Grades and comments so far…

Hi folks – I have posted a space in Canvas, “Comments re performance to date,” that will show comments and a current grade for your work so far, according to the holistic grading rubric. (Note that “so far” is through what I SAW for you as of Oct 16….) If you do NOT yet see that I have added that space for you, do not fret. (And please be patient just a bit longer, as in until about this weekend. I am slowly – and with ENJOYMENT and value – reading your work, and enjoying getting to take that time.)

I am seeing some quite thoughtful posts, btw. For those who have NOT yet posted a Glossary Building post, it’s time to start, just a heads up…. Oh, and the GB posts I’m seeing tend to show me the learning that happens when we go after a new-to-us concept or term. Exciting! So do it….

Btw, the green checkmark in your Canvas space indicates that I am complete, so far, with your comments/grade. YOU may be missing one or more items, which you should be able to check against what’s due so far (in other words, if you did NOT yet do even one GB post, you know that.) Similarly, if you have done something, and you don’t believe I’ve seen it, make a note of it. Usually that will be because you neglected to UNcheck the UNcategorized category, or you used a category that made it look like it was for one prompt when really it was for another (or titled your post in some way that confused me, or something like that).

Another heads up – although you won’t see things “marked off” in that comments re performance space, I do have a “check-off” column for each prompt in an excel. If you DO believe your current grade doesn’t look as though it reflects what you’ve done, let me know.

Cheers, enjoy the rest of your week, and keep exploring, learning, and writing. Oh, and make ONE healthy consumer choice in the next few days – whether modifying a choice you’d typically make, or deciding something entirely new for your life. Why not? You can do it. –Dr. P


Food post Prompt One

I want to start off by stating that I had vague knowledge about the importance of not exceeding the recommended daily intake for added sugar. However, after reading some of the food matters resources now I have a better understanding about the added sugar daily intake recommendations which are 25g for women,38 g for men and 12-25g for children. In addition I am aware of the reason  why we should not exceed these recommendations. Also, I learned that there are at least 61different names for sugar listed on food labels and how this sugar is in most packaged foods sold in supermarket. However, the most important information is that added sugar is hiding in foods that we consider to be healthy such as energy bars, yogurt since manufacturers are not required to say whether the total  sugar includes added sugar. Making it very difficult to know how much added sugar we are consuming. Therefore it is very important for us as consumers to  know how Making healthy food decisions requires having complete information on the food label. When sugars are hidden in most packaged foods, it’s a difficult choice to make. I believe this information is extremely important for everyone to know and as a result I would definitely share this information with my family, friends and those in my community. Because knowing this information can help us make healthier choices.

Policies decisions that can have an effect peoples choices and health outcomes around food labeling  is the having FDA include more information in labels specifically with the recommendations on the added sugar that is safe to consume. This would be a policy decision that can have positive effect on the choices and health outcomes of an individual. However there are other policies that fail to address the public health risk about consuming large amounts of added sugars. Since food and beverage manufacturers along with industry supported organizations such as trade association, front groups, and public relations firms have actively sought to deceive the public and ensure that we continue to consume large amounts of sugar, this is due to through some of the same tactics employed by the tobacco industry, sugar interests from various sectors have intentionally worked to interfere with the science that links consumption of added sugars to adverse health effect by attacking the science and spreading misinformation. Sugar interest have attempted to influence policy in the direction of continued high consumption of sugar by American.

Also, I found very important to know that there solutions are possible and there are various initiatives being developed and implemented in many places across the country. For example communities an d decision makers need to adopt policies that stand up against political and corporate influence and are informed by the scientific evidence demonstrating the harmful health impacts of added sugar. And having sugar interests held accountable by scientific and public health experts, investors, decision makers, the media, and the  public for their efforts to obscure the science on sugar and its detrimental health effects. Also, communities should be empowered to make democratic decisions about their food systems and public health.

