Glossary Post 4

For my final glossary post, I will be using vocabulary words that I found to be useful while I was doing my photovoice project research on nutrition labels.

Percent Daily Value: the %DV [Percent Daily Value] helps you determine if a serving of food is high or low in a nutrient…  are based on the Daily Value recommendations for key nutrients but only for a 2,000 calorie daily diet–not 2,500 calories. (U.S. Food and Drug Administration, n.d.)”

The percent daily value is usually the column of the nutrition label that has a percentage, next to each nutrient (except for trans fat, sugars, and a few others). It represents how much of your daily needed nutrients the food will provide if you eat according to the serving size, according to a 2,000 calorie-a-day diet.

Calories: “a unit equivalent to the large calorie expressing heat-producing or energy-producing value in food when oxidized in the body (Merriam-Webster, n.d.).”

I chose to define calories, because its definition is a little confusing. When a nutrition label lists how many calories a food has, what it is really doing is listing how many units of heat ones body will oxidize when they eat it according to the serving size.

Trans Fat: 

“There are two broad types of trans fats found in foods: naturally-occurring and artificial trans fats. Naturally-occurring trans fats are produced in the gut of some animals and foods made from these animals (e.g., milk and meat products) may contain small quantities of these fats. Artificial trans fats (or trans fatty acids) are created in an industrial process that adds hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid (American Heart Association, 2017).”

For a long time, I did not know what trans fat meant. I just knew that it was the type of fat that was healthier to avoid consuming. Now I see that a huge reason for this is because it is fat that is either factory made, or produced in the guts of animals.

Sources:

Calorie. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster. Retrieved from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/calorie
How to Understand and Use the Nutrition Facts Label. (2004, November). Retrieved from https://www.fda.gov/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling/labelingnutrition/ucm274593.htm#percent_daily_value
Trans Fat. (2017, March 24). Retrieved from https://healthyforgood.heart.org/Eat-smart/Articles/Trans-Fat
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