Daily Archives: October 1, 2017

Glossary Building #1

In the Birth, Birth Options, and Maternal-Child Consumer Issues PowerPoint the term stakeholders is used in the final slide. I was confused as to who these stakeholders are that need to be educated on this area of consumer health. Synonyms for stakeholders are investors, shareholders, backers, sponsors, participants, patrons and interested parties. By these synonyms I understand now that doctors, patients, expectant or future expectant mothers and fathers are considered the stakeholders in birth, birth options and maternal-child consumer issues.

In the Pharmaceutical Industry and Consumers PowerPoint the term detailing is used ponder how we can take control of this. I was interested in why the word included quotation marks around it and followed the link. After following the link detailing refers to outreach education for health care professionals. This is when trained pharmacists, nurses and physicians otherwise known as clinical educators meet with health care professionals to discuss and introduce appropriate therapeutic choices and patient care practices. These trained professionals are the individuals providing the details to health care providers.

In the Babies and Small Children Consumer Issues Power Point the term brand loyalty is used to describe the risks and who is at risk in early childhood services. I was unsure what brand loyalty meant in this context and then defined each word individually. Synonyms for brand are make, product, kind or simply brand name. Loyalty means faithfulness, so together it means faithfulness to a/the make, product, kind or brand name. In this way we do find our loyalties to certain brands like popular brands Burt’s Bees, Babyganics, Johnson’s & Johnson’s, Medela, Munchkin, Fisher Price, Graco, Baby Einstein and so on. We also find our loyalties to certain early childhood services like KinderCare, Bright Horizons, Montessori schools and so on.

Thinking and Discourse Prompt 3: Dietary Guidelines and Sugar

Dietary guidelines, sugar content, non-GMO / GMO, organic, and etc. are all major concerns to the consumer when they are deciding on what to put in their body. I know that this is something that I am constantly thinking about when I am about to eat or when I go grocery shopping. This is also something that I feel has become more relevant in my social life and I say that because my friends all have different dietary restrictions or choices and we are always trying to be more aware about what we consume.

I did not start watching what I started eating (closely started watching that is) until about two and a half years ago when I had made the decision to become a vegetarian. When I made this decision I had to be careful to not only eat carbs or fatty foods – I needed to consume more vegetables and figure out other supplements for protein. This also aligns with a normal diet of not eating too many carbs or foods with high saturated fat content. I think it is interesting that we have to monitor everything we consume because we have been told that certain things are bad for us – but they never mention moderation. I feel that moderation was something that people did not fully understand because it was “this” or “that” was bad for your body, therefore, everything was to be avoided.

Something else that I also find very interesting is how not all nutrition labels or labels in general do not contain all of the information that a consumer may need. For example, one of my good friends is celiac, therefore she has to be cautious of anything that has gluten in it because otherwise her body will have a reaction. There are some products that do not say “contains gluten” when they should, and she has had reactions to those foods. Labels are meant to be informative for the consumer so that they know exactly what they are spending their money on. To further that, products that are GMO or non-GMO should have that stated on the label. I remember when not all products had the notice on it and people were consistently concerned with what foods were being put into their body. Consumers have the right to know what they buy and whether it is authentic or not.


Thinking and Discourse – Prompt 3

For this week’s post I found the slides regarding birth, birth options, and maternal-child consumer issues most significant to myself. Being a first time mom and moving into our third trimester the reality of giving birth and my options are beginning to cross my mind more often than not. On top of the highlighted concepts in our slides I have also received notifications of what to expect throughout pregnancy from my applications. Concepts like induction, episiotomy, and cesarean section are constant procedures I have to consider now that I’ll be giving birth in 2 months. For myself, I hope to have a very natural birth that does not require me to be induced. This however requires me to maintain my health as much as I can to prevent early labor and a much easier labor. An induction pushes consumers to find alternatives to having their baby in a much more natural way or even in a different setting than that of a hospital. Today there are many more options to having a baby. This includes where you can have your baby and how you can have your baby. Many women today create something called a birth plan, which outlines the way in which they hope to give birth. This birth plan also includes episiotomy and cesarean section if it is applicable. Women cannot determine whether or not they will tear and whether or not they will need to have a c-section. Often time’s episiotomy is not medically necessary, but a cesarean section is. These concepts are very relevant to my life as a consumer and to any mother, father and their unborn child as consumers because choosing how we bring a child into this world is not a simple decision to make.

Thinking and Discourse Prompts

Prompt 1:

The first thing that I noticed about Prompt 1 is probably the same thing that everybody else saw, and that was, they ask basically the same question. I mean there is no doubt about it, it is the same question just worded differently to make people wonder. Question 1 states; “Do you favor or oppose expanding Medicare to provide health insurance to every American?” This question really leaves it up to us to decide, whether we are for it or not. Most individuals though will not want to seem like a horrible person and they will most likely be peer-pressured into voting the same way that everybody else votes. Question 2 states; ” Do you favor or oppose creating a single-payer health care system, in which all Americans would get their health insurance from one government plan that is financed by taxes?” This question leaves it up to the individual as well, while this question gives much more detail and insight too. It also gives more explanation of what will happen if Medicare is given to everybody.