Even though more than half Americans say they already have enough information at restaurants to decide whether they are making healthy choices I assume there are quite a few people that have at least basic knowledge about food labels and nutrition recommendations in these. However, if I share this information with people less well informed than myself they may be surprised to know how we are consuming huge amounts of addend sugar without even knowing since the added sugar is hidden if food labels. But what would probably be more shocking for them would be to know that food and beverages manufacturers want Americans to keep consuming large amounts and their campaigns to obscure scientific evidence about the negative effects of  the consumption of added sugar.

Finance post/s Prompt Two

The Fiduciary Rule, is a rule in which financial advisers will not be able to put their own interest ahead of their clients. Meaning that Fiduciary Rule would request all financial advisers to put customer’s interest first. Financial advisers will not be allowed to receive any commission or accept compensation or payments that would create a conflict of interest. The first resource tutorial on “John Oliver’s Retirement Income episode” does an excellent job at explaining from a consumers point of view the Fiduciary Rule and what would benefit consumers the most. For example,  this particular resource states that according to conservative estimates, more than $17 billion is unnecessarily lost every year from retirement saving under our current system due to conflicted investment advice. Also, the resources has important information about the high fees that compound over time, the differences between managed and index funds and which is more beneficial to the consumer. In addition this resource has a link to support the Fiduciary Rule and includes some tips to remember when saving for retirement which are important for all consumers to know.




Early Life & Childhood/Youth post Prompt Two

I believe that in order to address certain consumer health issues with 10 year old children, I would have to use  simple language when addressing such an important topic such as consumer health. First of all I would provide him/her with important information  necessary for them to start making good and healthy choices. I would try to cover some of the interest of the child. For example if the child has very low physical activity due to playing video games for a long period of time or watching television then I would start off by asking why the child like to engage in these activities, Then I would let the child know that I respect his opinion but that perhaps he can make better choices because his/her current interest may have a negative effect on his/her health. And I would mention to the child the risk of low physical activity such as how and why it’s affecting their health. In addition I would have to provide the child with ideas and options to increase his/her physical activity time. For example, I would let the 10 year old know that low levels of physical activity can affect their health even if they don’t feel it is affecting them in any way. And provide facts such as how low levels of physical activity is liked to a greater risk for obesity and diseases like diabetes, this can be done by providing them with videos about the risks of low levels of physical activity. Moreover, I would talk to him/her about the different variety of activities that can increase his or her physical activities such as outdoor play, or if the 10 year old is interested in video games I would recommend them choosing an active video game on Xbox 360 Kinect (a motion sensor-based console, that requires total body participation this way the children can start to choose options that can benefit her/his consumer behaviors.

Illness and Mortality: Prompt 1

I found the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services (DSHS) site to be very helpful. There was a page on there called, “Getting Started.” It includes a “What You Need to Know” section. This section included things like explaining the basics of finding adult care, what that includes, and the types of care that are available. There are resources within the website that are helpful to people as it provides links to other pages with more information and has a phone number for people who may want to call in with further questions. Besides the getting started page there is a “Medicaid” and “Long Term Care Housing” page that explains what Medicaid is and how it applies to residential care facilities. The latter page explains the different types of adult care that are available ranging from nursing homes to assisted living facilities to retirement communities, and explains what each of them mean.

Overall, I believe the DSHS website was helpful because it explains all of the terms found within it and how it applies to the subject that is being addressed. My only complaint is that people may get lost in the various pages provided and the links within the pages themselves. However, there is a phone number provided along with the times that people can call in case anyone has further questions.


