://www.endocrineweb.com/conditions/type-1-diabetes/what-insulin.
“Dementia.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 2 Aug. 2017, http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dementia/symptoms-causes/syc-203http://.
I will be doing my PhotoVoice Project on Cosmetics. Cosmetics is a huge part of my life, because I use them everyday. Within my project, I will be comparing cheap makeup vs. expensive makeup. Some of the questions I will be asking are:
- “What choices do I have?”
- “Who has the upper hand and how?”
- “Who’s selling me what?”
- “What’s the typical discourse (what “most people” say?) about this & similar products/services?”
I chose this topic because it is very important to me that I know what goes on my skin and if I will benefit from buying the more expensive brands rather than the cheaper brands.
- Ghost Writing
- Drug Marketing
- Unapproved drugs
When a consumer needs consultation on a health matter then they are likely to go to their doctor who will likely prescribe the consumer a pharmaceutical to solve their health matter. Consumers ae meant to trust their doctors, but what many consumers do not know is that doctors can be paid to prescribe or promote certain medications. This practice is known as drug marketing. Drug marketing is when drug companies provide perks to doctors such as free food, pay bonuses, and other such incentives to promote doctors to prescribe certain drugs. Drug companies will spend more on marketing than anything else to help promote drug sales. Consumers should be aware of drug marketing and look into drugs before simply agreeing to take them. Consumers should also investigate if their doctor is receiving incentives from drug companies to promote certain pharmaceuticals. Ghost writing is another issue that consumers should be aware of. Medical ghost writers assist physicians and scientists in preparing articles for medical journals. Ghost writers are beneficial in helping busy researchers get articles done in a timely manner allowing the researchers to get back to experimenting quicker. The issue with this practice is that often times drug facts are not always truthful, bad effects can be glossed over or phrased to make them look like they are miniscule or unrelated to the drug at all. Consumers should pay attention to drug details and look closely into effects tied in with pharmaceuticals before taking them. Unapproved drugs have also become an issue that consumers should be aware of. The FDA is meant to regulate drugs by approving the ones that are safe and effective for consumers, but not all marketed over the counter drugs have received FDA approval. This could pose a serious health concern that consumers should know of. Consumers should always check that what they are being prescribed or taking FDA approved pharmaceutical products to ensure that what they are taking is actually safe.
Throughout the last few months, this course has acted as an insider view of a business class. I have learned many tricks of the trade in businesses and how companies can get around certain things. A good example of this it the term “greenwashing,” were companies claim to be green and practice bettering the environment when in reality, they are not. It is truly all a marketing scheme to make money and scam consumers. After my research throughout the quarter, I came across a few confusing terms I wanted to add to the glossary. One of the many that came up was particularly confusing. This word was forecast, which in my head deals strictly with weather. The two other terms I deemed necessary for my glossary are, depreciation and equity. These seem to be terminologies I see in the business world as well as everyday life that I think people should become familiar with.
Once I gained more knowledge about the business world and felt myself become a bit more comfortable with what I was learning, the terminology became easier to understand. When I first saw “forecast” being used in an article, my brain quickly assumed the author was talking about the weather for the upcoming week. Come to find out, that is a popular business termed used very frequently by companies managing for the future. This term is a planning tool that helps administer coping methods for businesses dealing with the uncertainty of the future. Forecasting relies on data from the past and present trends within the company. The next word, depreciation means a decrease in value. It is often difficult to understand and I still do not have a full grasp on the meaning quite yet. Depreciation is an accounting method used for observing assets and their value. It can also be used to allocate the number of costs a company has to spend. And lastly, I would like to talk about equity. This is another term I see used a lot that I am not totally confident in the definition. In the public health world, I am somewhat familiar with what equity means however, I know, much like forecast, it takes on a whole new definition in the business world. Equity means ownership or holding stock within a company. To explain this simply, it is the amount of money you will receive after selling your company and paying back all debts that are owed. In other words, it is how much money invested belongs to you. I think a lot of the words used in the business world can get very confusing, and some intertwine with others. We have seen that directly with forecast and equity. If I had not done research of my own, I would have gotten a very different understanding of the articles using those terms. It is very important to expand your vocabulary knowledge to understand other areas of information.
Forecast: Forecasting is the use of historic data to determine the direction of future trends.
Depreciation: Depreciation is an accounting method of allocating the cost of a tangible asset over its useful life.