Prompt 3:

I am also like a lot of other people because I chose the Birth Slides. Babies have always been something that I would like to have when I am older. Probably not for a couple of years but I don’t want to wait really long as well. I was a nanny for about 2 years and I also volunteered with a lot of babies. So let’s just say I am very comfortable when it comes to taking care of babies and being around them. Having a baby is a very important milestone in a women’s life. It can be very emotionally, physically and mentally challenging. I took a Family and Child Life last quarter and I learned a lot about being pregnant, having a baby and then raising a baby. Let’s just say if you are not prepared then you have a lot of hard times coming your way. Having a plan while being pregnant is very important when being a new mother. You have to remember to take your vitamins, go to your doctor’s appointments and all in all make sure your baby is happy and healthy because then you will be happy and healthy. Then you also got to have a plan when it comes to having the baby. Are you having a C-Section or are you going to have a natural birth? Are you going to want medication? An Epidural? All those questions come to the table the moment you hit your 9-month mark. Another thing to remember is what you are going to do after you have your baby. Do you have all the supplies for the baby? Food? Are you going to breastfeed or not? All sorts of other questions comes up when you leave that hospital. This time can be a very time for new mother’s because you don’t have a staff of doctor’s and nurse’s at your beck in call. When you leave that hospital you are on your own. And that is why it can be so scary and most mother’s will experience postpartum depression. Sometimes you can get so overwhelmed and go crazy because you are not getting any sleep. But if you just buckle down and get healthy you can and will be a good mother.


Thinking and Discourse

Prompt 1:

These questions are both asking the same thing, but the wording is chosen to be different. The first question is represented with vocabulary that seems to be less demanding of people and give everyone the self satisfaction of they could be the ones helping to cover health insurance. Including to themselves. The second question is worded in a more explanative sense, so I don’t know about most people on here, but I know if I see the words ‘financed by taxes’ I automatically think I am going to be paying more for something that isn’t just for me. I believe the second one draws to find more what people believe in. Only because it gives them a hint of something they may not want.

Language in consumer health now seems very important to me. It will guide people who don’t know what they’re rooting for. Or it could drown out something that could be the most important, just because it wasn’t voiced correctly. Language is a dangerous thing.


Prompt 2:

Market justice and social justice both have their fair points to argue. The difference lies within whether someone needs to (or wants to) take care of themselves or others. But in the Market, even if you make some decision it always is the right one. It is regulated by itself and represents that everything everyone has is deserved and earned by them and their actions. In society this is viewed as our default. And leads social justice onto being an alternative.

Social justice does focus on equality the same as the market, but does so by putting everyone on the same level. Everyone acquires their basic needs through which government action is necessary. Since society has an obligation to it. It shows in the community.

I learned from this post that the idea of ‘fair’ and equal are not entirely subjective, but have different angles that you can work with them from. From these ideas different ones can be formed. So the right of fairness I feel can be judged by us each time a new idea comes up.


Prompt 3:

I chose the overview of consumer health set of slides. One concept that I think is very important is understanding what consumer health really is. It includes anything that is related to and costs money. It’s about making decisions that will benefit or not benefit you. It’s about avoiding incorrect information or deception. And it’s about choosing to be able to understand what you are doing and to not be blind and alliterate.

Money is a very important concept in this field I believe. From what I understood from these slides, if people keep making money they are going to keep on wanting to do what it is to make money. Even if it poor for their health. Money keeps society on it’s feet in this day and age.

The last concept I would like to talk about is this idea of hegemony. Spontaneous consent is something in my eyes that can help or hurt someone. But generally I feel like it shouldn’t be someone’s top choice because you aren’t truly thinking of your decision. Hence the word spontaneous. But this kind of thing can lead to poor purchases and poor ideas.

Thinking and Discourse

Prompt 1:

Wording is incredibly important when doing polls and other surveys. One can manipulate wording to get people to say yes or no to something they would normally say the opposite. Wording can make people feel more informed but it can also make some feel less educated. It is very important to find the balance between these two ideals.

The first question is much vaguer than the second and appeals to human empathy while the second question is more explanatory and shows the whole process involved. Though these questions mean about the same thing, the responses varied by about 20% between the two. The first uses the words “every American” which appeals to the empathy that real patriots have for their compatriots while the second uses the word “taxes” which instantly gives the message a more negative connotation. Many Americans oppose more taxes but when taxes are not involved they want every one to have health insurance. Here lies the predicament, do we appeal to morals and empathy or do we appeal to politics and logistics.