Glossary Post #3

Being in class has opened my eyes to this new world of “consumers”. Now, this is not a new word to my vocabulary bank, but it does have a new meaning. Before now I didn’t really consider myself a consumer. I didn’t really consider myself much of anything. Now this idea of consumerism has been placed inside of my head, I think about it often. I consider if there is actually any consumer protection measures that are taken to ensure that consumers are not being bamboozled into buying useless products or being lied to. Laws have been implemented, but are these laws actually held up and honored the way they should be? Lets take food for example. Who protects consumers from eating fatty foods that are advertised as healthy? The USDA is there to ensure that companies are meeting standards and upholding said standards. These come in many forms of tests, product advertising, and ensuring that the truth is followed through. Without the USDA breathing down the neck of the companies that are handling the food that, we consumers, eat on a regular basis, who knows what it would be like. These consumer protective measures are implemented because it is what is deserved to the consumers themselves. We deserve the protection and the truth from the companies that are attempting to sell us something. It is not fair, ethical, or right to lie to the consumer. It is also the consumers job to be researching on their own time because although the USDA and other laws state that companies need to be truthful, there are many loop holes and although these companies are stating the truth, it may not be the whole truth or it is some version of the truth. Consumer protection is also up to the consumer themselves.

Consumer: “Economics. a person or organization that uses a commodity or service” Protection: “a thing, person, or group that protects

Standard: “something considered by an authority or by general consent as a basis of comparison; an approved model.”

USDA: United States Department of Agriculture (n.d.). Retrieved November 19, 2017, from

PhotoVoice Idea

I had a few ideas for this project, but I think the one I am going to go with is interviewing people. The questions I am set out to answer are: “How healthy is it?”, “Do I really know what I need to make a healthy choice?”, and “Why is it so difficult to be healthy/ easy to be unhealthy?”. What I plan to do is ask people (maybe 3-5) what their favorite “healthy” meal is and what is their favorite “unhealthy” meal. Then I will take their answers and get the calorie count through the online FoodTracker website. This answers the “how healthy is it” question.

Next I will ask them if they know what is needed to make a healthy choice. I’ll answer this question for myself first, then I will record their answers. I will be seeing if any of the answers are similar or if it really means something different to each person. I will also look up the available websites to people, how readily available nutrition facts are, ask how much they learned in school about making healthy choices, or how much research they have done to make healthy choices. Here I am looking for them to answer the question, and I am looking to see if they blame their healthy choices on themselves, or on outside sources.

Lastly, I will be asking what they think makes it so hard to be healthy and so easy to be unhealthy. I’ll ask about their lifestyle. The choices they make as adults, and the choices that were made for them as children. The types of foods that were made available at home, the snacks that were given, and how this either carried over into their adult life or they made the choice to be different than the way they were raised.

I will create a PowerPoint and will use quotes made by my interviewees, rather than recordings. I will post photos of the foods that were discussed, the websites that information could be accessed, and anything else I think needs to be added as I am carrying out my project.

Glossary Post #2

Most people do not go into parenthood with enough information as it takes to make informed decisions about their own care and the care of their new baby. Which doesn’t seem too surprising as those who are becoming parents didn’t really plan to get pregnant. What does it mean to be informed, though? Informed about what exactly? Being informed is much more than preconception. Being informed is knowing the many options that are available to you, the risks and the benefits before and after pregnancy, all of it!  Being one of those consumers who, yes has seen and experienced child birth through the eyes of others, had a lot to learn upon becoming pregnant. Preconception was the extent to my knowledge, and that simply means birth control and condoms. As it does to many people. But preconception is knowing the ways to care for your body and mind before a baby is made. This includes your partner as well. Your entire life changes upon conception and it changes fast. So, what now, now that you or your partner is pregnant? What are the options available? There’s classes that can be taken to teach about birth, should you save the umbilical cord blood? What if you need to get a caesarean or induced? Going into parenthood isn’t as black and white as people want to make it seem. It’s easy to see in others as the greatest time of their life and such joy and happiness! And trust me, it really is. But being informed about all things preconception really makes for an awakening that most people don’t get post-pregnancy, while most people need it. Become an informed consumer and learn what it is that needs to be learned, because it is the responsibility of the parents to be, or those that are trying to be.

Informed: “having or prepared with information or knowledge; apprised.”

