Glossary Building: Post Four

Recidivism

According to the article National Institute of Justice (2014) “Recidivism is one of the most fundamental concepts in criminal justice. It refers to a person’s relapse into criminal behavior, often after the person receives sanctions or undergoes intervention for a previous crime. Recidivism is measured by criminal acts that resulted in re-arrest, reconviction or return to prison with or without a new sentence during a three-year period following the prisoner’s release” (National Institute of Justice, 2014, para. 1). I chose this word because it is important to understand what it means and what it entails when dealing with criminal activity. Research has been done throughout the years to calculate and assess why recidivism is so high.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

According to Senson (2016) “CBT is a psychotherapeutic treatment administered by a therapist trained in mental health disorders and specifically in CBT. Patients typically attend a limited number of sessions that focus on a specific problem, helping the patient identify, recognize and change disturbing thought patterns and feelings that are leading to negative or destructive beliefs and behaviors” (Senson, 2016, para. 6).

I chose cognitive behavioral therapy as a glossary word because it is also an important part of consumer health in some aspects. People behave in certain ways because of their different personalities and many suffer from personality disorders. CBT is among one of those treatment methods that can help individuals with cognitive and behavioral problems.

Offender

a person who commits an illegal act.

synonyms: wrongdoer, criminal, lawbreaker, miscreant, malefactor, felon, delinquent, culprit, guilty party, outlaw, sinner, transgressor; malfeasant

a person or thing that offends, does something wrong, or causes problems.

Offender in many cases has been found to mean something other than a wrongdoer and a criminal. People often relate the word offender to a sex offender. I find this word interesting because the Washington State Department of Corrections has recently moved away from using the words offenders, inmates, convicts, and similar words. Currently the State of Washington wants the population of incarcerated individuals to be addressed as students or patients.

References

Offender. (n.d.). Retrieved July 24, 2017, from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/offender

Recidivism. (2014, June 17). Retrieved July 24, 2017, from https://www.nij.gov/topics/corrections/recidivism/Pages/welcome.aspx

Senson, A. (2016, January 06). Virtual Reality Therapy: Treating The Global Mental Health Crisis. Retrieved July 24, 2017, from https://techcrunch.com/2016/01/06/virtual-reality-therapy-treating-the-global-mental-health-crisis/

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