Prompt 2:

Social Justice vs Market Justice highlights how influential wording choices can be to decision making. It discusses being more informed decision makers and how many people need to be more aware of how they make decisions. Again we come to the predicament, morals and empathy or politics and logistics. The first strives to help the community. The second works to preserve self and the individual.

Prompt 3:

Babies are often seen as having the greatest impact on a woman and her health but many often forget that they must carry and deliver the baby, which can have an even greater impact on all types of health. Mental, physical, and emotional health are strained when women have babies. A possible way to alleviate some of this strain is preparedness. A major part of preparedness is having the right information. Future mothers who are more informed about what to do and what not to do while pregnant, often feel more prepared for motherhood. Having more information often leads to mothers receiving prenatal care which is healthier for both baby and mother. Another important part of preparedness is a birth plan. Natural birth or C-section can be an incredibly stressful decisions for mothers. Many women nowadays face shame for having a C-section and are told they did not give birth so therefore they did not have a child. Both natural birth and C-sections carry their risks and each mother should be able to make their choice about how they are going to give birth and they should face ZERO shame for either decision. Many people do not take women’s health seriously and do not understand the importance of healthy births. Many underestimate the importance of women’s health in our society. But without healthy women, everyone else suffers.

Thinking and Discourse Prompts

After reading through both questions asked in prompt 1 several times, I realized how wording truly affects decision making. The two questions asked are similar, yet differ in the way they are asked. Question one asks a simple and broad question “Do you favor or oppose expanding Medicare to provide health insurance to every American?”. The second question is more direct and detailed ” Do you favor or oppose creating a single-payer health care system, in which all Americans would get their health insurance from one government plan that is financed by taxes?. These questions are similar, but may affect the way people respond based on how it makes them feel. When questions are broad and answered in simple wording, some people may have an easier time responding and feel more confident in their answered. When questions are more detailed and specific, some may feel more uncomfortable or confused about their answers. This can slightly affect answer results.

The polling results of these questions show that the wording of these questions may have some affect. The first question that states “Do you favor or oppose expanding Medicare to provide health insurance to every American?” The results show that 60% Favor strongly or favor somewhat and 23% Oppose strongly or oppose somewhat. A majority of people agreed to favor this option, whereas a small portion apposed. We all want to see more people find medical coverage and this question does not mention this option putting any expense to us as tax payers. That makes this question more appealing to most people. The second question states “Do you favor or oppose creating a single-payer health care system, in which all Americans would get their health insurance from one government plan that is financed by taxes?” The polling results show, 44% Favor strongly or favor somewhat and 31% Oppose strongly or oppose somewhat. The results for this question turned out to be much closer. This may be because of the detailed wording of the question. This question clearly states what is at cost for each person who votes to be in favor for expanded medicare. By stating what is exactly at cost in the question, allows people to be confused or unsure how they feel about the topic. This can cause people to feel oppose. I can agree that my feelings for each question differed by the wording. It show how important is to stay aware of the wording and information given in a question, especially when trying to collect data from a varying population.

In the social justice Vs. Market Justice piece, there are great examples of how wording really effects decision making. it gives great examples of how we as people and or Americans should be aware on how we make our decisions and how impact they really are. As a community we should strive to make choices for the GREATER good, and not always for the individual. By investing in our selves and our community remembers, we are investing in a better future. Being fast and effective is one thing, but being thorough and efficient is another.  As a society we must hold ourselves accountable by our values, not just individually, but socially as well.

Prompt 3: Birth Slides

Having a babies is a huge impact on a mothers life, Emotionally, mentally and especially physically. Being prepared and taking as much precaution when pregnant can effect the babies birth and health after, as well as the mothers health during pregnancy, birth and life after.

One concept to remember is information. Mothers who are more informed on the do’s and don’ts of pregnancies may find themselves more prepared. Being more informed can allow a mother to make decisions and actions that can positively impact the babies health and her own, such as avoiding drinking and smoking. Information can also guide new and inexperienced mothers to the right place to receive proper care. Getting proper care can inform pregnant women on how to manage a good diet, as well as how to avoid certain environmental hazards. It could also warn new mothers of potential health outcomes their baby may experience, and how to manage this after birth. Being informed can also lead new mother to other support groups that can assist them in their journey to mother hood. It should be a goal that all mothers go into motherhood healthy, happy and informed.

Having a plan is also an important concept of birth. Natural birth or C-section. If a mother is going into a natural birth plan, she must be aware that plans may change and emergencies happen. For some women, natural child birth is too dangerous and C-section is the safest way to give birth. Women must know their risk and take the safest plan for her and for the baby.

Another concept is insurance and options. Midwife service is available through all insurances in Washington State. A mid wife is an individual who is trained to help women through her pregnancies and birth. they assist in the process during a pregnancy and even a birth plan and birthing the baby.