Equity: Ownership interest or claim of a holder of common stock (ordinary shares) and some types of preferred stock (preference shares) of a company.
For my second Glossary Post, I came across 3 words used in the BirthSlides that I found interesting. From the moment you first learn that you are pregnant, there is so much information thrown at you too make sure that you will have a happy healthy baby. There are also many things that people have to make sure they become aware of, in case something goes wrong or happens to your baby during childbirth. Not all births go smooth and easy like they say they do in books, movies or magazines. The three words in particular that I found interesting were: Induction, Jaundice, and Non-Supine Positions.
Induction is when you are given medication to jump-start contractions. This more than likely will happen if your labor does not start on its own. A lot of the time physicians or doctors will use this method if your labor starts to slow down or stops progressing. Most of the time you will see induction happen if you are one-two weeks past your due date. By this time the baby is getting uncomfortable or the placenta is becoming too small for the baby to stay in so they will induce to start the labor. Another type of induction that we see is if your water breaks but your contractions do not start. Once the placenta or membrane has ruptured or “your water breaks” you and the baby become at risk of infection. So they will in most cases use induction to start the labor process. In other cases, if the baby is premature the physician or doctor will wait to see if the baby will come on its own.
Jaundice is a common and harmless condition in which the baby is yellowish color after birth. This can happen when there is a build-up of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is a yellow matter that is produced when the red blood cells have been broken down. Jaundice can very common after giving birth because newborn babies have a high level of red blood cells in their blood, which are fluctuating. This typically occurs when they are born because their liver is not fully developed, so the liver is less effective when removing the bilirubin from the blood. When your baby has jaundice there are many ways to treat it. One way to treat is by using phototherapy which is a special type of light that shines on the skin to help get rid of the bilirubin. Another way of treating jaundice is by using an exchange transfusion which is a blood transfusion that is taking a small amount of blood from your baby and replacing that blood with a matching donor.
Non-supine Position is the most common way of giving birth, which is laying flat on back and feet in stirrups. During a traditional vaginal birth, this is the position that most mothers will do. The majority of hospitals in the United States still use this position. There have been many questions recently raised that the non-supine position is actually quite harmful to the mother and baby. Lying on your back during childbirth can be very detrimental and dangerous. The main goal of childbirth is to align the baby’s body and head with your body for easy passing through the birth canal. Lying on your back can also be very hard on you and can ultimately make the pain of childbirth worse.
- Induction- is a medical procedure that is scheduled for pregnant women about to deliver and is used to stimulate uterine contractions during pregnancy before labor begins spontaneously.
- Jaundice-medical term that describes yellowing of the skin and eyes. Jaundice itself is not a disease but it is a symptom of several possible underlying illnesses.
- Non-Supine Position- is a position of the body: lying with the face up.
Reviewed by the BabyCenter Medical Advisory Board. “Jaundice.” BabyCenter, 22 Apr. 2015, www.babycenter.com/0_jaundice_89.bc.
Reviewed by the BabyCenter Medical Advisory BoardLast updated: September 2017. “Inducing Labor.” BabyCenter, 1 Nov. 2015, www.babycenter.com/0_inducing-labor_173.bc.
“Supine Positions .” Mommypage.com, http://www.mommypage.com/2012/05/why-you-should-avoid-the-supine-birthing-position/.
Prompt: What is greenwashing? What is sustainability and how does it impact us as consumers? How does sustainability contribute to our self-identity?
Greenwashing is buying or doing something marketed as “green” to offset other products or habits that are not as environmentally friendly. Sustainability is defined as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (Brassington & Pettit, 2005, p.12, as cited by (Schielke & Altobelli, 2012). So, people buy things labeled as “green” in order to create a more sustainable lifestyle for them and the future generations. However, the bad news is that almost every product that is bought has at least some impact on the environment. To give an example, almost everything in a store is packaged in some way, and many of these ways negatively impact the environment, most of the packaging isn’t decomposable. This idea of sustainability contributes to our self-identity due to perceived moral obligation. Moral obligation is what we think we should do and self-identity is how we view or want to view ourselves. Consumers feel a moral obligation to help provide a sustainable environment for future generations. This helps consumers improve their self-identity. Yet again, almost every single product does negatively impact the environment in some way, leading to the question “is our current lifestyle sustainable?”