Here are some terms that I find to be important in terms of consumer health and food. The terms listed here were found in Johnathon Ross’s article on moderation, which I discussed in my food post.
Nutrition: “The act or process of nourishing or being nourished; specifically : the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances / foods that are necessary for human nutrition” (Merriam-Webster, n.d.)
Nutrition is a word that is thrown around a lot in many different settings. Because of this, it is important to be informed of the true definition. My misconception of this word is that it somehow referred to the number of nutrients in any given food. Really, it is sum of the things that allow any given food to provide nourishment.
Superfood: “A food (such as salmon, broccoli, or blueberries) that is rich in compounds (such as antioxidants, fiber, or fatty acids) considered beneficial to a person’s health” (Merriam-Webster, n.d.)
Superfood, like nutrition, is also a word that is thrown around quite a bit. It also seems that definitions seem to be different depending on where you look. For example, Jonathon Ross thinks that the definition of superfoods is “foods that act like nutritional superheroes in our bodies” (2015). He argues that superfoods should be our “normal foods”, and superfoods are really just the standard for what we should be eating. Superfoods are basically foods that are considered beneficial to a person’s health. Of course, superfoods are not foods with superpowers. I think that the concept of superfoods has stemmed from our culture’s tendency to eat so much junk food. When one’s body is bogged down by processed foods, eating foods that are good for them will often give them a noticeable increase in energy. This is why I personally use the term to describe healthy foods that give me a noticeable increase in energy.
Physiology: “A branch of biology that deals with the functions and activities of life or of living matter (such as organs, tissues, or cells) and of the physical and chemical phenomena involved” (Merriam-Webster, n.d.)
This is a term that I have actually been familiar with since I took Anatomy & Physiology in high school. I think that this term is important, because it is one of many similar sounding words used to refer to different parts of science (biology, psychology, psychiatry, etc.). Being aware of the specific definitions of these and similar words will make research on consumer issues more understandable.
Nutrition. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster. Retrieved from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/nutrition
Physiology. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster. Retrieved from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/physiology
Ross, J. (2015, September 23). Why “Everything in Moderation” Doesn’t Work. Retrieved July 21, 2017, from http://greatist.com/eat/everything-in-moderation-doesnt-work
Superfood. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster. Retrieved from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/superfood