Preconception: “occurring prior to conception”

Conception: “fertilization; inception of pregnancy.”

Caesarean section: “surgical incision through the abdominal and uterine walls in order to deliver a baby”

Induced: “to bring about, produce, or cause.” (n.d.). Retrieved November 19, 2017, from


Illness and Mortality Prompt # 1

Consumers are often faced with issues such as illness, long-term care, and death and dying choices, but often times they are unsure what their options are. I recently became employed as an In-Home Care Aid with a company and actually found our states website to be very informative towards my career, and I could easily see it as a valuable resource for consumers looking for information on care resources. The Washington State Department of Social and Health Services is a valuable resource for the uninformed consumers of Washington state. Immediately going into the site, it lists links on home and community sources, residential services, long-term care options, the office for the deaf, and provides a link to report instances of adult abuse. The easy to navigate layout of the site is a plus as well as consumers of this site may be older or not as skilled with computers. While the site does have its advantageous parts, there are also gaps in the information provided. Price is the biggest thing missing from the site. There are possible services listed but there are no details on how much those services may cost the individual. This could potentially be problematic for consumers concerned over the monetary aspects of care. Another aspect on the site that is lacking is the exact details of what it takes to qualify for services such as the length of stay required for some of the programs, the visitation during the care, and how good the care actually is. One way to solve this issue is to look up reviews that other consumers have left about the service provider. I would suggest people to consider programs offered by community centers as well. Many local community centers offer area specific programs that lend assistance to those in need of all types of care.

PhotoVoice Idea

For my photovoice project, I will be answering two questions: How healthy is it? And Why is it so difficult to be healthy/easy to be unhealthy. I will create a PowerPoint slide that will contain an image of a healthy home-cooked meal. I will list all the ingredients that I need to create the meal as well as the cost of each ingredient. My second image will have unhealthy foods that can be purchased for the same price as the one healthy home-cooked meal.

Illness and Mortality Prompt 2

There is so much information out there about health services that it can be hard to dig through what is fact or fiction. When there is not enough services or personnel in the first place, it makes it hard to get accountable, easily accessible information to the consumer. There does not seem to be many options available for long-term care, especially for those who do not qualify for financial aid. As consumers, we need to push for better options in health care. As a nation, we need to address the severe shortage of health workers /services and the ridiculous cost of health services.

Myth 1: We have enough health care workers to meet the demands of the aging population.

There is an increasing demand for health services due to the increased incidence of chronic illness and a large aging population.  The number of people over the age of 65 is expected to double between 2000 and 2030. This has led to a shortage of healthcare workers as there is not enough to meet the increasing demand. Physicians and nurses are being hit especially hard. By 2025, the AAMC estimates we will have a shortfall of 46,000 to 90,000 physicians. Between 2014 and 2020, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reports there will be over 1 million vacancies in nursing. This growing lack of services and personal has led to concerning healthcare challenges.

Myth 2: We have adequate care for our aging generation.

The U.S population might be living longer, but the quality of life for many of the elderly is low. Our society does not currently have the resources to deal with the increasing number of older adults, many of whom have serious health problems and risks. Health care is extremely expensive, in 2010 people age 65+ spent an average of $18,424 on health care services in the United States. This financial burden is particularly concerning for the middle class, who make too much to qualify for aid but not enough to pay for long-term care services. In addition to the increasing cost of care, we simply lack the compacity to care for our aging population.

Myth 3: The DSHS has high standards and requirements for adult family homes.

Reading this article made me sick. I was shocked that we did not have higher criteria or rigorous inspections of these homes. People who have not read this article most likely believe that the DSHS has a rigorous application process and frequent expectations. This might be similar to how people believe the FDA conducts its own testing on products since its purpose of these agencies is to provide safe service/products and protect the consumer. It is terrifying to think that, so much abuse goes unnoticed and undealt with because we do not have the personal or facilities to deal with the increasing elderly population. Consumers need to push for higher standards and better options.