Women’s health is a huge controversial topic that is often not taken seriously enough.  A Woman’s health not only effects herself, but her children as well. if we want a healthy population, we must invest in women. Access and resources are greatly needed in our communities to keep all women as healthy as they can be to ensure their health and future, as well as their babies health and futures.


Glossary Building Post

After reading over a few slides for this week’s topical post, I came across some terms that I see important. The first term was VBAC from the birth slides. When I saw this, I had no idea what it meant, and frankly, it sounded kind of scary. According to WebMD, VBAC is “vaginal birth after cesarean”(WebMD.). The reason I view this term important is because, I didn’t know that after having a C-section, you must go through what is called a Trial of Labor after Cesarean, TOLAC (WebMD.); in order to be able to have your next baby naturally, but even then, 4 out of 10 women will still need a C-section.(WebMD.)

The second term came from the overview slides generalizability. When I saw this word I had to stop everything I was doing to search for the definition. According to a psychology glossary I found online, Generalizabilty is “another way of saying “ecological validity”; this is the extent to which findings can be generalized to those in natural settings.(AlleyDog.com)” I think this is important in consumer health because once we enter the research side of public health we need to be able to inform consumers how our findings can relate to them in a real life setting.

The Last word is quackery. According to the overview slides, quackery can be defined as “Promotion for the purposes of profit of a false, or unproven, method(OverviewSlides).” I think that this term is important because you want your consumers’ credibility at all times and if you ‘change their oil’ without having the proper knowledge, you are most likely going to ruin their car and your credibility will go down.

  • VBAC: Vaginal birth after cesarean; After having a C-section, you must go through what is called a Trial of Labor after Cesarean, TOLAC (WebMD.); in order to be able to have your next baby naturally, but even then, 4 out of 10 women will still need a C-section.(WebMD.)
  • Generalizability: Another way of saying “ecological validity”; this is the extent to which findings can be generalized to those in natural settings (AlleyDog.com).
  • Quackery: Promotion for the purposes of profit of a false, or unproven, method (OverviewSlides).


AlleyDog.com. “Generalize (Generalizability).” Generalize (Generalizability) Definition |Psychology Glossary, AlleyDog.com, 2017. www.alleydog.com/glossary/definition.php?term=Generalize%2B%28generalizability%29.

OverviewSlides. “The New Consumer Health – An Overview.”

WebMD. “Vaginal Birth After Cesarean (VBAC) – Topic Overview.” WebMD, WebMD, 2017,


Thinking and Discourse


While these questions are essentially asking the same question, the wording might make it confusing to some readers. Question one is vague and brief, but the wording is more comfortable and straightforward; “Do you favor or oppose expanding Medicare to provide health insurance to every American?” This question leaves the consumer with an ultimatum, whether they are for or against insuring all Americans. In which case, most people don’t want to seem like the ‘bad guy’ and will vote in favor of.

Question two explains with more detail the measures that would need to be taken in order to create or expand health insurance to every American, which in turn, makes it sound more complicated and how taxes would be increased. Most American’s do not want their taxes increased so they have an easier time voting opposed.

In my opinion, question two is clearer because it’s explaining the personal costs that come along with expanding health insurance to every American even those who can’t afford it.

Wording is important in consumer health, especially for polling when the consumer can’t see your facial expressions or even has enough background information about the topic. If you want accurate results, you not only have to ask which side the consumer is on but also state the personal costs such as tax increases so that the consumer has a clear cut of what they are in favor for or opposed to.

PROMPT 3 – Birth Slides

I actually don’t have any babies and am not planning to have any probably for another 8-10 years but these slides were very engaging.

Being informed is the first important concept to even considering having a baby. When considering, you need to be able to adjust your diet. For example, if you are someone who eats high fat fast-food 4 out of 7 days of the week, consider changing those number to only one out of 7 days a week and home cook your meals instead so that you know exactly what you are putting into your body. Being informed about your daily environment is also important I would say, staying away from smokers would be a good start and finally understanding risks and options as well as costs. Not only medical bills but nursery costs and baby essentials like diapers or formula if you decide not to breast feed.

Another important concept to consider is birth. How are you planning to have this baby? C-section or natural? What if you have to get induced? I have a cousin who had passed her due date by 1 week and a half so she had to get induced but still had a natural birth.

Finally, midwives are covered by all insurance companies in the state of Washington. A midwife is someone who is trained to help with pregnancies (as far as I know).

All of these concepts are important to me as a consumer because today we have the option of choosing to be on birth control until we decide that we are ready for a baby but because of religious views or lack of resources, many don’t have that option and will at least have control over their diet, and daily environment. I’m not sure how I would share this information with someone else, given I’ve haven’t experienced pregnancy, let alone child birth but if someone asks me I would be more than happy to share what I know and suggest they visit a doctor for more information.